Greek History

By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | All the most popular articles on ancient Greece from Ancient History Encyclopedia. Including mythology, wars, art, personalities and more.

A Visual Who's Who of Greek Mythology

The hero of the Trojan War, leader of the Myrmidons, slayer of Hector and Greece's greatest warrior, who sadly came unstuck when Paris sent a flying …

Periander

Periander was the second tyrant of Corinth (d. c. 587 BCE); Diogenes Laertius only mentions that he was eighty when he died, meaning that he was …

Western Philosophy

Sisyphus

Sisyphus (or Sisyphos) is a figure from Greek mythology who, as king of Corinth, became infamous for his general trickery and twice cheating death. …

Ancient History

Linear A Script

The Linear A script was the writing system used by the Minoan civilization. Examples of this script have been recovered from Cretan sites such as …

Perdiccas

Perdiccas (d. 321 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great's commanders, and after his death, custodian of the treasury, regent over Philip III and …

History

Aristotle's On the Heavens

One of Aristotle’s more famous quotes was, "All men naturally desire knowledge" ("πντες νθρωποι το εδναι ργονται φσει") (Aristotle, Metaphysics, …

Space

Attalid Dynasty

The Attalid dynasty ruled an empire from their capital at Pergamon during the 3rd and 2nd century BCE. Fighting for their place in the turbulent …

The Delian League, Part 6: The Decelean War and the Fall of Athens (413/2-404/3 BCE)

The sixth and last phase of the Delian League begins with the Decelean War, also referred to as the Ionian War, and ends with the surrender of Athens …

Greece

The Delian League, Part 5: The Peace of Nicias, Quadruple Alliance, and Sicilian Expedition (421/0-413/2 BCE)

The fifth phase of the Delian League begins with the Peace of Nicias – a settlement that settled nothing – and ends with the start of the Decelean …

The Delian League, Part 4: The Ten Years War (431/0-421/0 BCE)

The fourth phase of the Delian League encompasses the first part of the Great Peloponnesian War, also referred to as the Ten Years War, sometimes …

Ancient Greece

Tegea

Tegea was an ancient Greek city-state or polis in the southeast of Arcadia in the Peloponnese. The city participated in wider Greek affairs such as …

Ancient History

The Delian League, Part 3: From the Thirty Years Peace to the Start of the Ten Years War (445/4431/0 BCE)

The third phase of the Delian League begins with the Thirty Years Peace between Athens and Sparta and ends with the start of the Ten Years War (445/4 …

Ancient History

The Delian League, Part 2: From Eurymedon to the Thirty Years Peace (465/4-445/4 BCE)

The second phase of the Delian League’s operations begins with the Hellenic victory over Mede forces at Eurymedon and ends with the Thirty Years …

Greece

The Delian League, Part 1: Origins Down to the Battle of Eurymedon (480/79-465/4 BCE)

The modern term Delian League refers to the primarily maritime συμμχα or symmachy (offensive-defensive alliance) among various Greek poleis, which …

Ancient History

The Olive in the Ancient Mediterranean

Olives and olive oil were not only an important component of the ancient Mediterranean diet but also one of the most successful industries in …

Ancient History

Epicurus

Epicurus (341 BCE – 270 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the founder of the Epicurean school in Athens, who taught that "Pleasure is the …

Amphora

An amphora (Greek: amphoreus) is a jar with two vertical handles used in antiquity for the storage and transportation of foodstuffs such as wine and …

Wine in the Ancient Mediterranean

Wine was the most popular manufactured drink in the ancient Mediterranean. With a rich mythology, everyday consumption, and important role in rituals …

The Plague at Athens, 430-427 BCE

In the 2nd year of the Peloponnesian War, 430 BCE, an outbreak of plague erupted in Athens. The illness would persist throughout scattered parts of …

Hellenistic Warfare

When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire devoid of leadership. Without a named successor or heir, the old commanders simply …

Alexander the Great as a God

The age-old concept of the “divine right of kings” allowed that a country’s ruler received his or her power or authority from God. However, few, if …

Women in Ancient Greece

Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman’s place was in the home …

Women's News

Magic in Ancient Greece

For the Greeks magic (mageia or goeteia) was a wide-ranging topic which involved spells and evil prayers (epoidai), curse tablets (katadesmoi), …

Ancient History

Food & Agriculture in Ancient Greece

The prosperity of the majority of Greek city-states was based on agriculture and the ability to produce the necessary surplus which allowed some …

Greek Coinage

The coinage of ancient Greece has given us some of the most recognisable images from antiquity as they were stamped with designs to proudly declare …

Ancient History

Wars of the Diadochi

On June 10, 323 BCE Alexander the Great died in Babylon. Although historians have debated the exact cause most agree that the empire he built was …

Greek Theatre

Greek theatre began in the 6th century BCE in Athens with the performance of tragedy plays at religious festivals. These, in turn, inspired the genre …

Bassae

Bassae (Bassai), located in south-west Arcadia on the slopes of Mt. Kotilion, was an important temple site in the Archaic and Classical periods. Its …

Ancient History

Samothrace

Samothrace (Samothrake) is a Greek island in the northern Aegean which was prominent from the Classical period as a member of the Delian League. Its …