Christina

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Genetic map of cancer reveals trails of mutation that lead to disease

Map shows how 20 patterns of mutation drive 30 cancer types, pointing the way to prevention and treatment strategies<p>The first detailed map of genetic faults that cause cancers is published today, offering profound insights into the disease.<p>The map describes more than 20 "genetic signatures", or …

Mutations linked to severe epilepsy in kids - Futurity

U. MELBOURNE (AUS) / DUKE (US) — Advanced gene technology has revealed new mutations that …

Study finds novel worm community affecting methane release in ocean

“One of the first and best examples of a direct link between a food web and the dynamics that control greenhouse gas emissions from the ocean,” – …

Sea level and temperatures hit record highs last year, report says

The US had its warmest year on record in 2012 as carbon levels grew and Arctic sea ice melted. Another downer: the global sea level hit an all-time high last year as well. These and other troubling environmental records were published Tuesday in the 32nd edition of the American Meteorological …

How Pigs on Antibiotics Are Making Superbugs Stronger

Meanwhile, genome detective work could uncover new weapons in the war on bugs<p>Methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus,</i> (MRSA) a nasty strain of bacteria that resists most antibiotics, probably developed its defenses while spending time down on the farm, a new study says. It has been thought that …

Wells Are Running Dry In Parts Of Kansas

Imagine enough water to fill a couple of Great Lakes, but spread under some of the driest parts of eight Western states. That was the High Plains Aquifer 60 years ago.<p>But now, Nate Pike, whose been riding the dry rolling ranch lands south of Dodge City, Kan., for most of his 80 years, can't even go …

2012 one of 10 warmest years on record, report says

Arctic sea ice reaches record lows and greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports.<p>August 06, 2013|By Neela Banerjee<p>About 97% of Greenland's ice sheet melted last summer, far greater… (Joe Raedle / Getty Images )<p>WASHINGTON — Last year was …

Costa Rica To Close Its Zoos And Release Animals Into The Wild

The silky anteater, shown here, could be climbing trees in its native forests soon.<p>Costa Rican Environment Ministry officials yesterday announced the closing of its two national zoos, the Simon Bolivar zoo and Santa Ana Conservation Center. But they're not just shuttering; they're going to become …

Why rabbits have white tails

Why should an animal that wants to avoid being eaten have a bright white patch on its rump?<p>Rabbits are one of the many animals that have the …

Future drugs could target these intestine cells - Futurity

BROWN (US) — New research clarifies where and how the small intestine absorbs microspheres, which …

Medicine

Climate Change Could Spell Final 'Chuckle' For Alpine Frog

Across the Western U.S., yearly areas of snowpack are decreasing, and researchers are trying to figure out what that means for everything that relies on the snowmelt — from farms to power plants to a little creature known as the Cascades frog.<p>The frog lives way up in the mountains of the Northwest …

EPA Wants To Allow Continued Wastewater Dumping In Wyoming

The Environmental Protection Agency is proposing to let oil companies continue to dump polluted wastewater on the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming. This includes chemicals that companies add to the wells during hydraulic fracturing, an engineering practice that makes wells produce more oil.<p>An NPR …

What Makes Good Bacteria Go Bad? It's Not Them, It's You

Imagine a friend of a friend brings his family to stay with you — his family of tiny survivalists. For weeks or months you all live quietly side by side with no problems. You share meals. Your kids play together.<p>Then one day you get sick — maybe felled by a bad cold or the flu. Suddenly certain the …

Predicting zebra migrations from space

Using satellite rain and vegetation data, researchers track when and where arid lands begin to green, and anticipate if zebras will make the …

Matter over mind: scientists begin to observe and manipulate memories

New techniques could help with neurological disease, but how far should they go?<p>If we had the technology to rewire our brains to help remember certain things and forget others, it could help millions of people struggling with neurological conditions, from Alzheimer’s to post-traumatic stress …

Ups and downs for Lake Tahoe in 2012 - Futurity

UC DAVIS (US) — In 2012, the clarity in Lake Tahoe was better for the …

Earth's Life-Forms Collected to Aid in Genetic Research

The Smithsonian plans to create a huge bank of genetic samples to enable study of the planet's diversity through DNA sequencing.<p><b>It took a decade and nearly $3 billion to completely sequence the human genome. Now researchers at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History are helping to tackle</b> …

Stem cells: what happened to the radical breakthroughs?

Much was promised in the late 1990s, but the challenge of advances such as growing whole human organs has been difficult to deliver<p>It's 1998 and science is taking big strides. The first cloned mammal, Dolly the Sheep, has just had her first lamb; the first robotically assisted heart surgery has …

New immunity-boosting drug helps body kill cancer

A new type of drug that “revs up” the immune system to destroy cancer is being tested on humans for the first time.<p>Scientists at the University of Southampton have developed the treatment in an attempt to tackle cancers, such as those of the pancreas, head and neck, that are particularly hard to …

The Algae Is Coming, But Its Impact Is Felt Far From Water

Algae blooms are green or red or brown, slimy, smelly and you don't want it coming soon to a waterfront near you.<p>Most of us don't give a lot of thought to algae until the furry-like monstrosity is spreading over beaches, rivers, lakes and bays, but gigantic algae blooms have become an increasing …