Anna Gruszczynska

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Obama emphasises threat to public health as part of climate change push

Barack Obama on Tuesday highlighted the impact of climate change on public health, hours after the White House unveiled an initiative targeting adverse health effects caused by extreme weather and greenhouse gas emissions.<p>“There are a whole host of public health impacts that are going to hit home,” …

Are we ready for the next volcanic catastrophe?

Photograph: The Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images<p>Mount Fuji, photographed in 2012. Scientists say it is now in ‘a critical state’.<p>276<p>http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2015/3/25/1427281025139/19b1a6a9-d383-47a0-97bc-0903b481bd14-460x276.jpeg<p>460<p>Photograph: The Asahi Shimbun/Getty …

Can Fairtrade in India help close growing gulf between rich and poor?

Almost 20 years since the launch of the UK's Fairtrade movement, and with €4.8bn (£3bn) in global sales in 2012, India has ambitions to grow the market for Fairtrade-labelled products. Led by local producer groups, the Fairtrade mark in India launches on Thursday, selling Indian-produced …

Here's Why We Haven't Quite Figured Out How to Feed Billions More People

Solving the world's looming food crisis will require big investments in agricultural research, yet public support for that is lagging.<p>When famine loomed in Mexico and southern Asia in the mid-20th century, agricultural crop researchers saved the day. Scientists at Mexico's International Maize and …

Who, What, Why: In which countries is Coca-Cola not sold?

<b>After almost 60 years, Coca-Cola is on sale again in Burma. It's one of the world's most recognised brands, so are there any countries where the drinks giant still remains unsold?</b><p>Coca-Cola says it sells 1.8 billion servings of the drink every day. But for the last six decades, none has been in …

Apple's burden: a mountain of money it can't really use

If, as expected, the launch of the new iPhone and Apple's iWatch health monitor leads to record sales, more money than ever will pour in to Apple's enormous pile of cash.<p>At the last count, at the end of June, Apple had $164.5bn of "cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities" on its balance …

Back-to-School Pictures: Exploring Education Around the World

As kids go back to school in the U.S., take a peek into classrooms worldwide, from Botswana to Syria.

North Korea sets trial date for US man Matthew Miller

<b>A US citizen detained in North Korea after allegedly tearing up his visa will be put on trial on 14 September, North Korean state media report.</b><p>Matthew Miller, 24, was arrested in April at North Korea's immigration. He is one of three Americans currently held in North Korea.<p>On Monday, Mr Miller and …

How Much Danger Do Ship Strikes Pose to Blue Whales?

A new study suggests that blue whale populations are not as vulnerable to ship strikes as previously thought, but experts say, 'not so fast.'<p>The eastern North Pacific blue whale population has rebounded since being hammered by commercial whaling, according to a new study. And ship strikes, long …

Further Scottish devolution 'should be offered to Wales'

<b>Further devolution offered to Scotland should also be offered to Wales, First Minister Carwyn Jones has said.</b><p>Political parties campaigning for a No vote in Scotland's independence referendum said they will devolve more powers to Edinburgh.<p>But Mr Jones ruled out giving the Welsh government income …

Filipino farmers destroy GM crops designed to alleviate malnutrition

A group of 400 protestors has stormed a field filled with test crops of vitamin A-delivering Golden Rice in the Philippines, in protest at the …

A 12-Step Approach for Big Agriculture

Next time you're stuck in traffic, watching cars belch out greenhouse gases, consider this: How much healthier would our planet be if we stop cars from spewing this junk? Cars might not be going away any time soon, but a new report released by Climate Focus and California Environmental Associates …

Vision of the future or criminal eyesore: what should Rio do with its favelas?

The granite hump of Providencia gazes down like a stern guardian on the old port of Rio de Janeiro. It offers probably the finest viewpoint over any city I know. Rio’s great bay stretches inland to distant mountains. Below lies what was once the world’s third largest port, now mostly silent. Along …

Marine mining: Underwater gold rush sparks fears of ocean catastrophe

This is the last frontier: the ocean floor, 4,000 metres beneath the waters of the central Pacific, where mining companies are now exploring for the rich deposits of ores needed to keep industry humming and smartphones switched on.<p>The prospect of a race to the bottom of the ocean – a 21st-century …

The 10 Cities That Are Leading The Way In Urban Sustainability

Cities are the laboratories where the most innovative ideas for surviving in the future can be tested. These 10–from New York to Tokyo to Bogota–were just awarded City Climate Leadership Awards for their work.<p>With a few exceptions, national governments aren’t going to make a big dent in climate …

Smart Cities

The tragedy of the high seas

IN 1968 an American ecologist, Garrett Hardin, published an article entitled “The Tragedy of the Commons”. He argued that when a resource is held …

Will overfishing by foreigners drive Senegalese fishermen to piracy?

The fishermen of Joal say that if the foreign trawlers are not stopped, Senegal could end up like Somalia, with gun-toting pirates attacking shipping. But is there any evidence that over-fishing by Europeans or Chinese actually led to the fishermen of Somalia turning to piracy?<p>Here is Mohamed …

Upgrade Your Slum: Fabienne Hoelzel at TEDxHamburg

Barbara Taylor: 'Waking up in a mental hospital isn't something you plan for'

Ward 16 of Friern Barnet mental asylum was an "acute admissions" ward, meaning it was meant for people in a highly disturbed state, needing plenty of care (and drugs) until they stabilised and could be discharged or moved to a rehab or long-stay ward. In fact, some people had been living there for …

If the World Is Getting Richer, Why Do So Many People Feel Poor?

On almost any metric—quality of living, lifespan, health, education, income, basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter—life around the world is improving.<p>In a widely-read statement in his annual foundation letter, Bill Gates took an unabashedly optimistic approach to the world this week. Not …

CO2 emissions are being 'outsourced' by rich countries to rising economies

The world's richest countries are increasingly outsourcing their carbon pollution to China and other rising economies, according to a draft UN report.<p>Outsourcing of emissions comes in the form of electronic devices such as smartphones, cheap clothes and other goods manufactured in China and other …

Inside the secret shipping industry

Almost everything we own and use, at some point, travels to us by container ship, through a vast network of ocean routes and ports that most of us …

rosegeorge

Help Save Our Oceans from Plastic Debris

<i>National Geographic Emerging Explorer Gregg Treinish founded Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation, a nonprofit organization connecting outdoor adventurers with scientists in need of data from the field. He also organizes his own expeditions, contributing to research on wildlife-human</i> …

Anti-Whaling Activists Put Focus on Complex Law and Bloody Tradition

Despite opposition from scientists and animal advocates, Japanese whaling continues in Antarctica, fueled by nationalism.<p>As reports of dead minke whales in the Southern Ocean circulate, the battle over Japanese whaling heats up in turbulent waters.<p><b>Video shot by an aircraft operated by the</b> …

Foreign Fisheries Contribute to Marine Mammal Deaths

Imported fish doesn't meet the same safety standards as domestic catches, says environmental group.<p>There's something fishy in U.S. seafood, suggests a report finding that methods used in foreign fisheries contribute heavily to deaths of marine mammals such as seals, dolphins, and whales.<p>"Net Loss: …

Four Water Resolutions for a Sustainable Planet

Wildlife<p>The Salmon River in Idaho, one of the very few well-protected rivers in the lower 48 states. Photo: Brian Richter<p>Most of us have been taught since childhood to be careful in our use of water. We’ve been encouraged to take shorter showers, not let the water faucet run while brushing our …

No siblings: A side-effect of China's one-child policy

<b>What's it like to grow up in a world where no-one has brothers or sisters? Are siblings really that important? Researchers have been asking those questions for years - and China, with its famous one-child policy, has been a good place to look for an answer.</b><p>Chinese families used to have an average …

Organisations find new ways to address water, energy and food pressures

"Water is going to be the commodity of the 21st century." So said Richard Sandor, inventor of financial futures and all-round financial guru a few weeks ago in the City, while an audience of bankers nodded their agreement.<p>While the planet's population grows by more than 200,000 every day, climate …

Sustainability

Free Trade Forever

NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS – On December 7, representatives from the World Trade Organization’s 159 member countries reached agreement on the first …

Economics

UK opposition to new EU green energy targets could risk 'half a million jobs'

Over half a million new jobs over the next two decades could be at risk from the UK's opposition to new EU targets for green energy, according to a leaked official report from the European commission.<p>Since last spring, European countries have been battling over what new climate change targets …