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By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of Ancient History Encyclopedia's most popular content on ancient India, China, Japan and more.

Armenia’s Conversion to Christianity

In 301 CE, the ruling circles of the Kingdom of Great Armenia decided to convert their entire nation to Christianity. This revolutionary break with …

Christianity

Sauska

Sauska (also known as Shaushka, Sausga, and Anzili) was the Hurrian-Hittite goddess of fertility, war, and healing. She was worshipped throughout the …

Visit our Online Shop!

We've set up an online shop! It's that time of the year when greeting cards are in order. If you're tired of sending reindeer or Santa cards, our …

Ancient History

Harappa: An Overview of Harappan Architecture and Town Planning

Introduction Harappa is a large village presently in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. The modern town is a part of, and lies next to, the ancient …

Architecture

Desert Kites

Desert kites are constructions that consist of two long walls converging upon an enclosed space that has on its periphery small stone constructions …

Prehistory

Stupa

The stupa, an architectural structure usually housing the cremated remains or possessions of important saintly figures, is considered to be the …

Religion

Indus Script

The Indus Script is the writing system developed by the Indus Valley Civilization, an ancient civilization located in what today is eastern Pakistan …

Indus

A Short History of the Buddhist Schools

Introduction

Like any other religious tradition, Buddhism has undergone a number of different transformations that have led to the emergence of many …

The dates of the Buddha

Buddhism is one of the most influential traditions of the Eastern world, with about two and a half thousand years of development. It has touched and …

Cultural links between India and the Greco-Roman world

Cyrus the Great (558-530 BC) built the first universal empire, stretching from Greece to the Indus River. This was the famous Achaemenid Dynasty of …

Zoroaster

Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra) was an important religious figure in ancient Persia (present-day Iran and surrounding areas), whose teachings …

Theology

Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BCE) was the longest-lasting of China’s dynasties. It followed the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BCE) and it finished when …

Asia

Yin and Yang

The principle of Yin and Yang is a fundamental concept in Chinese philosophy and culture in general dating from the third century BCE or even …

Vishnu

Vishnu is one of the most important gods in the Hindu pantheon and, along with Brahma and Shiva, is considered a member of the holy trinity …

Upanishads (Encyclopedia Definition)

The Upanishads are a collection of texts of religious and philosophical nature, written in India probably between c. 800 BCE and c. 500 BCE, during a …

Religion

The Vedas

The Vedas are a collection of hymns and other religious texts composed in India between about 1500 and 1000 BCE. It includes elements such as …

Sutra

Sutra is a type of religious literature present in many Asian traditions such as Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. The word sutra is a Sanskrit term …

Susanoo

Take-haya-Susa-no-wo or Susanoo is the storm god of the Shinto religion. Younger brother of the sun goddess Amaterasu, he is infamous for his …

Sun-Tzu

Sun Tzu is known as a Chinese military strategist, Taoist philosopher, and general in the 6th century BCE who is widely recognized for his work The

Stupa

The stupa, an architectural structure usually housing the cremated remains or possessions of important saintly figures, is considered to be the …

Sogdiana

Sogdiana (or Sogdia) is a region in Central Asia between the mighty rivers Iaxartes in the north and Oxus in the south. Its eastern and western …

Sima Qian

For history lovers, the valuable gift of China’s long tradition is largely owed to Sima Qian (c. 145 - 86 BCE). Although he is commonly referred to …

Asia

Siddhartha Gautama

Siddhartha Gautama (also known as the Buddha “the awakened one”) was the leader and founder of a sect of wanderer ascetics (Sramanas), one of many …

Shiva

Shiva (or Siva) is one of the most important gods in the Hindu pantheon and, along with Brahma and Vishnu, is considered a member of the holy trinity …

Shichi Fukujin

In Japanese folklore the Shichi Fukujin are the Seven Gods of Fortune who may also be known as the Seven Gods of Happiness or the Seven Lucky Gods. …

Shi Huangti

Shi Huangti (259-210 BCE, also known as Qin Shi Huang, Qin Shih Huandi, Shih Huan-ti) was the first emperor of a unified China. The name `Shi …

Qin Dynasty

The Qin dynasty was brief in duration (221-206 BCE) but very important in Chinese history. It followed the Zhou dynasty (1046-256 BCE) and it ended …

Perfection of Wisdom

“Perfection of Wisdom” is the English translation of the name of a large series of Mahayana Buddhist texts named in Sanskrit Prajnaparamita, sometimes …

Mo Ti

Mo Ti (470-391 BCE, also known as Mot Tzu, Mozi, and Micius) was a Chinese philosopher of the Warring States period. He is best known as the founder …