Anthropology & Archaeology News

By Anthro Prof | Anthropology, Archaeology, Primatology, Ethnology, Human Behavior & Ecology, Linguistics, Archeology.

Ancient DNA evidence shows hunter gatherers and farmers were intimately linked

5/25/2017 05:30:00 PM<p>In human history, the transition from hunting and gathering to farming is a significant one. As such, hunter-gatherers and …

Why Greek mountain villagers have healthy hearts

<b>Scientists have pinpointed one reason why people living in isolated villages in Greece may enjoy long and healthy lives.</b><p>They found a new genetic variant, common among villagers, which appears to protect the heart by lowering levels of "bad" fats and cholesterol.<p>Despite a diet rich in animal fat, …

Cardiovascular Disease

Researchers find dozens of genes associated with measures of intelligence

Lots of genes, but a cumulatively small impact.<p>We don't know a lot about the biological basis of our mental abilities—we can't even consistently …

Biology

Middle Stone Age Ochre Use Examined

BORDEAUX, FRANCE—<i>Ars Technica</i> reports that evidence for the use of ochre spanning a period of 4,500 years has been uncovered at Ethiopia’s Porc-Epic …

Archaeology

Traces of some of South America’s earliest people found under ancient dirt pyramid

About 600 kilometers north of Peru, an imposing earthen mound looms over the sea. People began building the ceremonial structure, called Huaca …

Anthropology

Biggest exhibit of human-like fossils goes on display in South Africa

THE CRADLE OF HUMANKIND, South Africa (Reuters) - An exhibit of the largest collection of fossils of close human relatives ever to go on public display opened on Thursday in South Africa, not far from the caves where they were unearthed.<p>Launched on "Africa Day" in an area named "The Cradle of …

Fossils

The Mystery of Roanoke Endures Yet Another Cruel Twist

It seemed too good to be true. And it was.<p>Nearly 20 years ago, excavators digging on North Carolina’s remote Hatteras Island uncovered a worn ring …

Archaeology

Bones, Artifacts From Ancient Americans Show Advanced Prehistoric Culture

Artifacts left behind by ancient Americans suggest their civilization was much more advanced than experts previously thought.<p>Some of those artifacts, …

Anthropology

Study provides surprisingly complex portrait of ancient trade networks

(Phys.org)—The study of ancient civilizations, particularly those that did not leave extensive writing in the archaeological record, is reliant on …

Archaeology

Ancient Slingshot Was as Deadly as a .44 Magnum

An excavation in Scotland shows that Roman soldiers used lead ammo with lethal accuracy.<p>Ruins—and Fierce Weaponry—From Bloody Roman Battle Discovered<p>On a fortified hill in Scotland some 1,900 years ago, a Roman army attacked local warriors by hurling lead bullets from slings that had nearly the …

Archaeology

Honey, I love you: our 40,000-year relationship with the humble bee

Humans have always had a special relationship with bees. And while the archaeological evidence is sparse, what does exist shows the richness of ancient human activities<p>Earlier this month I received my first package of bees. A package refers to a box containing 3 pounds of bees, or roughly 12 …

Bees

18th-Century Scottish Woman's Face Reconstructed

EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND—<i>The Scotsman</i> reports that a facial reconstruction has been made of an eighteenth-century woman whose remains were discovered on …

Archaeology

Tied up in his grave, the strange 'dancing skeleton' of Ust-Ivanovka

'We were struck by his unusual position,' said the scientist about the skeleton which dates from the 7th to the 9th centuries. Picture: Denis …

Archaeology

Ancient Shrewsbury sacred site 'oldest of its kind'

<b>Archaeologists say a sacred burial site uncovered in Shrewsbury in February is over 4,000 years old.</b><p>They say the site, which was discovered at a Greek Orthodox Church, may be the country's oldest-known continuously used sacred ground.<p>Finds suggest it has been used during every era since the late …

Archaeology

Australian indigenous leaders meet for historic summit

<b>Hundreds of indigenous leaders have gathered in central Australia for a historic summit on formally recognising the country's first inhabitants.</b><p>The three-day summit at Uluru coincides with the 50th anniversary of a vote that allowed indigenous Australians to be included on a national …

Australia

This 3.3-Million-Year-Old Hominin Toddler Was Kind of Like Us

The life of Lucy and other <i>Australopithecus afarensis</i> couldn’t be more different than that of their modern relatives. Unlike us, the ancient hominins …

Humanity

Tool sharpens focus on Stone Age networking in the Middle East

A stone tool found in Syria more than 80 years ago has sharpened scientists’ understanding of Stone Age networking.<p>Small enough to fit in the palm of …

Anthropology

Stone Age ‘cult’ henge site and human remains discovered near Stratford

Stone Age 'cult' henge site and human remains discovered near Stratford<p>A STONE Age ‘cult’ henge site and human remains – which could belong to some …

Archaeology

Mexican Tarahumara woman wins 50km race wearing only sandals

<b>A 22-year-old woman from Mexico's Tarahumara indigenous community has won a 50km (31 miles) ultramarathon wearing only sandals.</b><p>María Lorena Ramírez defeated 500 other runners from 12 countries in the female category of the Ultra Trail Cerro Rojo in Puebla, in central Mexico.<p>She ran without any …

Marathons

Fossils cast doubt on human lineage originating in Africa

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Fossils from Greece and Bulgaria of an ape-like creature that lived 7.2 million years ago may fundamentally alter the understanding of human origins, casting doubt on the view that the evolutionary lineage that led to people arose in Africa.<p>Scientists said on Monday the …

Evolution

Richard Oakes, Who Occupied Alcatraz For Native Rights, Gets A Birthday Honor

In November 1969, Richard Oakes and dozens of his fellow Native American activists came ashore at Alcatraz. The little island in San Francisco Bay had lain dormant since 1963, when its infamous federal prison had been shut down, and the group Oakes led set out to claim the land as its own.<p>The …

History

Potential hominin affinities of Graecopithecus from the Late Miocene of Europe

1. White TD, Suwa G, Asfaw B. Australopithecus ramidus, a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia. Nature. 1994;371:306–12. pmid:8090200<p>2. …

Journalism

Extremely Rare Albino Orangutan Found in Indonesia

The foundation nursing the primate back to health says they have never taken care of an albino orangutan and cannot find others like it in the wild.<p>A rare albino orangutan was rescued earlier this month from a village in Indonesia where it was kept in a cage.<p>The five-year-old orangutan, which was …

Indonesia

Prehistoric henge discovered in Newbold-on-Stour

<b>A prehistoric henge, dating back almost 6,000 years, has been uncovered on farmland in Warwickshire.</b><p>The site, in Newbold-on-Stour, is earmarked for a housing development.<p>A geophysical survey led to an initial dig in 2016, but archaeologists have been "excited" to discover what was originally …

Archaeology

Historians reveal AMAZING details about massive Viking Camp found...

A 1,100-year-old camp the Viking Great Army at Torksey has been brought to life in stunning virtual reality based on the latest research. Heralded as …

Archaeology

Evidence of the earliest occupation of the coasts of Australia from Barrow Island, Northwest Australia

The combined results of radiocarbon and optical luminescent dating provided largely consistent chronologies.<p>Dr Vladimir Levchenko, who supervised …

Archaeology

Artefacts found in Pilbara cave show Aboriginal life dates back 50,000 years

Testing of artefacts in an island cave in northern WA has established some of the oldest occupation dates recorded in Australia, proving Aboriginal …

Archaeology

What Does it Mean to Be a Species? Genetics is Changing the Answer

For Charles Darwin, "species" was an undefinable term, "one arbitrarily given for the sake of convenience to a set of individuals closely resembling …

DNA

Five New 3D Models Of Ancient Artifacts That Are Changing How We Interact With Museums

Newly released 3D models of antiquities from the British Museum allow more digital access to ancient objects than ever before. Projects being developed by a small group of proactive digital archaeologists are changing the way we encounter, interact with, and take the museum experience home with us. …

Archaeology