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By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of the most popular articles on Roman history from Ancient History Encyclopedia. Battles, emperors, buildings, daily life and more.

Hadrian’s Villa Statue of Capitoline Antinous

This week’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a marble statue of a young nude, the so-called ‘Capitoline Antinous‘. It was found in 1723/24 during …

Julius Caesar: The Faults Behind the Myth

Last March marked the anniversary of Julius Caesar’s assassination over 2,000 years ago, and after two millennia, his legendary achievements still …

Julius Caesar

The Hadrianic aqueduct of Caesarea Maritima, Israel

Caesarea Maritima is perhaps one of Israel’s most famous attractions. Its ruins are located by the sea-shore of Israel about half way between Tel …

Horse Racing (U.S.)

Mithraic Mysteries

The Mithraic Mysteries, also known as Mithraism, were a mystery cult in the Roman world where followers worshipped the Indo-Iranian deity Mithras …

Pullum Numidicum

It has been over a year since I last blogged about ancient Roman cooking, even though I have tried a few more recipes in the meantime, as people who …

The Murder of Julius Caesar

Veni, vidi, vici! This was the simple message the Roman commander Julius Caesar sent to the Senate in Rome after a resounding victory in the east …

Mythological Re

To this day the ancient Romans remain infamous for their dramatic use of spectacle and other forms of entertainment. A lesser known variation of …

Hercules

Vitruvius

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 90 - c. 20 BCE), better known simply as Vitruvius, was a Roman military engineer and architect who wrote De Architectura

Architecture

Juno

After a long series of wars with Macedonia, the Roman army conquered the Greek peninsula, and as a consequence, Hellenic culture -- art, literature, …

Mythology

The Punic-Roman Temple of Antas, Sardinia

Nestled in the middle of the Iglesiente mountains in the southwestern part of Sardinia, the ruins of the Punic-Roman Temple of Antas offer visitors a …

Sardinia

Battle of Pydna

The Roman Republic was expanding, enlarging its sphere of influence along the Adriatic, so when several of the southern Greek city-states appealed to …

Rome

Janus

The Roman Republic owed much to the cultural influence of its Greek neighbors. For centuries the Greeks occupied a prominent position to the south on …

Janus

Cybele

History verifies the importance of religion not only on a society’s development but also on its survival; in this respect the Romans were no …

Rome

The Fratricide and Architecture: The Cendere Bridge

In the southeast of Turkey, not far from the city of Adiyaman, there lies a Roman bridge. It is one of the best preserved Roman structures in Turkey. …

Architecture

Bronze statue of Hadrian from the legionary camp at Tel Shalem (Judaea), Israel Museum

A magnificent bronze statue of Hadrian, now on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, was found by chance by an American tourist in Tel Shalem …

Ancient History

Tacitus' Account of The Battle of Mons Graupius

The Battle of Mons Graupius was fought in 83 CE between the invading forces of Rome, under the general Agricola, and the Picts, the indigenous people …

International Relations

Justinian's Plague (541-542 CE)

During the reign of the emperor Justinian I (527-565 CE), one of the worst outbreaks of the plague took place, claiming the lives of millions of …

Plague

Roman Mythology

For many people, the word “myth” may immediately bring to mind rich images of the ancient Greeks and their heroic tales of Zeus and the other …

Exploring Minturnae, a forgotten ancient city on the Appian Way - Ancient History et cetera

On a recent trip to Italy, I visited the Archaeological Area of Minturnae, a little-known but impressive archaeological site along the Appian …

Ancient Civilization

7 Stunning Roman Mosaics

The following seven Roman mosaics are all currently on display in the Palazzo Massimo alle Terme National Museum, Rome. Mosaics were a common feature …

Rome

The Battle of Philippi 42 BCE

The Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE was an all-Roman affair fought between the young Octavian, chosen heir of Julius Caesar, and the mercurial Mark …

Rome

Totila

Totila (birth name, Baduila-Badua reigned 541-552 CE) was the last great king of the Ostrogoths in Italy. He was the nephew of the Gothic king …

A Tribute to Augustus

This year marks the bimillennial anniversary of the death of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. He died on 19th August AD 14 at the age of 75 after a …

Exploring Aelia Capitolina, Hadrian's Jerusalem

With thousands of archaeological sites, Jerusalem is one of the most excavated cities on the planet and to walk its streets is to walk through …

10 Greek & Roman Frescoes

As a technique, true fresco painting (buon fresco) is the painting of colour pigments on wet lime plaster without a binding agent, and when the paint …

Fresco

Death's Mansions: The Columbaria of Imperial Rome

A columbarium is an underground chamber, which the Romans used for preserving the ashes of the dead. During the 1st and 2nd centuries CE, hundreds of …

Ancient History

Philinnion and Machates

Ghost stories have existed for thousands of years, often in similar forms and frequently dealing with the same themes, in many of the most ancient …

Theodoric the Great

Theodoric (known as Theodoric the Great and Flavius Theodoricus, 451 or 454 - 526 CE) was the king of the Ostrogoths who, at the encouragement and …

Attila the Hun

Attila the Hun (reigned 434-453 CE) was the leader of the nomadic people known as the Huns and ruler of the Hunnic Empire, which he established. His …