North & Central European History

By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of articles on Ancient History Encyclopedia covering Scotland, Celts, Goths and all things Northern European.

Venus Figurine

The term Venus figurine is used to describe the more than 200 small statuettes of voluptuous female figures that have been found at Upper Paleolithic …

Archaeology

Long Barrow

A long barrow is a class of Middle Neolithic (approximately 3500-2700 BCE) burial monument which is found extensively throughout the British Isles …

Archaeology

Vortigern

Vortigern was a 5th-century CE English ruler best known for inviting the Saxons to Britain to stop the incursions of the Picts and Scots and allowing …

The Literary Development of the Arthurian Legend

The Arthurian legend begins with the Welsh cleric Geoffrey of Monmouth (c. 1100 - c. 1155 CE). Earlier history writers such as Gildas, Bede, and …

Excalibur

Excalibur is the sword of King Arthur in Sir Thomas Malory's iconic work <i>Le Morte D'Arthur</i> published in in 1485 CE. The sword was originally …

The Historical King Arthur

The legends surrounding King Arthur and his knights have charmed and intrigued people for centuries and their popularity continues in the present …

King Arthur

King Arthur is among the most famous legendary characters of all time. The Arthurian legend of the Knights of the Round Table, Camelot, the Quest for …

Bede

Bede (c. 673 CE - 735 CE) was an English monk, historian, and scholar who lived in the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is at times referred to as the …

History

Beowulf

<i>Beowulf</i> is an epic poem composed in Old English consisting of 3,182 lines. It is written in the alliterative verse style, which is common for Old …

Oswald of Northumbria

Oswald of Northumbria (c. 604 - c. 642 CE) was a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon king and saint. He came to power in Northumbria c. 633 or 634 CE following …

Gildas

Gildas (c. 500-570 CE) was a Romano-British monk, known primarily for a work entitled <i>De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae</i>, translated as <i>On the Ruin and</i> …

Edda

Edda is a term used to describe two Icelandic manuscripts that were copied down and compiled in the 13th century CE. Together they are the main …

Celts

Definition<p>by Mark Cartwright<br>published on 22 July 2016<p>The ancient Celts were various population groups living in several parts of Europe north of the …

Legends of the Rollright Stones, Oxfordshire

The Rollright Stones is the collective name for a group of enigmatic prehistoric monuments located next to an ancient ridgeway known as the Jurassic …

Ireland

Ireland is an island country located in the North Atlantic, bounded by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St. George's Channel. It is known as <i>Eire</i> …

Newgrange

Newgrange is a Neolithic monument located in the region of Bru na Boinne, County Meath, Ireland. The name is fairly modern and comes from the 'newer' …

Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (5th century CE) is the patron saint of Ireland and one of the most successful Christian missionaries in history. He was a Roman …

Poulnabrone

Poulnabrone is a passage tomb in the region known as the Burren, County Clare, Ireland. The name means "Hole of the Quern Stones", but the site is …

Hill of Tara

The Hill of Tara is an ancient Neolithic Age site in County Meath, Ireland. It was known as the seat of the High Kings of Ireland, the site of …

Cerdic

Cerdic (reigned 519-534 CE) was King of the West Saxons and the founder of Wessex. His influence was so profound that later genealogies of the …

Samo

Samo (reigned 623/624-658 CE) was a king of the Slavs who was responsible for the foundation of the first recorded political entity of the Slavic …

Franks

The Franks were a confederation of Germanic tribes that was originally composed of a mix of groups settled between the Rhine and the Weser Rivers. …

Picts

The Picts were a people of northern Scotland who are defined as a "confederation of tribal units whose political motivations derived from a need to …

Alboin

Alboin (reigned 560-572 CE) was a king of the Lombards who led his people into Italy and founded the Kingdom of the Lombards which lasted from …

Huns

The Huns were a nomadic tribe whose origin is unknown but, most likely, they came from "somewhere between the eastern edge of the Altai Mountains and …

The Saxons

The Saxons were a Germanic tribe that originally occupied the region which today is the North Sea coast of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark. …

Gaiseric

Gaiseric (reigned 428-478 CE, also known as Genseric and Geiseric) was the greatest king of the Vandals who remained undefeated from the time he took …

Lombards

The Lombards were a Germanic tribe that originated in Scandinavia and migrated to the region of Pannonia (modern-day Hungary). Their migration is …

Pondering Britain's Stone Circles

Grand, centuries-old cathedrals distinguish Great Britain’s cities and towns, providing spiritual nourishment to those who visit. These places of …