veda santiaji

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Maori Conservationists Using Traditional Boats to Save Oceans

Churning seas, courtesy of Cyclone Gita, crash against the sides of our traditional double-hulled Polynesian sailing vessel, known as a <i>waka</i> in the Maori language. With a crew of 12 Maori community members and three scientists, including me, on board, the waka <i>Te Matau a Maui</i> is heading along the …

New Game Asks Players to Clean the Ocean of Plastic

It also highlights pressing issues like warming oceans and coral bleaching.<p>Developers of the popular smartphone game “Dumb Ways to Die” are highlighting what they say is another dumb way to bring an end. The new game “Dumb Ways to Kill the Ocean” highlights three big issues facing the world's …

For Cash and Pride, Replanting Canada's Forests by the Millions

Picture Stories<p>Each year, twentysomethings from all over the world take on one of the most grueling yet satisfying summer jobs imaginable.<p>Luc Forsyth can’t decide which memories best illustrate the glorious hardship of his six seasons as a tree planter in Canada.<p>Maybe it was his first day, when his …

Turtle Trafficker Sentenced, But Suspected Mastermind Still Not Charged

Vietnamese man trading endangered hawksbill turtles was sentenced to more than four years in prison. The alleged kingpin has yet to be brought to justice.<p>More than three years after he turned himself in to authorities, a Vietnamese man convicted of trading critically endangered sea turtles has been …

Meet the "Queen of Mantas"

TravelExplorers Festival<p>This conservation biologist shares her preferred places to spot mantas.<p>“Queen of Mantas” Andrea Marshall has studied the graceful swimmers for more than a decade. From her base on Tofo Beach, Mozambique, this National Geographic emerging explorer and manta ray ambassador …

Here’s What It Really Means to Become a National Geographic Explorer

These scientists, conservationists, storytellers, and educators are changing the world.<p>Erin Spencer was an undergraduate studying marine ecology when she got the news. Dizzy with excitement and ready to shout from the rooftops, Spencer ran to her mentor’s office.<p>“I burst in and told her I had …

These Fish Keep Forests Alive—And Fishing Threatens Them

Video<p>Scientists have found that many South American forests rely on large fish to transport their seeds—and that may put them at risk.<p>Video<p>If the forests of South America are the world’s lungs, their rivers and wetlands must be its veins and arteries. This is the most diverse continent when it …

These Communities Turn Discarded Fishing Nets Into Carpets

Explorer Heather Koldewey is helping people in the Philippines and beyond clean up ocean plastic, starting with ghost nets.<p>The Danajon Bank in the central Philippines was once a geologic treasure chest brimming with marine life. It is the only double barrier reef in the Philippines and one of only …

Discover the Mysteries of Easter Island

TravelWorld Heritage<p>The isolated Rapa Nui developed a distinct architectural and artistic culture that weathered the centuries.<p>TravelWorld Heritage<p>Rapa Nui’s mysterious <i>moai</i> statues stand in silence but speak volumes about the achievements of their creators. The stone blocks, carved into …

Virunga National Park Sees Its Worst Violence in a Decade, Director Says

Wildlife Watch<p>Gunmen recently killed five rangers and a driver—the park’s deadliest attack in recent history.<p>Emmanuel de Merode’s flight had just landed when he switched on his cell phone and learned the news, by now all too familiar for the director of Virunga National Park: Another of the more …

Meet the Next Generation of National Geographic Explorers

Explorers Festival<p>These six Explorers are using conservation, photography, science, and innovation to better understand our world and work toward improving it.<p>Community. That’s the word you’ll hear National Geographic Explorers emphasize when explaining what they love most about their work as …

Why the Iceland National Team Has So Many Polish Fans

World Cup 2018<p>For many Polish natives, this island nation is their second home.<p>Among the dedicated fans who will be filling Reykjavík’s squares, parks, and pubs to cheer on Iceland during its first-ever FIFA World Cup appearance is a surprising group: native Poles for whom Iceland is their second …

The Ocean Is Getting More Acidic—What That Actually Means

Thanks to carbon emissions, the ocean is changing, and that is putting a whole host of marine organisms at risk. These scientists are on the front lines.<p>Grace Saba steadies herself on the back of a gently rocking boat as she and her crew slide a six-foot long yellow torpedo into the sea. A cheer …

Marine Protected Areas Are Important. But Are They Working?

Explorers Festival<p>The world won't meet international ocean conservation targets by 2020, so a team of scientists is looking at what's next for saving our seas.<p>You can think of a marine protected area like a boost of vitamin C taken at the onset of a cold. It may not cure you, but it can help you …

Surf the Waves in Bali, Indonesia

There are still hidden gems at this popular surfing destination.<p>There is a reason why surfers flock to Bali, Indonesia, in the winter. "The swells are really clean most of the time because they travel so far from South Africa to get there," Navarro says. "The waves just break perfect." And there …

Why Salmon Eating Insects Instead of Fish Is Better for Environment

Companies in Europe have developed new kinds of feed for salmon farms that could help the environment—if they can scale up quickly.<p>Researchers in the Netherlands have come up with a new, more sustainable way to feed salmon that are grown in aquaculture environments: insects.<p>Most of the salmon that …

Leading Wildlife Trade Investigator Violently Killed in Kenya

Esmond Bradley Martin put decades of landmark research into helping to end the slaughter of elephants and rhinos.<p>Esmond Bradley Martin, one of the world’s most highly regarded wildlife trade researchers, was found dead Sunday by his wife at his home in Nairobi, Kenya, with a stab wound to his neck, …

Growing Population of Crayfish Has One Female Ancestor

The new species reproduces by cloning itself and is entirely female.<p>It all began with one female.<p>A slough crayfish was fished from the Everglades in the U.S. and taken to an insect fair in 1995 where a hobbyist bought it. Then, for reasons unknown, that slough crayfish became a new species called a …

These Tiny Scales Make Sharks Incredibly Fast. Can They Help Us Build Better Planes?

The scales of shortfin makos, the fastest species of shark, could guide the design of aerial vehicles in the future.<p>With more than 400 million years of evolution behind them, sharks have adapted to move quickly through water. Shortfin makos are the fastest sharks in the ocean, clocking speeds of up …

Snapping Shrimp 'Dinner Bell' May Tell Gray Whales When to Eat

The racket created by snapping shrimp could be one of the factors drawing eastern Pacific gray whales to the waters off the Oregon coast.<p>Do you ever wish you could just snap your fingers and have dinner ready? Well, that dream is kind of a reality for one species of whale.<p>Snapping shrimp are the …

Elusive Blue Whale Behavior Revealed by Their Songs

By analyzing thousands of calls from more than 100 whales over 14 years, scientists are learning how these secretive beasts spend their time.<p>The biggest animal to ever live is also the loudest, and it likes to sing at sunset, babble into the night, talk quietly with those nearby, and shout to …

Dramatic Whale Hunts Depicted in Ancient Rock Art

The paintings match historical artifacts that suggest hunters set out on small boats with makeshift harpoons.<p>Using makeshift harpoons and rafts, a hunter spears a large whale.<p>It would have been a welcome kill for hunter-gatherers living in one of the world's driest regions, Chile's Atacama Desert, …

Hunter Gatherers

These Bizarre Sea Creatures May Help Save Coral Reefs—If They Survive

Despite the ongoing plunder of the world’s sea cucumbers, the U.S. seems set on barring inspections of their exports.<p>Sea cucumbers aren’t cucumbers at all. But they share one thing with their terrestrial namesake: You can eat them.<p>That’s why a study released online on February 19 is disturbing. It …

Ocean Refuge the Size of Great Britain Announced

The new conservation measure will protect Seychelles from illegal fishing for generations to come.<p>The government of the Seychelles has created two new marine protected areas in the country's remote Indian Ocean archipelago. The sanctioned areas will cover more than 81,000 square miles—a swath of …

Industrial Fishing Occupies a Third of the Planet

Using satellite data recently made public, conservationists may be able to manage the massive industry.<p>How do you study the world's more widespread predator? By spying from space.<p>When a team of researchers set out to see how prevalent industrial fishing was around the world—who was fishing where …

Straw Wars: The Fight to Rid the Oceans of Discarded Plastic

Americans use 500 million straws daily. Citizen activists want to shrink that number.<p>Of the eight million tons of plastic trash that flow every year into the world’s oceans, the plastic drinking straw is surely not a top contributor to all that tonnage.<p>Yet this small, slender tube, utterly …

New Species of Shark Discovered in Deep Sea

The discovery of the Atlantic sixgill shark teaches us more about sharks as a whole, and could help with future conservation efforts.<p>Sharks are a mysterious, understudied group of animals. Sometimes, our fear of them prevents us from getting too close. Other times, the ocean dwellers are simply out …

How Some U.S. Ape Sanctuaries Fail Their Animals and Staff

Staff complaints at a chimp sanctuary whose founder had no formal training in primate care point to problems compounded by weak oversight.<p>Kaleigh Rhoads recalls that cloudy afternoon in May 2015. She’d just picked up a new intern from the airport when she received a disturbing call: A chimp named …

These Wildlife Photographers are Merging Storytelling and Science

Cristina Mittermeier and Paul Nicklen are working to create and protect healthy oceans through powerful imagery.<p>In December 2017, Cristina Mittermeier and Paul Nicklen released a video on their social media channels as well as through National Geographic of a starving polar bear in the Canadian …

Wave Riding Meets Conservation at This Surfer's Global Nonprofit

Emi Koch is bringing surfing to children around the world in an effort to empower coastal communities.<p>Emi Koch is rarely without an ocean view. On the phone with her, you can hear faint sounds of the sea breeze, and it's easy to imagine the waves she describes rolling into shore.<p>If her life was a …