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A century on, why are we forgetting the deaths of 100 million?

The 1918 Spanish flu outbreak killed more people than both world wars. Don’t imagine such a thing could never happen again<p>This year marks a century since some women got the vote; a century since the end of the first world war; 50 years since the 1968 revolts; 70 since the founding of Israel and the …

Disease

Horses Found in Pompeii May Have Been Harnessed to Flee Eruption

Several horses recently discovered in a 2,000-year-old stable appear frozen in a failed flight to safety from the eruption of Vesuvius.<p>A horse recently found trapped in the ashes of a suburban Pompeii villa was just the tip of the equestrian iceberg. Since that discovery was announced last week, …

Archaeology

These Are the Brilliant Defense Mechanisms Medieval Castles Used to Protect Themselves

Picture this: it's the Middle Ages, and you're one of the lucky few that gets to call a castle home. Unfortunately, the problem with owning a castle …

Castles

Siege Warfare in Medieval Europe

Siege tactics were a crucial part of medieval warfare, especially from the 11th century CE when castles became more widespread in Europe and sieges …

Ancient History

The Most Badass Latin Phrases

Want to impress your friends with your erudite ways? Eager to utter completely vicious phrases that people will have to look up later? Looking for a …

Ancient History

What's the Difference Between Magma and Lava?

And why do some volcanoes explode and others only ooze? It all comes down to their gooey centers.<p>Hawaii's Kilauea volcano keeps erupting with syrupy lava flows, serving as a fiery reminder of nature's destructive power. But as the ongoing eruption captures headlines, a question might occur to you: …

Geology

NASA Technology Uncovers Never-Before-Seen Text on Dead Sea Scrolls

They raise the possibility of a "still unknown manuscript."<p>In 1947, in a cave one mile west of the Dead Sea, a Bedouin shepherd stumbled upon large …

Archaeology

What Did Ancient Romans Do Without Toilet Paper?

We’ve all been caught unawares by our digestive tract at one time or another.<p>It happened to the Nash family several months ago. We were nearing the …

These GIFs are returning crumbled ancient ruins back to their former glory

When you go on holiday to countries like Egypt, Crypus or Greece, chances are that you want to take in a bit of local ancient history.<p>After all, …

Did Tutankhamun fight in battle? Scientists find damaged armour suggesting 'sickly' boy-king may have actually led Egypt into war

Tutankhamun may have fought in battle and led Egypt to war, new research has found - suggesting he was not merely a sickly boy-king<p>Specialised …

The Nazis fooled the world for 16 days in 1936—and we’re allowing it to happen again

During just 16 days in 1936, Adolf Hitler reinvigorated the Nazi party in one of his most successful propaganda coups—hosting the Olympic games in Berlin. Using the sporting event as a platform to shape the party’s image in a more favorable light, Hitler had “every reason to be satisfied” after he …

Edible archaeology: recreating Pompeii's bread

Farrell Monaco researches and recreates recipes from ancient history. Her culinary exploration ranges from cheese made to Roman farmer Columella's …

Archaeology

Jury is still out on Julius Caesar’s killing

Today is the Ides of March, anniversary of Caesar’s murder, but was it a bloody betrayal or the noble assassination of a tyrant?

Ancient History

These Are 23 of the Oldest Words Ever Spoken

Telling someone "those eyebrows are on fleek" would've been complete nonsense five years ago. (Maybe it's still nonsense to you today. No judgment.) …

How Native American Slaveholders Complicate the Trail of Tears Narrative

When you think of the Trail of Tears, you likely imagine a long procession of suffering Cherokee Indians forced westward by a villainous Andrew …

Discovering Gilgamesh, the World’s First Action Hero

A self-taught scholar was responsible for finding the world’s first epic myth hidden among broken clay tablets in the British Museum.<p>Recovered from Nineveh in the late 19th century, shattered clay tablets covered in indecipherable writing held one of the world’s greatest treasures. Locked within …

Archaeology

The Garfield Assassination Altered American History, But Is Woefully Forgotten Today

When President James A. Garfield was shot in the back by an assassin on July 2, 1881, the news electrified the country. Garfield was entering the …

Williams College

Largest Collection Of Ancient Surgical Tools Was Found Here, Not At Pompeii

For well-preserved artifacts from the Roman world, most people think immediately of Pompeii. Destroyed almost in an instant in the first century AD by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, Pompeii certainly preserves numerous vestiges of daily life. But for the largest collection of ancient surgical tools, …

Archaeology

Is It Time for a Reassessment of Malcolm X?

The voice of Malcolm X is like a baritone saxophone—powerful, full, and deep with a gravely gravitas that demands your attention. What better …

White Settlers Buried the Truth About the Midwest’s Mysterious Mound Cities

Around 1100 or 1200 A.D., the largest city north of Mexico was Cahokia, sitting in what is now southern Illinois, across the Mississippi River from …

This is why 'lb' stands for 'pound'

I know every fact on the internet is described as mind-blowing but this actually is.<p>Most measuring abbreviations are pretty straightforward ('tbsp' for tablespoon, 'cm' for centimetre, you get the gist).<p>But there's one major exception: 'lb' for pound – what?!<p>People are always talking about losing …

Ancient Rome

Animals Dropped Dead Inside Roman 'Gate to Hell.' Scientists Just Figured Out Why

Two millennia ago, a small Greco-Roman temple in present-day Turkey awed and enthralled its residents. Just beyond its stone gate, in a grotto …

Ancient cave paintings turn out to be by Neanderthals, not modern humans

A new analysis shows ancient cave paintings were too old to have been painted by modern humans<p>A new discovery that Neanderthals were painting cave walls more than 64,000 years ago has anthropologists rethinking the history of art. Found deep in Spanish caves, the rock art was once thought to be the …

The Entire Civil War Animated Map

More Animated Maps<p>Join t Fight<p>Donate today to preserve Civil War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come.<p>48,000<p>ACRES SAVED<p>The …

An Artist’s Searing Parody of Restoration Hardware Highlights the Racial Implications of Luxury Design

The kind of tone-deaf élitism—and implicit racism—with which today’s on-trend décor, clothing, and gadgetry are conceived and marketed is not lost on millennials. Parodies of hyper-refined brands like Kinfolk and self-conscious neighborhoods like the twenty-tens Lower East Side—home to …

Rare Roman boxing gloves found near Hadrian's Wall

Leather bands dating from AD120 are thought to be only known surviving examples<p>Roman boxing gloves have been discovered near Hadrian’s Wall, thought to be the only known surviving examples, even though the sport was well- documented on Roman wall paintings, mosaics and sculptures.<p>With a protective …

Archaeology

Secret to Great Pyramid's Near-Perfect Alignment Possibly Found

Though it's slightly lopsided, the towering Great Pyramid of Giza is an ancient feat of engineering, and now an archaeologist has figured out how the …

10 Things You Should Know About The Battle Of Thermopylae

Popular culture has been kind to the historical episode of the Battle of Thermopylae, but with romanticized anecdotes intertwined between the actual …

Rediscovering the Blazingly Bright Colors of Ancient Sculptures

And why most of us grew up believing classical sculpture is white.<p>In 1811, a group of English and German scholars happened upon the Aphaia Temple, on …

Little more than 70 years ago, Italians were the poverty-stricken immigrants from an “undesirable” country

More than 600,000 Italians who had immigrated to the U.S. were classified as “enemy aliens.” They were subject to curfew and property seizure; some …

U.S. Department of Justice