Anthropology & Archaeology News

By Anthro Prof | Anthropology, Archaeology, Primatology, Ethnology, Human Behavior & Ecology, Linguistics, Archeology.

The bushbaby family just got a new member. Here's how we identified it

hl_1001/FlickrWith their enormous eyes, impressive leaping skills and strange cries, galagids – more commonly known as bushbabies – are a familiar …

Biology

Letters from Londinium

Reading the earliest writing from Roman BritainThe excavations on the site of the new Bloomberg offices in London ran from 2010 to 2014, and revealed …

Ancient History

38,000 year-old engravings confirm ancient origins of technique used by Seurat, Van Gogh

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY—A newly discovered trove of 16 engraved and otherwise modified limestone blocks, created 38,000 years ago, confirms the ancient …

New York University

Burgers and ancient Roman roads: Businesses step up to preserve Rome's history

This week, a McDonald's outside Rome opened a two-millennia-old road to the public, after discovering it at the restaurant site and investing in its …

Why Did Greenland's Vikings Vanish?

Newly discovered evidence is upending our understanding of how early settlers made a life on the island -- and why they suddenly disappeared

Archaeology

Mysterious 'crouched' burials in remote Siberia hint to the practice of ritualistic sacrifices

During the excavation of a medieval archaeological site in a remote region of Siberia, archaeologists claim to have found the remains of four …

Archaeology

The Neanderthal In You May Be Controlling Your Gene Expression

A girl looks through the replica of a neanderthal skull displayed in the new Neanderthal Museum in the northern town of Krapina, Croatia, Feb. 25, …

Genetics

For only the second known time, a chimp has a disorder similar to Down Syndrome

A 24-year-old chimp in Japan has a genetic disorder similar to Down Syndrome in humans, researchers have found.<p>Kanako is only the second chimpanzee known to have the chromosomal defect trisomy 22. The disorder has stunted her growth, left her blind and resulted in a congenital heart disease and …

Genetics

DNA Offers Clues to Mysterious Crypt in Ancient Pueblo

It's a question that eluded answers for more than a century: Who were the 14 people buried in the tiny tomb known as Room 33?<p>Using DNA from skeletons excavated in New Mexico more than a century ago, researchers have shown that more than a dozen people buried in a small, hidden chamber were likely …

Archaeology

Spotting lemurs: Facial-recognition software isn't just for humans anymore

A new program may help researchers distinguish – and protect – Madagascar's lemurs.<p>February 18, 2017 —Observing lemurs in the jungles of Madagascar …

Migration to America took long enough for evolution to happen on the way

Similarities in Native American genomes suggest adaptation in ancient history<p>The Bering land bridge plays a central role in our picture of how humans …

Anthropology

Striking Photos of Cultural Fashions You Have to See

These vibrant cultures were slaying their fashion game long before the runway was invented.<p>Most global fashions aren’t fads. They arise from centuries of tradition and don’t go out of vogue when the seasons change: the bold beadwork of the Maasai in the Serengeti, the endless folds of a bright blue …

Fashion

The Lesser-Known History of African-American Cowboys

In his 1907 autobiography, cowboy Nat Love recounts stories from his life on the frontier so cliché, they read like scenes from a John Wayne film. He …

American History

Ancient Pottery Recorded Geomagnetic Field Fluctuations

TEL AVIV, ISRAEL—<i>Live Science</i> reports that Erez Ben-Yosef of Tel Aviv University and his colleagues measured fluctuations in the strength of the …

Archaeology

More early colonists bones discovered in St. Augustine

ST. AUGUSTINE, Fla. -- A startling historic discovery got even more intriguing Wednesday. More bones of possible early colonists in St. Augustine …

Archaeology

Genes from our extinct relatives live on in modern humans

<i>February, 2017</i><p>Photo credit: Wikimedia<p>While all humans are remarkably similar at a genetic level — on average any two individuals' genomes are 99.9% …

Genetics

Mysterious Viking Ship Burial Yields a Trove of Artifacts

A boat which for 1,000 years served as the grave of a high status Viking has revealed some of its secrets, according to the first detailed report of …

Archaeology

Broken pebbles offer clues to Paleolithic funeral rituals

Humans may have ritualistically "killed" objects to remove their symbolic power, some 5,000 years earlier than previously thought, a new …

Archaeology

New Dead Sea Scrolls cave discovered

<b>Archaeologists have found a cave that once housed Dead Sea scrolls in a cliff in the Judean desert - the first such discovery in over 60 years.</b><p>Israel's Hebrew University said the ancient parchments were missing from the cave, and were probably looted by Bedouin in the 1950s.<p>Storage jars, fragments …

How a child's exhumation has distressed Aboriginal elders

<b>The removal of a child's remains from a cave in South Australia has prompted calls for a coronial inquest, and government efforts to atone for culturally insensitive actions, reports Trevor Marshallsea.</b><p>Long ago, according to a famous Aboriginal legend, a maku - the white moth larva also known as …

Ancestral Pueblo civilisation at Chaco Canyon had to import maize to feed thousands of mouths

The ancient civilisation inhabiting Chaco Canyon in New Mexico may have imported maize to feed its very large population, a study has revealed. There …

Orangutan squeaks reveal language evolution, says study

<b>Scientists who spent years listening to the communication calls of one of our closest ape relatives say their eavesdropping has shed light on the origin of human language.</b><p>Dr Adriano Reis e Lameira from Durham University recorded and analysed almost 5,000 orangutan "kiss squeaks".<p>He found that the …

Soil Samples from the Amazon’s Ancient Earthworks Studied

EXETER, ENGLAND—<i>Live Science</i> reports that archaeologist Jenny Watling, now of the University of São Paulo, and her colleagues collected soil samples …

Archaeology

Is the Eagle Huntress really a documentary?

<b>The Eagle Huntress, a documentary about a Kazakh nomad girl in Mongolia learning to hunt with a golden eagle, divides opinion. It is up for a Bafta award on Monday night but missed out on an Oscar nomination, possibly because to some viewers it feels staged. Director Otto Bell, however, denies all</b> …

These Bronze Age Humans Were History's Biggest Weed Dealers - Motherboard

About 5,000 years ago, a mysterious tribe poured into Europe and Asia from the steppes of modern-day Russia and Ukraine. With them, they brought valuable knowledge of metalworking, horseback riding, and technology such as the wheel.<p>But historians believe these ancient migrants were also packing …

Cannabis

The Clues That Neanderthals Didn't Know How to Make Fire

New evidence from two caves in Western France deepens an old mystery about our fellow hominins.<p>In the 1981 movie <i>Quest for Fire</i>, a group of Neanderthals struggles to keep a small ember burning while moving across a cold, bleak landscape. The meaning is clear: If the ember goes out, they will lose …

Anthropology

For Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs, Life Was a Banquet, But the Afterlife Was the Greatest Feast of All

In Ancient Egypt, inanimate objects—particularly images created for tombs or temples—were believed to contain latent magical powers. What was drawn …

Ancient Egypt

Baltic hunter-gatherers began farming without influence of migration, ancient DNA suggests

TRINITY COLLEGE DUBLIN—New research indicates that Baltic hunter-gatherers were not swamped by migrations of early agriculturalists from the Middle …

Anthropology

Dictionary of dead language complete after 90 years

<b>A dictionary of the extinct language of ancient Mesopotamia has been completed after 90 years of work.</b><p>Assyrian and Babylonian - dialects of the language collectively known as Akkadian - have not been spoken for almost 2,000 years.<p>"This is a heroic and significant moment in history," beamed Dr …

Ancient History