Baris Purut

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Deepwater Horizon: Gulf of Mexico 'deep-cleaned' itself

<b>New details have emerged about "self-cleaning" effects in the Gulf of Mexico witnessed in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.</b><p>Researchers reporting at the American Chemical Society conference revealed details of a cascade of micro-organisms that spring into action to degrade oil.<p>Research …

Oil & Gas Industry

Readings from NASA's Curiosity rover show how Mars is losing its air

Scientists say new readings from NASA's Curiosity rover have confirmed how Mars lost its once-thick atmosphere.<p>The measurements from Curiosity's Sample Analysis at Mars instrument, or SAM, provide fresh support for the view that a high-velocity stream of electrically charged particles from the sun …

Environmental change 'triggers rapid evolution'

Researchers were surprised how quickly the mites evolved as a result of environmental changes<p><b>Changes to their surroundings can trigger "rapid evolution" in species as they adopt traits to help them survive in the new conditions, a study shows.</b><p>Studying soil mites in a laboratory, researchers found …

Biology

5 Tremendous Telescopes of the Future

In the coming decade and beyond, new telescopes on mountaintops and in orbit will reveal the birth of galaxies, locate (possibly) habitable worlds orbiting other stars, and track asteroids that might impact Earth.<p>In the coming decade and beyond, new telescopes on mountaintops and in orbit will …

US navy laser cannon shoots down drone during testing - video

Footage released by the US navy shows a powerful laser cannon shoot down a drone aircraft during testing. The new weapon, known as the Laser Weapon …

In pictures: Ultra-light material

Chinese researchers create “carbon aerogel” – a material so light that slender blades of grass will bear its weight without bending.

Engineering

New material can halt runny liquids on demand

<b>A tent that blocks light on a sunny day and becomes transparent and waterproof on a dim, rainy one could be an outcome of work by US scientists.</b><p>The new material can change between two states when stretched, altering both its transparency and its roughness.<p>The team from Harvard's Wyss Institute have …

Nanotech

New 3D laser scanner can capture objects over half a mile away

3D laser-scanning is nothing new, but a group of physicists at Heriot-Watt University in Scotland have just announced some notable improvements to the technology. The researchers have developed a new time-of-flight (ToF) 3D camera system that can capture laser pulses from so-called "uncooperative" …

Deadly quake in south-west Iran's Bushehr province

<b>A 6.3 magnitude earthquake has killed at least 37 people and injured 850 in south-west Iran, officials say.</b><p>Rescue teams have been sent to the affected area, but darkness is hampering rescue operations.<p>The quake struck 90km (60 miles) south of the country's only nuclear power station in Bushehr, the …

Natural Disasters

How high up do meteors start glowing?

Meteors begin to glow almost as soon as they hit Earth’s atmosphere, but tend to vaporize (burn up completely) at varying altitudes.<p>Meteors in annual …

Astronomy

FDA investigating safety of widely-used surgical robot following increased incident reports

The FDA is investigating the safety of a surgical robot that was used in 367,000 procedures last year, following the documentation of a slew of potentially dangerous errors, reports the <i>Associated Press</i>. Intuitive Surgical's da Vinci system, a three- or four- armed robot remotely controlled by …

To survive, sea urchins evolve in a snap - Futurity

STANFORD (US) — Some purple sea urchins are able to evolve rapidly, which should come …

Ice Age bowhead whales' survival surprises scientists

BBC Nature<p>Ancient DNA shows that bowhead whales bucked the trend and survived the last Ice Age, say scientists.<p>The demise of cold-adapted land mammals such as mammoths has been linked to rising temperatures around 11,000 years ago.<p>But researchers were surprised to find a contrasting population boom …

Ice Age

Bogus Academic Conferences Lure Scientists

Because fake scientific journals weren't gnarly enough.<p>If you build it, they will come. And someone, somewhere, is going to try to scam some money out of it.<p>The "it" in this case is open-access journal publishing. Open-access means that anyone can read them without having to navigate a paywall. …

Kids 'get' grammar as young as age 2 - Futurity

U. PENNSYLVANIA (US) — When they first learn to speak, children as young as 2 …

Google Searches For Mental Illnesses Increase During The Winter

A new study suggests seasonal changes have a much bigger impact on mental health than previously thought.<p>Psychiatrists have known about seasonal affective disorder--a mood disorder in which otherwise healthy people experience depression during the winter or heightened anxiety during the …

Bacteria armed with toxic tips kill rivals - Futurity

UC SANTA BARBARA (US) — A mysterious type of protein found in bacteria and other …

WIRED Space Photo of the Day 2013 | WIRED

Jan. 19, 2014: Solar X-Flare<p>The largest sunspot group of the solar cycle unleashed a large (X1.2 class) flare just when it was facing right towards …

Opinion: Too Early to Panic Over Bird Flu

New virus is lethal, but flu viruses are always unpredictable, author says.<p><b>Editor's note: David Quammen is a contributing writer for National Geographic and the author of many books. His most recent, Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic, appeared last fall.</b><p>A deadly new kind of …

How Popular Tourist Destinations Will Look Submerged In 25 Feet Of Water

Bring a bathing suit, kids, we're going to the Jefferson Memorial.<p>Climate change is going to ruin our vacations. Not only will it likely make our flights more uncomfortable, but our favorite destinations could be underwater--in a few hundred years anyway. Inspired by <i>The New York Times</i>'s interactive …

Monkey Calls Could Offer Clues For Origin Of Human Speech

Melissa Block talks with researcher Thore Bergman about his findings that a rare type of Ethiopian monkey, the gelada, makes a human-like sound that could offer insights into the evolution of human speech.<p>Transcript<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:<p>This is not the sound of the ALL THINGS CONSIDERED staff morning …

Volcanoes on early Mars likely kept it toasty - Futurity

BROWN (US) —When giant volcanoes were active early in Mars’ history, the planet may have …

Melanoma cases rise among kids, teens - Futurity

WASHINGTON U. – ST. LOUIS (US) — The incidence of melanoma among children and teens …

Scientists Discover Evidence Of Dark Lightning

Thunderstorms may emit invisible dark lightning alongside ordinary lightning.<p>Though its name sounds better suited to fantasy or sci-fi, researchers have recently gathered evidence that something called dark lightning exists, the Washington Post reported.<p>Like any evil twin, dark lightning appears to …

Poop in space revisited: Apollo 10's floating turds pop up 44 years later

Bathroom rituals in outer space are a perennial favorite, particularly when they go wrong — as evidenced by the latest wave of hilarity over the runaway poop that prompted rude remarks during the Apollo 10 round-the-moon mission in 1969.<p>A 500-page-plus transcript of the declassified mission log …

Monkey ‘wobble’ works like small talk - Futurity

U. MICHIGAN (US) — The rhythmic vocal sounds wild gelada monkeys make by smacking their …

Genetically Modified Rat Is Promising Model For Alzheimer's

A rat with some human genes could provide a better way to test Alzheimer's drugs.<p>The genetically modified rat is the first rodent model to exhibit the full range of brain changes found in Alzheimer's, researchers report in <i>The Journal of Neuroscience</i>.<p>"It's a big step forward" for drug development, …

Building A Better Bed Bug Trap

New research shows that tiny hairs on bean leaves impale the pests through the feet. A synthetic version may eventually add to the anti-bed bug arsenal.<p>An old folk remedy involving hairy bean leaves strewn around the bedroom may have a new life as a modern bed bug trap, according to new research …

Fusion rocket researchers envision 30-day trip to Mars

Will rockets powered by fusion eventually make interplanetary travel commonplace?<p>Human travel to another planet is a long-held dream. But, even in …

New US science education plan includes evolution and climate change

Public elementary and high school classes across the US should be teaching students about evolution, climate change, renewable energy and the Big Bang, subjects that some science classes don't currently offer because some people find them controversial. But all of these and more are recommended in …