Christopher Trammel

514 Added | 4 Magazines | 6 Likes | 11 Following | 9 Followers | @christophu70 | I am an IB History and TOK teacher in Salvador Brazil. 

The unsung heroes of the civil rights movement are black women you've never heard of

Alia E. Dastagir, USA TODAY<p>On that historic August day in 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. told us his dream. We didn't get to hear what the women of the civil rights movement dreamed of, because none spoke at length during the official program of the March on Washington.<p>Daisy Bates, a leader in the …

Black History

The Truth and Reconciliation challenge

When the apartheid regime was overthrown in South Africa, the problem of how to deal with the past remained.<p>After so many years of brutality, would punishing historic crimes against humanity threaten the future peace of the new Rainbow Nation?<p>The Truth and Reconciliation Commission aimed to help …

Africa

Big business is hijacking our radical past. We must stop it

Ram Trucks distorted a Martin Luther King sermon to sell its cars. This is how the establishment whitewashes history<p>In 1966, shortly before Martin Luther King branded America “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today” and insisted “capitalism forgets that life is social”, a Gallup poll …

Black History

12 days in Hue: An American advisor’s Tet Offensive experience, Part 1

A year ago, a visitor to the exhibition <i>The Price of Freedom: Americans at War</i> wrote me that an American advisor’s uniform from the Army of the …

Military

These chilling images of people caught trying to escape East Germany are portraits of desperation

They were forced to reenact their failed escapes<p>On the evening of January 15, 1990, about two months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, crowds began …

German History

Reclaiming Martin Luther King Jr.’s Radical Vision

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered an address, “Keep Moving from This Mountain,” at Spelman College’s annual Founders Day commemoration on April …

Black History

The Tet Offensive: What Were They Thinking?

The attack by North Vietnamese army and Viet Cong guerrilla forces in South Vietnam known as the Tet Offensive began fifty years ago on January 30th, …

Vietnam

Lost In Translation: The Power Of Language To Shape How We View The World

If you're bilingual or multilingual, you may have noticed that the different languages you speak will make you stretch in different ways.<p>Languages like Spanish or French require you to remember the gender assigned to every noun, even inanimate objects. Uttering a sentence as simple as "I read the …

Language Learning

A Vietnam War photographer captured the bloody Tet offensive. Fifty years later, he bears witness again.

John Olson can barely remember taking the photograph.<p>He snapped it, at age 20, during one of the bloodiest battles of the Tet offensive, a series of simultaneous attacks that began Jan. 30, 1968, and led to the most sustained fighting in the Vietnam War.<p>The picture — the most important he’s ever …

Vietnam

52 Places to Go in 2018

A starter kit for escaping into the world.

How Second-Wave Feminism Inexplicably Became a Villain in the #MeToo Debate

In a recent article for Jezebel, Stassa Edwards wrote that “[t]he backlash to #MeToo is indeed here and it is liberal second-wave feminism.” Her …

Feminism

How to Spot a Communist Using Literary Criticism: A 1955 Manual from the U.S. Military

In 1955, the United States was entering the final stages of McCarthyism or the Second Red Scare. During this low point in American history, the US …

Communist Party

Photographer Captures Busy But Beautiful City Streets Unique to Tokyo

Photographer Tatsuto Shibata (known as _deepsky on Instagram) is known for his ability to capture the spirit of modern Tokyo. From the chaotic main avenues to quiet side streets, Shibata's photographs show just how multi-faceted the metropolis really is.<p>Even oft-photographed spaces, such as the …

Japan

How the Tet Offensive Undermined American Faith in Government

Fifty years ago, the January 1968 battle laid bare the way U.S. leaders had misled the public about the war in Vietnam.<p>When Americans wince upon hearing presidents make proclamations about foreign policy, the legacy of the 1968 Tet Offensive looms large.<p>On January 30, at the start of the sacred …

Political Science

50 Years Ago in Photos: A Look Back at 1968

A half-century ago, much of the world appeared to be in a state of crisis. Protests erupted in France, Czechoslovakia. Germany, Mexico, Brazil, the United States, and many other places. Some of these protests ended peacefully; many were put down harshly. Two of the biggest catalysts for protest …

Black History

A Mexican artist is painting the 'world's longest mural' on the US-Mexico border wall — take a look

As the Trump administration seeks $18 billion over the next decade to more than double the length of the US-Mexico border fencing, one artist has another plan for the barriers.<p>Mexican artist Enrique Chiu is working to cover the existing border wall in colorful murals. His ultimate goal is to paint …

Mexico

What History And Fiction Teach Us About Women And Power

Two recent books, one a manifesto by British classicist and Cambridge professor Mary Beard, the other a work of fiction by novelist and game designer Naomi Alderman, address — in different ways — the difficult relationship between women and power.<p>When are women's voices heard? When and how do women …

The Playful, Political Art of Sanford Biggers

An under-sung artist upends received ideas about race and history.<p>Three years ago, on a Saturday in spring, I wandered into a humid gallery just south of Canal Street. On display was a group exhibition called “Black Eye,” which included works by an impressive roster of established and emerging …

This Week 50 Years Ago: An Eclectic News Digest

Riots on the Sunset Strip, firefighters in asbestos suits, economic change in apartheid South Africa, a standoff with a territorial woodchopper, and more<p>Fifty years ago this week, Viet Cong guerrillas charged a U.S. base on New Year’s Day, killing at least 26 soldiers; Americans learned that a …

Sweden

Operation Mongoose: The Story of America's Efforts to Overthrow Castro

And how they helped seal America’s fate in Vietnam<p>In the early 1960s, at the dawn of the Kennedy administration, Edward Lansdale had an enviable reputation as a can-do covert-action specialist. An advertising executive turned air force officer and CIA operative, he had in the early 1950s …

Cuba

1968 and the Making of Modern America

One of the most momentous years in U.S. history began a half-century ago today. Join us in exploring it for the next 12 months, starting with these newspaper clippings to whet your appetite.<p>1968 began 50 years ago today.<p>Before it ended, Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy would be …

Charles de Gaulle

Korean War, a ‘Forgotten’ Conflict That Shaped the Modern World

The Korean War has been called “the Forgotten War” in the United States, where coverage of the 1950s conflict was censored and its memory decades later is often overshadowed by World War II and the Vietnam War.<p>But the three-year conflict in Korea, which pitted communist and capitalist forces …

North Korea

Two little-known events in Texas that threatened the progression of the Civil Rights movement.

The Mansfield Crisis and restrictions on the NAACP are often forgotten in the story of school desegregation.<p>Most Americans have learned, or at least …

Photographers Gain Entry into Traditional African Village Where Every House Is a Work of Art

Nestled at the base of a hill, overlooking the Savannah, lies Tiébélé—an African village in Burkina Faso. First settled in the 15th Century, the 1.2-hectare commune is home to the Kassena people, their chief, and royal court—together making up one of oldest ethnic groups in Burkina Faso. In 2009, …

The Best Drone Photos of the Year

See winning photographs from the fourth annual Dronestagram contest.<p>Photographers across the globe are taking to the sky, using drones to capture eye-catching images not so easily documented once before.<p>To distinguish this work, the fourth annual international Dronestagram contest is recognizing …

Nature Photography

Here Come The Penitent Penguins: The Comedy Wildlife Photo Awards Are Back

Penitent penguins. A seal aghast. A turbocharged wigeon, a vain gnu and a kickboxing kangaroo.<p>The Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards are back. This year's winners were announced Thursday morning.<p>The annual awards are "ingeniously titled to avoid any confusion," according to their website, and …

A Look at the Heart-Wrenching Moments From Equal Rights Battles

The 54-mile march for voting rights from Selma to Alabama’s state capital, Montgomery, took more than good legs and sturdy shoes. It took defying the police, who ambushed hundreds of men, women and children — on a bridge named for a Klu Klux Klan leader — and beat them bloody. It took a court order …

Black History

Bizarre, Enormous 16th-Century Map Assembled for First Time

The largest known world map of its time—made of 60 individual sheets—can finally be seen as the mapmaker intended.<p>This colorful and intricately detailed map from 1587 is more than nine feet by nine feet when fully assembled. For the last 430 years, its 60 individual sheets were bound together as an …

Southern Ocean

Mainstreaming Black Power: A New Book on the Black Power Movement

<i>This post is part of our blog series that announces the publication of selected new books in African American History and African Diaspora Studies.</i> …

Yes, the CIA Flew U-2 Spy Planes From Aircraft Carriers

<b>By Steve Weintz</b><p>On May 1, 1960, the Soviet Union shot down a CIA U-2 spy plane and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers. It was an international …