General History Topics

By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of articles and definitions which sweep across the whole ancient world to give a unique insight and comparison of ancient cultures.

Dolmen

A dolmen is a megalithic structure typically formed from a large horizontal stone slab resting on two or more upright slabs. The oldest European …

Ancient History

The Dolmens of Sicily

It is a well-known fact that Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean sea, went through a quite complex prehistoric period. So much so that it …

Bronze Age

King David

According to biblical tradition (and some say myth), David (c. 1035 - 970 BCE) was the second king in the ancient United Kingdom of Israel who helped …

Copper_in_Antiquity

Copper was probably the first metal used by ancient cultures, and the oldest artefacts made with it date to the Neolithic period. The shiny red-brown …

Paleolithic

The Palaeolithic (‘Old Stone Age’) makes up the earliest chunk of the Stone Age – the large swathe of time during which hominins used stone to make …

Anthropology

Silver_in_Antiquity

Silver had great value and aesthetic appeal in many ancient cultures where it was used to make jewellery, tableware, figurines, ritual objects and …

Uluburun Shipwreck

The Uluburun shipwreck is a Bronze Age vessel discovered lying off the coast of Kas, Turkey. The ship, probably originally from Phoenicia/Canaan, …

Archaeology

Amber in Antiquity

Amber, the fossilised resin of trees, was used throughout the ancient world for jewellery and decorative objects. The main source was the Baltic …

Ancient History

Denisovan

The Denisovans are an extinct group of fossil humans who, along with their sister group the Neanderthals, also share an ancestor with <i>Homo sapiens</i>. …

Anthropology

Woolly Mammoth

The woolly mammoth, <i>Mammuthus primigenius</i>, is an extinct herbivore related to elephants who trudged across the steppe-tundras of Eurasia and North …

Anthropology

Silk in Antiquity

Silk is a fabric first produced in Neolithic China from the filaments of the cocoon of the silk worm. It became a staple source of income for small …

Ancient History

Homo naledi

<i>Homo naledi</i> is an extinct species of human discovered in Rising Star Cave in South Africa in 2013 CE in what has become the biggest single-species …

Archaeology

The Neanderthal-Sapiens Connection

In May 2010, after years of intense discussions surrounding possible fossils of mixed <i>Homo sapiens</i> and Neanderthal descent floating around the …

Anthropology

Homo_floresiensis

<i>Homo floresiensis</i>, nicknamed ‘hobbit’ because it only stood about 1 meter tall, is an extinct species of fossil human that lived on the island of …

Anthropology

Ice Age

An ice age is a period in which the earth’s climate is colder than normal, with ice sheets capping the poles and glaciers dominating higher …

Climate Change

Early Human Migration

Disregarding the extremely inhospitable spots even the most stubborn of us have enough common sense to avoid, humans have managed to cover an …

Studying History Evaluating Sources

History (from the Greek ἱστορία, meaning ‘a learning or knowing by inquiry’) can be broadly taken to indicate the past in general but is usually …

The Origin and History of the BCE/CE Dating System

In recent years, a persistent criticism has been leveled against the use of the BCE/CE system (Before the Common or Current Era/Common or Current …

Theology

Homo_heidelbergensis

<i>Homo heidelbergensis</i> is an extinct species of human that is identified in both Africa and western Eurasia from roughly 700,000 years ago onwards …

Anthropology

Homo_sapiens

<i>Homo sapiens</i> (‘wise man’), or modern humans, are the only species of human still around today. Despite having invented countless ways of labelling …

Anthropology

Chauvet Cave

The Chauvet Cave (also known as the Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave) is a Palaeolithic cave situated near Vallon-Pont-d’Arc in the Ardèche region of southern …

Homo_erectus

Who were they?<p>In the 1890s CE, fossils found by Eugène Dubois at the site of Trinil on Java, Indonesia, became the first to be classified as</i> …

Stone Age Tools

As the Stone Age covers around 99% of our human technological history, it would seem there is a lot to talk about when looking at the development of …

Prehistoric Hunter-gatherer Societies

Hunter-gatherer societies are – true to their astoundingly descriptive name – cultures in which human beings obtain their food by hunting, fishing, …

Neanderthal

When & where did they live?<p>Owing to the difficulties that the process of evolution adds to the classification of species, there is no clear-cut date …

Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic, deontological, grass–roots, Jewish sectarian movement that focuses upon the life, teachings, and mission of Jesus of …

Lascaux Cave

Lascaux Cave is a Palaeolithic cave situated in southwestern France, near the village of Montignac in the Dordogne region, which houses some of the …

The Monastic Movement: Origins Purposes

In 313 CE, Constantine the Great (272 – 337 CE) ended the sporadic-yet-terrifying Christian persecutions under the Roman Empire with his “Edict of …

The Eastern Perspective on the Trinity

All too often, the Eastern perspective on the Trinity is mistakenly overlooked by Western society in the study of Church History. This is …