Anthropology & Archaeology News

By Anthro Prof | Anthropology, Archaeology, Primatology, Ethnology, Human Behavior & Ecology, Linguistics, Archeology.

Rare Evidence Found of a 2,000-Year-Old Roman Crucifixion

While it’s debatable whether it’s the cruelest or most painful form of execution, there’s no doubt that crucifixion is by far the most famous way to …

Archaeology

Wild Chimp Spotted Playing Very Familiar Game With Little Baby

Turns out baby chimps demand games of "airplane" too.<p>A sweet little interaction spotted in the forest in Africa is an astonishing reminder of how …

Chimpanzees

Mysterious Neolithic monuments and lost prehistoric villages revealed by heatwave dry spell

Two prehistoric villages are among 1,500 lost landmarks which have been discovered in Britain since the heatwave.<p>Historic England has been taking advantage of the exceptionally dry weather to send up reconnaissance planes to hunt for outlines of long-forgotten monuments, buildings and burial …

Archaeology

Ancient Ceramic Cups Reveal Oldest Direct Evidence of Beer in Mesopotamia

Archaeologists have long known beer was important in the ancient world, but mainly from writings and drawings—finding actual archaeological evidence …

Archaeology

Animal fat on ancient pottery reveals a nearly catastrophic period of human prehistory

A bit more than 8000 years ago, the world suddenly cooled, leading to much drier summers for much of the Northern Hemisphere. The impact on early …

Anthropology

New theory paints more sophisticated picture of ancient Easter Island

<b>(CNN) —</b> For decades, mystery has swirled around what happened to the founding population of the remote Easter Island, known for its towering stone statues depicting large carved heads. A long-held theory suggests that after the islanders set up camp and carved the giant statues, they destroyed …

Archaeology

Current evidence allows multiple models for the peopling of the Americas

• T. J. Braje,<br>• T. D. Dillehay,<br>• J. M. Erlandson,<br>• R. G. Klein,<br>• T. C. Rick<p>, Finding the first Americans.Science 358, 592–594 (2017).<p>J. M. Erlandson, In</i> …

Anthropology

Acheulean technology and landscape use at Dawadmi, central Arabia

by Ceri Shipton, James Blinkhorn, Paul S. Breeze, Patrick Cuthbertson, Nick Drake, Huw S. Groucutt, Richard P. Jennings, Ash Parton, Eleanor M. L. …

Archaeology

Primate speech: How some species are 'wired' for talk

<b>Our primate cousins have surprised and impressed scientists in recent years, with revelations about monkeys' tool-using abilities and chimps' development of complex sign language.</b><p>But researchers are still probing the question: why are we humans the only apes that can talk?<p>That puzzle has now led to …

Primates

Land loss threatens indigenous communities worldwide

Global hunger for resources is driving the destruction of indigenous land. On World Indigenous Peoples' Day, campaigners warn that, without action, …

Ethnology

Here's How People First Arrived in the New World … Maybe

Did the first people to inhabit the Americas hug the coast after crossing the Bering Strait or travel farther inland, between two massive ice …

Anthropology

A 400-year-old Mesoamerican map of Spanish colonization is now online for all to see

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, a manuscript dating back to the late 1500s, sounds like an artifact from an <i>Indiana Jones</i> movie. Essentially an ancient map of an area including present-day Mexico City and Puebla, it was created during a period when both Spanish colonizers and indigenous people were using …

Mexico City

Archaeologists marvel at Neolithic axe finds in Orkney

<b>A large number of stone axes are among more than 30,000 pieces of pottery, bones and tools found so far at a 5,000-year-old site in Orkney.</b><p>The Ness of Brodgar is one of the largest and most important Neolithic excavations in Northern Europe, according to archaeologists.<p>Two of the polished stone …

Archaeology

Radiocarbon analysis of modern olive wood raises doubts concerning a crucial piece of evidence in dating the Santorini eruption

Article |<p>Open | Published: 09 August 2018<p><i>Scientific Reports</i><b>volume 8</b>, Article number: 11841 (2018) | Download Citation<p>Abstract<p>Charred olive wood is …

Google Scholar

Odyssey Excerpt Uncovered in Greece

ATHENS, GREECE—According to a <i>Reuters</i> report, Greece’s Culture Ministry announced the discovery of a Roman-era plaque engraved with 13 verses of <i>The</i> …

Ancient History

Greenland walrus may be to blame for mystery demise of last Vikings

The last Viking settlements may have vanished after walruses moved to safer shores to avoid being hunted for their ivory, a new study suggests.<p>Norse communities founded by Erik the Red flourished in Greenland for 500 years but then disappeared suddenly in the late 15th century leaving towns and …

Archaeology

Discovery of copper band shows Native Americans engaged in trade more extensively than thought

A research team including Matthew Sanger, assistant professor of anthropology at Binghamton University, State University at New York, has found a …

Romanian, German archaeologists find 3,400-year-old fortress

BUCHAREST, Romania (AP) — Romanian and German archaeologists have discovered a prehistoric fortress dating back as far as 3,400 years in western Romania.<p>Archaeologist Florin Gogaltan told The Associated Press on Tuesday that the find represented "one of the biggest prehistoric fortresses in Europe …

Archaeology

German Court Awards Farmer $1 Million for 2000-Year-Old Bronzed Horse Head Found in His Well

One August day in 1987, Brian Campbell was refilling the hole left by a tree stump in his yard in Romford, East London, when his shovel struck …

Archaeology

When did Aboriginal people first arrive in Australia?

Many Aboriginal Australians would say with conviction that they have always been here. Their ancestors and traditional learnings tell them of this …

Anthropology

Japanese Archaeologists Dig Up Jar Filled With Over 200,000 Bronze Coins

Archaeology is like a treasure hunt where the prizes are pieces of information from the past, and Japanese archaeologists recently hit the jackpot. They discovered a jar filled with coins belonging to a medieval samurai. The ceramic jar was found in the Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo and is one …

Archaeology

Tim Winton joins push for World Heritage listing of ancient rock art on WA's Dampier Archipelago

Across the islands of Western Australia's remote Dampier Archipelago are more than a million ancient Aboriginal rock carvings known as …

Australia

Drones help Ute Mountain Ute Tribe create detailed maps of ruins in tribal park

DURANGO, Colo. — The Ute Mountain Ute Tribe is turning to high-tech aerial photogrammetry to document and preserve the history of its tribal park, …

National Parks

The British Heat Wave and Aerial Archeology

The U.K. is experiencing its driest summer in fifty-seven years. It’s not been great. A British summer is usually a doubtful, fleeting thing. Sunshine and heat arrive in bursts from June until September, as if you were walking down a green-shaded path with occasional breaks in the canopy. When the …

National Trust

Early Roman 'horseshoes' dug up from Vindolanda fort ditch

<b>Early Roman "horseshoes" unearthed during an excavation at a fort near Hadrian's Wall are to go on display.</b><p>Barbara Birley, curator at Vindolanda, near Hexham, in Northumberland, said it was "incredibly rare" to find a full set of four iron hipposandals.<p>She said the hoof protectors were so well …

Archaeology

Ancient 'Hobbit' Study Reveals an Island That Forced Humans to Shrink Twice

No one is sure what happened on the island of Flores.<p>On the Indonesian island of Flores, there lives a group of people known as the Rampasasa …

Humanity

Stylish 2,000-Year-Old Roman Shoe Found in a Well

When the Romans pushed their way north into the German provinces, they built (circa 90 AD) The Saalburg, a fort that protected the boundary between …

Sandals

Scientists measure severity of drought during the Maya collapse

The severity of drought conditions during the demise of the Maya civilisation about one thousand years ago has been quantified, representing another …

University of Cambridge

Diverse genome study upends understanding of how language evolved

NEWS<p>02 August 2018<p>Research casts doubt on the idea that the <i>FOXP2</i> gene — linked to language evolution — is special to modern humans.<p>Search for this …

Evolution