Ann Williams

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So how do you figure out a workable crop rotation plan as a home gardener? (see more) http://www.farmerspal.com/ You start with the basics: understanding what the 9 main families are in the vegetable world. Then step 2 is just avoiding planting a plant in the same location as one of its family members occupied last year, and you should be golden. ═════════════════════════════════════════ Here are the 9: ★ Nightshade Family Nightshade includes tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes. All of these will heavily deplete your soil of nutrients so you'll need to fertilize before planting another crop. Perils of replanting in the same space: Increased problems with blight and pests like tomato hornworm. ★ Legume Family Peas and beans are legumes. Legumes are really beneficial plants in that their roots inject nitrogen into the soil. These would be a great choice to follow a Nightshade planting in your crop rotation schedule. ★ Squash and Melon Family It's pretty easy to guess what goes here: summer and winter squash, cucumbers, pumpkins, and melons. These are also heavy feeders and will deplete your soil nutrients over time. The big pest here that will cause problems if you don't rotate is the squash vine borer and the squash bug, which will overwinter in the soil. I had these attack my pumpkin vines last year and, let me tell you, they are a PAIN! ★ Brassicas and Salad Greens Family Leafy greens such as arugula, broccoli, cauliflower, rutabagas, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and kale (NOT lettuce!) are in this family. Because they put on such a large amount of green growth, they are highly dependent on lots of nitrogen during the growing season. ★ Sunflower Family Sunflowers are in this family, of course, but it also includes Jerusalem artichokes, lettuce and endive. All of these tread very lightly on soil and are light feeds, so they are good choices to either precede or follow a member of the Brassicas family. ★ Carrot Family Along with carrots, this family includes celery, parsley, and parsnips. They like lots of organic matter but not lots of nitrogen as it can cause you to get some really funky looking roots. So you don't want to plant these anywhere you planted a legume the following season. ★ Goosefoot Family Members include beets, spinach and swiss chard. This family is great because it will grown even in soil with low fertility, so they are a great follow-up crop for members of the Nightshade family. ★ Grass Family Corn is the number one member here, but this family also includes oats, wheat and rye. It's a great follow-up for the spot where you prevously grew beans or peas, as it needs really good, fertile soil. ★ Onion Family And last but not least is the Onion family which includes onions, garlic, leeks and scallions. Great at repelling pests but they require high fertility. With this information, you should be able to identify a crop rotation schedule that will fit into your home garden. The idea is to come up with something that is logical: either left to right, front to rear, circular or otherwise. Here are a couple of examples: Garlic ---> lettuce Broccoli ---> bush beans Onions ---> leafy greens Peas ---> carrots Garlic ---> shell beans http://bit.ly/ZC1T73

Alys Fowler: beetroot

Nothing says more about the quality of your soil than beetroot. Sweet, tender roots are the product of soil that is cared for and rich in organic matter. When young, beets are apt to notice if your soil is lacking micronutrients, particularly on alkaline soils and those flooded with spring …

What Is Succession Planting?

Succession planting, also known as successive planting, is a way to extend your harvest by staggering plantings of crops or planting varieties with …

Elderflower Champagne

It isn't often that in the middle of working on getting an issue put to bed for the printer that something in an article makes us stop in our tracks …

You Can Do It! First-Time Vegetable Gardening for the Black-Thumbed

Some of you may feel like no matter what you try to grow, it dies. Too much water, not enough water, too much sun, too much shade, or… it just dies …

The beginner's guide to starting a veg garden

There has never been a more interesting time for edible gardening. It is right on so many levels. It saves money, saves the planet and satisfies our epicurean appetites. Edible gardening is an opportunity to grow interesting flavours fresher than money can buy. It is the key to children being more …

Gardening

How to grow and chit potatoes

For our new 90-second gardener series, Sarah Raven explains how to chit your potatoes, the first gardening job of the year<p>One of the first jobs of the gardening year is to chit your potatoes - that is, encouraging your potatoes to sprout before planting.<p>Why do it? Because it makes them grow more …

Gardening

Top 10 apples to grow in your garden

Henry Chevallier Guild, eighth generation of the apple-growing Aspall cider family says, Britain has one of the best climates in the world for apples. In the 19th century we used to make the most of that, with 2,500 different varieties listed in the UK, but that's now declined to only 12 that …

Gardening

Mexico’s climate migrants are already coming to the United States

In December 1997, Nadia Flores-Yeffal awoke early in a small town in the state of Guanajuato, in the heart of Mexico. She pulled on her shoes and …

Eastern Europe

Climate Change Knows No Borders

An analysis of climate induced migration, protection gaps and need for solidarity in South Asia<p>Climate change is having devastating impacts on …

Climate Change

Women bear the brunt of climate-forced migration

Hafiza Khatun remembers one morning two years ago. Her husband had come running back from work in a state of distress. The embankment wall that kept …

Sri Lanka

Introduction

Adger WN, Barnett J, Brown K, Marshall N, O’Brien K (2013) Cultural dimensions of climate change impacts and adaptation. Nat Clim Chang …

Pacific countries advance regional policy towards migration and climate change

It has been scientifically demonstrated that, regardless of whether we admit it or not, climate change is a global process, unfortunately continuous, …

Climate change is fuelling wars across the world, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres says

Tackling climate change will help prevent global conflict, the incoming UN Secretary General has warned.<p>The new head of the UN, Antonio Guterres, …

Climate Change Fallout in Bangladesh: 9.6m people to migrate by 2050

Increased natural disasters and loss of livelihoods due to climatic factors are forcing people to migrate internally, according to a study of the …

Climate Change

Indigenous Canadians face a crisis as climate change eats away island home

His hands tucked tightly in the pockets of his jeans, Gilbert Sark nodded at the ice-covered bay stretched out before him.<p>Decades ago, his grandfather – at the time one of the few in this First Nations community to own a truck – would spend winters ferrying people across the frozen bay to Prince …

Prince Edward Island

Kenyan slum activists build climate change resilience from the bottom up

Living in the Kenyan slum of Mukuru is hard enough, but when it rains it’s downright miserable. Streets flood, sewage overflows, homes are inundated. …

Africa

Attitudes towards relocation following Hurricane Sandy: should we stay or should we go?

Papers<p>Corresponding Author<p>E-mail address:ana.bukvic@vt.edu<p>Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Virginia Tech, United States<p><b>Correspondence</b>: …

Spoiler alerts: the five best climate-change films

“We know that it was us that scorched the sky.”<p>And with that curt footnote, The Matrix sidesteps any further elaboration on the climate conditions that reign in the future outside the virtual world. Which seems to be Hollywood’s approach to climate change all over. It’s great for a bit of …

Ice Age

Climate Change Will Fuel An “Unimaginable” Refugee Crisis, Military Analysts Report

<b>Published on</b> January 24th, 2017 | <i>by Adam Johnston</i><p>0<p>January 24th, 2017 by <b>Adam Johnston</b><p>Expect climate change to open the floodgates of migration. Mass …

Human migration, environment and climate change

<i>By Daria Mokhnacheva, Thematic Specialist at the Migration, Environment and Climate Change Division, International Organization for Migration (IOM),</i> …

Migration

The Many Faces of Climate Change Migration in Asia

In the Asia-Pacific, climate change migration is already happening, sometimes by government fiat.

Migration

New “Backdraft” Podcast Series, on the Peace and Conflict Consequences of Climate Responses

The science is clear: To prevent major disruption, the global community must take steps to address climate change. But it is also increasingly clear …

Climate

Food security: how drought and rising prices led to conflict in Syria

In 2015 the Welsh singer and activist Charlotte Church was widely ridiculed in the right-wing press and on social media for saying on BBC Question …

Climate Change May Cause Huge Migration of Refugees, Scientists Say

Many senior military officials from around the globe have warned that as climate change continues to affect our planet the impact that it may have on …

Climate Change

Characteristics and fertility constraints of degraded soils in Leyte, Philippines

Contributed by<i>Dr. Ian A. Navarrete</i><i>Humboldt Fellow</i><i>Soil Science of Tropical and Subtropical Ecosystems</i><i>Georg-August Univesity Göttingen</i><i>Gottingen, …

Environmental pollution: the case of Xenobiotics

<i>Xenobiotics</i> are chemical substances that are foreign to the biological system. They include naturally occurring compounds, drugs, and environmental …

Anthropocene: The Human Age

Anthropocene is the term coined in 2000 by Paul Crutzen, the Nobel laureate from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany, to refer to …

Refocusing Agriculture in the Philippines

Refocusing Agriculture: Excerpt from my Convocation Speech at the 45th Founding Anniversary of Visayas State University (VSU)-Alangalang Campus, …