Asian History

By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of Ancient History Encyclopedia's most popular content on ancient India, China, Korea, Japan and more.

Esoteric Buddhism

Esoteric Buddhism is also known by the terms Mantrayana and Tantra. These teachings are secret and not available to just anyone, whereas Exoteric …

Buddhism

Mahayana Buddhism

Mahayana Buddhism is prevalent in north Asia having spread from northern India, then to Tibet and central Asia, China, Korea, and lastly Japan. Due …

Buddhism

Prince Shotoku: Founder of Japanese Buddhism and the Japanese Nation

In Japan in 573 CE <i>Anahobe</i>, the wife of the Emperor’s son, had a dream of a priest in golden robes who asked her if he could lodge in her womb as he …

Buddhism

Lycia

Lycia is a mountainous region in south-west Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey). The earliest references to Lycia can be traced …

Ancient History

A Visual Glossary of Hindu Architecture

<b>Adisthana</b> <b></b>- the decorative raised platform on which a temple is built.<p><b>Alasa</b> <b></b><b>kanya</b> - a decorative female figure.<p><b>Amalaka</b> - a large fluted stone disc …

Ancient History

Dolmens of Ancient Korea

Dolmens (in Korean: <i>koindol</i>or <i>chisongmyo</i>) are simple structures made of monolithic stones erected during the late Neolithic period or Korean Bronze Age …

Archaeology

Cunda: the Beginnings of Lay Buddhism

The frail Buddha Shakyamuni, known as Gautama Buddha and the Historical Buddha, had reached the end of his physical life and long teaching career. He …

Buddhism

Later Three Kingdoms Period

The Later Three Kingdoms period (889-935 CE) of ancient Korea saw a partial revival of the old three kingdoms which had dominated the peninsula from …

History

Ancient Korean Chinese Relations

Contact between Korea and China goes back to mythology and prehistory. Trade developed from the Bronze and Iron Ages with raw materials and …

China

Silla Pottery

The pottery of ancient Korea stretches back to prehistory when simple brown wares were made and decorated with geometrical incisions and ends with …

Ancient History

Ancient Korean Japanese Relations

Ancient East Asia was dominated by the three states known today as China, Japan, and Korea. These kingdoms traded raw materials and high-quality …

Japan

Jang Bogo

Jang Bogo (aka Chang Pogo or Gungbok) was a powerful Korean warlord, naval commander, and merchant who came to monopolise maritime trade in northeast …

Ancient Pyongyang

Pyongyang was the capital of several successive ancient Korean kingdoms. Located on the Daedong (Taedong) River in the north of the peninsula, the …

Ancient History

Gyeongju

Gyeongju (Kyongju), formerly known as Sorabol or Saro, was the capital of the Silla kingdom of ancient Korea from the 1st century BCE to the 10th …

Ancient History

Hwarang

The <i>hwarang</i> was a state-sponsored organisation for the education of elite young males in the ancient kingdom of Silla, Korea. Variously translated as …

Buddhism

Buddhist Illuminated Scripts of Ancient Korea

The Goryeo (Koryo) kingdom ruled ancient Korea from 918 CE to 1392 CE, and it oversaw a flourishing of the arts, literature, and architecture. One of …

Ancient Korean Sculpture

The sculpture of ancient Korea was dominated by Buddhist themes such as figurines and monumental statues of the Buddha and his followers, and large …

Ancient History

Zen Buddhism in Ancient Korea

Buddhism was introduced from China to ancient Korea in the 4th century BCE and adopted as the official state religion by the Kingdoms of Baekje, …

Buddhism

Buddhism in Ancient Korea

Buddhism, in Korean <i>Pulgyo</i>, was introduced by monks who visited and studied in China and then brought back various Buddhist sects during the Three …

Buddhism

Brahmi Script

The Brahmi script is the earliest writing system developed in India after the Indus script. It is one of the most influential writing systems; all …

Ancient History

Famous Buddhist Monks of Ancient Korea

Throughout ancient Korea's history Buddhist monks were a particularly important element of state and religious affairs. From the 4th century CE …

Buddhism

15 Complete Hyangga Songs from Ancient Korea

<i>Hyangga</i> was a form poetical 'country song,' distinct from contemporary Chinese songs, which were written in the Silla and Goryeo kingdoms of ancient …

Buddhism

Confucianism in Ancient Korea

Principles of Confucianism were adopted by successive dynasties and kingdoms in ancient Korea, and the study of classic Confucian texts was an …

Shamanism in Ancient Korea

Shamanism was widely practised in Korea from prehistoric times right up to the modern era. It is a belief system which originated in north-east Asian …

Mysticism

Taejo of Goryeo

Taejo (r. 918-943 CE), previously known as Wang Geon or Wang Kon, was the founder and first king of the Goryeo (Koryo) kingdom which unified and …

China

Samguk Sagi

The <i>Samguk</i> <i>sagi</i>('History of the Three Kingdoms' or 'Historical Records of the Three States') is a 12th-century CE text written by Kim Pusik which is …

The Tombs of Goguryeo

Goguryeo (Koguryo) ruled northern Korea during the Three Kingdoms period from the 1st century BCE to 7th century CE, and the best evidence of the …

Kim Yushin

Kim Yushin (aka Kim Yu-sin, 595-673 CE) was a general of the Silla kingdom which ruled south-eastern Korea during the Three Kingdoms Period. Kim …

Ancient History

Cheonmachong

Cheonmachong is a 5-6th-century CE royal tomb of the ancient Silla kingdom of Korea located at the Daereungwon Tomb Complex in Gyeongju. It is …