Jose Ruben

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Hawaii Declares Its Neutrality In The American Civil War

<b>Hawaii Declares Its Neutrality In The American Civil War</b><p><b>The Hawaiian Kingdom’s declaration of neutrality was published in the official Government newspaper, The Polynesian, September 14, 1861, twenty days after it was signed. No explanation was given for the delay.</b><b><br>The Polynesian 14 September 1861, 3.</b><p>The discussion of neutrality versus partisanship had to include the reality that the Hawaiian kingdom had no standing army, and most importantly, no navy to protect its harbors if supporting either …

September 7, 1533: Elizabeth I is born

<b>September 7, 1533: Elizabeth I is born.</b><p>The future Queen Elizabeth I, the last monarch of the Tudor Dynasty, was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was executed in 1536. By the Second Succession Act, passed by Parliament that same year, she and her half-sister Mary were removed from the line of succession, although both were returned to the line by the Third Succession Act; though she was an illegitimate child for most of her early childhood, Elizabeth enjoyed …

Your 60-second guide to the battle of Flodden

The battle of Flodden, which took place on 9 September 1513, is one of the bloodiest battles in British history. The Anglo-Scottish clash proved a …


Incensario<p>Mayan<p>Date: circa 200-600<p>North Carolina Museum of Art

Standing Female Deity or Deity Impersonator

Standing Female Deity or Deity Impersonator<p>Vera Cruz<p>Date: circa 600-900<p>North Carolina Museum of Art

Henry Monroe was a 13-year-old drummer boy with the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment

<b>Henry Monroe was a 13-year-old drummer boy with the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment</b><p>When they stormed a Confederate fort in a heroic but futile assault that killed hundreds from the first African-American unit formed in the North and its commander, Robert Gould Shaw.<p><i>“Like a slumbering volcano,” he wrote years later, Fort Wagner in South Carolina “awoke to action and poured forth sheets of flame from ten thousand rebel fires, and earth and heaven shook with the roar of a hundred</i> …

The Slave Mother-

<b>The Slave Mother-</b><p>Heard you that shriek? It rose<br>So wildly on the air,<br>It seem’d as if a burden’d heart<br>Was breaking in despair.<p>Saw you those hands so sadly clasped—<br>The bowed and feeble head—<br>The shuddering of that fragile form—<br>That look of grief and dread?<p>Saw you the sad, imploring eye?<br>Its every glance was pain,<br>As if a storm of agony<br>Were sweeping through the brain.<p>She is a mother pale with fear,<br>Her boy clings to her side,<br>And in her kyrtle vainly tries<br>His trembling form to hide.<p>He is not hers, …

Confederate Hair Relic

An arrangement of artificial flowers fashioned from the hair of Confederate heroes is affixed to a satin backing in this so-called National relic. Jeannetta E. Conrad of Harrisonburg, Virginia, constructed this piece in the midst of the Civil War, using strands of hair that she obtained through the help of Mrs. Robert E. Lee. In the Victorian era women frequently made relics out of hair and wire to commemorate the beloved dead. In this case, Conrad created a kind of shrine to the Confederacy …

Dutch Gap, Virginia. Picket Station of Colored Troops Near Dutch Gap Canal in November of 1864

• <b>Dutch Gap, Virginia. Picket Station of Colored Troops Near Dutch Gap Canal in November of 1864</b><br>• The United States Colored Troops (USCT) was a branch of the United States Army founded in 1863 to recruit, organize, and oversee the service of African American soldiers during the American Civil War (1861–1865). USCT regiments consisted of black enlisted men led in almost all cases by white officers. By the end of the Civil War, more than 185,000 men had served in the USCT, including more than 178,000 …

Swearing in Native American Recruits Civil War, 1861

<b>During the Civil War, there was no distinction made when a Native American joined the U.S. Colored Troops.</b><p>Well into the twentieth century, the word “colored” included not only African Americans, but Native Americans as well. Individual accounts revealed that many Pequot from New England served in the 31st U.S. Colored Infantry of the Army of the Potomac, as well as other U.S.C.T. regiments.<p>Source: W. David Baird et al. 2009. “"We are all Americans”, Native Americans in the Civil War

Native American southwestern dance kilt with cone noisemakers

Native American southwestern dance kilt with cone noisemakers<p>ca. 1900<p>Gregg Museum of Art and Design

A Photo Study of Civil War Soldiers-The American Civil War was the most cruel, most brutal, and most painful one in American history

<b>A Photo Study of Civil War Soldiers-The American Civil War was the most cruel, most brutal, and most painful one in American history</b><p>Close ups of the faces of the men and boys that fought in the civil war, for some of us, they are our 3rd great grandfathers, they aren’t the scowling statues of equestrian superheroes that glorify war — these are real men and boys in arguably the most harrowing circumstances imaginable.<p>It is impossible for us in our time to comprehend the full horror and …

September 1, 1939: The Invasion of Poland begins

One week after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, a treaty of non-aggression between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, German forces launched an attack against Poland. Preceding events like the occupation of the Rhineland, the Anschluss, the Munich Agreement, and overall the gradual revitalization of all parts of the German military (despite restrictions placed by the Treaty of Versailles) bode ill for Europe, but World War II is considered to have officially begun with the invasion …

“Population must increase…

“Population must increase rapidly—more rapidly than in former times—and ere long the most valuable of all arts will be the art of deriving a comfortable subsistence from the smallest area of soil.”<p>~Abraham Lincoln<p>….Profound

World War II - the European Theatre (September 1, 1939 - May 8, 1945)

<b>World War II - the European Theatre</b> (September 1, 1939 - May 8, 1945)<p><i>and the story does suggest</i><i><br>a part 2 to the Turing Test:</i><i><br>1. can machines behave like humans?</i><i><br>2. can we?</i>


Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, Latin 1156B, detail of f. 165r (St Michael and the devil). <i>Book of Hours, use of Rome</i> (15th century)


Seated Male<p>Colima<p>Mexico<p>100 BC- 300 AD<p>This figure-as-vessel features a seated male of commanding presence. The dark red-slipped figure portrays a man with confident visage in a straightforward, commanding seated position. His hornlike protrusion is tied to his head with embellished (embroidered?) cloth straps, and his hip wrap is equally well decorated. He also sports an elaborate necklace of large shells. The horned element atop the figure’s forehead suggests other interpretations, particularly …


<i>Rock Eagle Effigy Mound,</i> an archaeological site located in Putnam County, Georgia, USA. It is estimated to have been constructed 1,000-3,000 years ago.<p>A local sign near the site reads:<p>A stone mound believed to have been constructed by pre-historic Indians before Columbus discovered America. The mound is composed of a bird in flight with its head turned toward the east and wings outspread. It measures 102 feet from head to tail and 120 feet from wingtip to wingtip, while the body rises to about …


Marriage Chest (Cassone)<p>1345-1354<p>The figured on this marriage chest all link to courtly romances. They include a lovers’ tryst by the fountain of love, a rider with a falcon, and a queen on horseback brandishing a scourge. The gowns, with sleeves trailing from the elbow, were the height of fashion in the 1350s.<p>Italy, probably Florence or Siena<p>Poplar wood, with painted canvas, tin leaf and figures moulded in gesso, reinforced with iron bands<p>Victoria and Albert Museum<p>Photos taken by me on August …


“QUIET PLEASE. WAR WORKER RESTING, 1941 - 1945”<p>Resting up? Cookout? Hike? What are your Labor Day plans?


Vili<p>Republic of the Congo<p>Power Figure (Nkisi Nkondi), Early/mid-19th century<p>Art Institute Chicago