alex k

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Exercise promotes the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) through the action of the ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate

Exercise induces beneficial responses in the brain, which is accompanied by an increase in BDNF, a trophic factor associated with cognitive …

Neuroscience

Swift gamma-ray bursts—a 3D step toward standard candles

A new way to use the most powerful explosions in the Universe to calibrate its expansion has been developed by a team of researchers (Sergey …

Artificial intelligence produces realistic sounds that fool humans

For robots to navigate the world, they need to be able to make reasonable assumptions about their surroundings and what might happen during a …

Artificial Intelligence

HP just officially made backpack VR computers a trend

HP's recently launched Omen gaming line will soon include a high-end PC that's also a backpack, designed for walking around in virtual reality. Because we live in a strange world, this is becoming far less unusual than it sounds.<p>The unnamed backpack PC (technically part of a premium "Omen X" line) …

The Netherlands EU Presidency

In the first half of 2016 the Netherlands held the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.<p>Highlights<p>The e-zine: Summing up the Presidency …

The new SLENDR technique: Protein labeling in the developing brain by genome editing

Dr. Ryohei Yasuda and his team have developed a method, called SLENDR, that allows precise modification of neuronal DNA in living samples. Using …

Imaging

First eukaryotes found without a normal cellular power supply

You can’t survive without mitochondria, the organelles that power most human cells. Nor, researchers thought, can any other eukaryotes—the group of …

Navigate your smartwatch by touching your skin

Smartwatches walk a fine line between functionality and fashion, but new SkinTrack technology from Carnegie Mellon University's Future Interfaces Group makes the size of the screen a moot point. The SkinTrack system consists of a ring that emits a continuous high-frequency AC signal and a sensing …

Wearable Tech

'Game-changer' for photonics applications: Researchers demonstrate record optical nonlinearity

Work by an internationally renowned University of Rochester professor may offer an alternative to the way in which researchers have approached some …

Math points to 100-times faster mapping of gene activity

The upshot of the new paper is that the sequencing pipeline could be made to flow tens to hundreds of times faster for the numerous genomic …

Seeing atoms and molecules in action with an electron 'eye'

A unique rapid-fire electron source—originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers—is helping scientists at the Department …

U.S. Dept. of Energy

Researchers create artificial protein to control assembly of buckyballs

A Dartmouth College scientist and his collaborators have created an artificial protein that organizes new materials at the nanoscale.<p>"This is a …

Mars' surface revealed in unprecedented detail

The surface of Mars – including the location of Beagle-2 – has been shown in unprecedented detail by UCL scientists using a revolutionary image …

Innovation

Chemists create battery technology with off-the-charts charging capacity

University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, …

Breakthroughs

How the brain consolidates memory during deep sleep

Research strongly suggests that sleep, which constitutes about a third of our lives, is crucial for learning and forming long-term memories. But …

Physicists discover flaws in superconductor theory

University of Houston physicists report finding major theoretical flaws in the generally accepted understanding of how a superconductor traps and …

Nanotech

Cooling chips with the flip of a switch

Turn on an electric field, and a standard electrocaloric material will eject heat to its surroundings as its internal dipoles reorder themselves. Do …

Pennsylvania State University

A programming language for living cells

MIT biological engineers have created a programming language that allows them to rapidly design complex, DNA-encoded circuits that give new functions …

Programming Languages

Changing river path seen through satellite images

Sedimentary geologist Zoltan Sylvester downloaded Landsat data using Earth Explorer and strung together images of the Ucayali River to see the …

Google Earth

MEMS technology adapted into super-sensitive gravity detector

Scientists have found a way to adapt a system often found in smartphones to create a super-sensitive detector capable of measuring minute changes in …

Nanotech

Flat boron is a superconductor

Rice University scientists have determined that two-dimensional boron is a natural low-temperature superconductor. In fact, it may be the only 2-D …

Rice University

Fooling The Machine

The Byzantine science of deceiving artificial intelligence<p>Fooling The Machine<p>Fooling The Machine<p>By Dave Gershgorn<p>In the early 1900s, Wilhelm von Osten, a German horse trainer and mathematician, told the world that his horse could do math. For years, Von Osten traveled Germany giving demonstrations …

Deep Learning

Expectation may be essential to memory formation

A theory that links memory encoding to expectations of future relevance may better explain how human memory works, according to a team of Penn State …

Scientists discover another design principle for building nanostructures

When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That's because hollow tubes that have …

Nanotech

Scientists Just Removed HIV from Human Immune Cells Using CRISPR Gene-Editing

This is the Power of CRISPR<p>Using the much-touted CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method, scientists have demonstrated how they can edit HIV out of human …

'Silencer molecules' switch off cancer's ability to spread around body

Scientists have revealed that a key molecule in breast and lung cancer cells can help switch off the cancers' ability to spread around the body.

Reverse your diabetes—and you can stay diabetes-free long-term

A new study from Newcastle University has shown that people who reverse their diabetes and then keep their weight down remain free of diabetes.

Unlocking the secrets of gene expression: Scientists make major advance in understanding a basic process of life

Your DNA governs more than just what color your eyes are and whether you can curl your tongue. Your genes contain instructions for making all your …

Atoms

Life’s Secrets Sought in a Snowflake

A single genetic change and some clever geometry show how single-celled organisms can band together to form cooperative multicellular entities.<p>Until …

Biology