Avi Roy

1,124 Flips | 4 Magazines | 21 Likes | 3 Following | 269 Followers | @aroy | President of Biogerontology Research Foundation. Founder of Big Data Science in Medicine Symposiums. I am a Biomedical Scientist Researching Aging. Ringleader Oxford University Scientific Society, Oxford Transhumanism & Emerging Tech., and Synthetic Biology Oxford (SynOx). I have written for Guardian, and currently write at The Conversation.

How Long Do Tardigrades Live?

Tardigrades are probably the most paradoxical animals on the planet. On the one hand, these microscopic organisms are impossibly cute, seeming like …

Biology

Measles cases in Europe quadruple as vaccination rates drop

Vaccines save lives<p>Measles has made a dangerous comeback in Europe as vaccination rates have dropped, the World Health Organization says. Compared to 2016, the number of infections quadrupled to more than 21,000 cases across Europe in 2017. Thirty-five people died.<p>The outbreaks hit 15 European …

How Cells Pack Tangled DNA Into Neat Chromosomes

A human cell carries in its nucleus two meters of spiraling DNA, split up among the 46 slender, double-helical molecules that are its chromosomes. …

Genes can push you toward obesity, but there are things you can do to prevent that

The role of genes in obesity is one of science’s great puzzles, even though researchers have learned much in recent years. They have identified dozens of genetic variants that increase the risk but are still untangling how these genes interact with other factors to help make us fat.<p>The experts are …

Early Version of Cancer Genome Reveals Vital Vulnerabilities

In a collaborative effort across a number of institutions, including Harvard, the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and the Broad Institute of MIT, …

Are We All Racists Deep Inside?

Novelists often offer deep insights into the human psyche that take psychologists years to test. In his 1864 <i>Notes from Underground</i>, for example, …

Psychology

Stem cell therapy for heart failure gets a gold-standard trial

A treatment aims to reverse long-term scar-tissue damage<p>In the days after a heart attack, surviving patients and their loved ones can breathe a sigh of relief that the immediate danger is over — but the scar tissue that forms during the long healing process can inflict lasting damage. Too often it …

Researchers Used CRISPR to Manipulate the Social Activities of Ants

Ants Marching<p>Researchers have used the CRISPR technique to manipulate the social activities of ants for a study that will be published in <i>Cell</i>. Two …

Insects

Cell death: Is our health at risk?

The life and death of the cells in our bodies are tightly regulated. This is essential for normal function and limiting damage. But cell death can …

Artificial Intelligence Is Likely to Make a Career in Finance, Medicine or Law a Lot Less Lucrative

First generation robots worked in factories. Second generation robots are preparing for white-collar professions. Sort of like people.<p>6 min read<p>Opinions expressed by <i>Entrepreneur</i> contributors are their own.<p>Growing up, there’s a good chance you heard the mantra “go to a good school, get a good job, …

Artificial Intelligence

11 Amazing Feats the Gene-Editing Tool CRISPR Just Made Possible

In 2017, CRISPR has brought unparalleled advancements in genetic engineering.<p>The CRISPR//Cas9 gene editing tool has quickly earned a reputation as a revolutionary technology, and its merits support the clout. This year has, in fact, seen so many CRISPR-related breakthroughs that it’s worthwhile to …

Genetics

Life-extending protein could treat Alzheimer's and Parkinson's

New research has shown that a naturally occurring protein can improve cognition in mice with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease-like …

Researchers Track an Unlikely Culprit in Weight Gain

For middle-aged women struggling with their weight, a recent spate of scientific findings sounds too good to be true. And they may be, researchers caution.<p>Studies in mice indicate that a single hormone whose levels rise at menopause could be responsible for a characteristic redistribution of weight …

University of Washington

CRISPR Skin Grafts Could Replace Insulin Shots For Diabetes

Another first for gene editing.<p>The potential of the gene editing tool CRISPR just seems to keep growing and growing, and the latest experimental use …

Diabetes

Bonobos need reading glasses, too

Glasses may be trendy now, but for centuries they were the stodgy accessories of the elderly worn only for failing eyes. Now, new research suggests …

3D map of DNA reveals hidden loops that allow genes to work together

Every genome is a miracle of packaging. Somehow a human cell crams two meters of DNA into its tiny nucleus, and yet this tangled mess can carry out …

Earth - There is 'alien DNA' everywhere, thanks to gene thieves

What is the world's most resilient and hardy lifeform? The cockroach has a reputation for toughness – many people seem convinced it could even survive a nuclear apocalypse. The tardigrades, or water bears, are probably even hardier. We know for sure that they can survive being blasted into the …

The future of death may be your body in these biodegradable eggs

Decomposing bodies in coffins buried in the ground can emit large amounts of methane, a harmful greenhouse gas.<p>That, along with the formaldehyde that's used to get the body preserved for burial makes for not-so-sustainable burial practices.<p>And while the vast majority of people opt for either …

There's even more evidence that mammograms could be leading to unnecessary treatment

For every woman in whom mammography detected a breast cancer that was destined to become large and potentially life-threatening — the kind that screening is intended to head off — about four are diagnosed with one that would never have threatened their health.<p>But the surgery, chemotherapy, or …

This Silicon Valley lab is the brains behind most of the tech innovations of the last 50 years

Initially founded in 1946 by Stanford University as The Stanford Research Institute, it's now separate from the university and goes by SRI International.<p>But it's always been a non-profit dedicated to research and development.<p>With 4,000 patents to its credit, SRI is fairly well-known in Silicon …

Virus stole poison genes from black widow spider

<b>In a very unusual case of genetic theft, a virus has been caught with a gene that codes for the poison of black widow spiders.</b><p>The chunks of arachnid DNA were probably stolen by the virus to help it punch through animal cells.<p>But its target is not the animal itself - the "WO" virus only infects …

Most vitamins are useless, but here are the ones you should take

Or not.<p>Decades of research has failed to find any substantial evidence that vitamins and supplements do any significant good. In fact, recent studies skew in the opposite direction, having found that certain vitamins may be bad for you. Several have been linked with an increase in certain cancers, …

Surprising ways that caffeine affects your body and brain

Coffee, tea, and cola are just three substances many of us look to for our daily caffeine fix. But what exactly is happening to our brain and body when we take in this colorless, odorless, tasteless drug?<p>From our bloodstream to our brain, caffeine affects multiple areas of our body in different …

We Are Closer To Curing All Diseases Than We Think

For cancer care, access to treatment may be the biggest obstacle<p>Last week, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan announced an ambitious project—to “invest in basic science research with the goal of curing disease.” The couple started by donating $3 billion over 10 years in this …

Abstractions blog | Quanta Magazine

Faced with a navigational challenge, neural networks spontaneously evolved units resembling the grid cells that help living animals find their way.<p>A …

The Gene-Editing Tool on Every Drugmaker's Wish List This Year

In a single year, Rodger Novak’s gene-editing startup raised $89 million in venture funding, got $105 million to enter a partnership with big …

GlucoVista raises new funding for wearable device in race to develop noninvasive continuous glucose monitoring tech

GlucoVista, a medical device company with U.S. headquarters in Fairfield, New Jersey, has raised more than $2 million as it seeks to advance a …

Google's artificial intelligence bot thinks the purpose of life is 'to live forever'

This week, Google released a research paper chronicling one of its latest forays into artificial intelligence.<p>Researchers at the company programmed …

Artificial Intelligence