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By Ancient History Encyclopedia www.ancient.eu | A selection of Ancient History Encyclopedia's most popular content on ancient India, China, Japan and more.

Gandhara Civilization

Gandhara was the name given to the land and its associated civilization that existed in what is now northern Pakistan and Afghanistan from the mid …

Religion

Aihole

Aiholi (Ayyavole) was an ancient walled city in Karnataka, central India. Aiholi was the first regional capital of the Karnakata region under the …

India

Garuda

Garuda is a bird creature from Hindu mythology that has a mix of eagle and human features. He is the vehicle (vahana) of Vishnu and appears on the …

Sparrow

White Huns (Hephthalites)

The White Huns were a race of largely nomadic peoples who were a part of the Hunnic tribes of Central Asia. They ruled over an expansive area …

India

Katas Raj

The Katas Raj Temples near Chakwal in Punjab province of Pakistan are attributed to the eras of the Hindu Shahis (Kings) dating from about 615-950 CE …

Ganges

The River Ganges, also known as the Ganga, flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. Regarded …

Ganges

Gupta Architecture

The Gupta Dynasty, founded by Chandragupta I (accession c. 320 CE), ruled in North Central India between the 4th and 6th centuries CE and the period …

Architecture

Agni

Agni is the Hindu god of fire. He is regarded as the friend and protector of humanity, in particular, he safeguards the home. Various forms of fire …

Religion

Brahma

Brahma is the Hindu Creator god. He is also known as the Grandfather and as a later equivalent of Prajapati, the primeval first god. In early Hindu …

Religion

Taxila

When it comes to Ancient History Pakistan contains its fair share of treasures, one of the prominent of these being the ancient metropolis of Taxila, …

Theology

Armenia’s Conversion to Christianity

In 301 CE, the ruling circles of the Kingdom of Great Armenia decided to convert their entire nation to Christianity. This revolutionary break with …

Christianity

Sauska

Sauska (also known as Shaushka, Sausga, and Anzili) was the Hurrian-Hittite goddess of fertility, war, and healing. She was worshipped throughout the …

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We've set up an online shop! It's that time of the year when greeting cards are in order. If you're tired of sending reindeer or Santa cards, our …

Ancient History

Harappa: An Overview of Harappan Architecture and Town Planning

Introduction Harappa is a large village presently in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. The modern town is a part of, and lies next to, the ancient …

Architecture

Desert Kites

Desert kites are constructions that consist of two long walls converging upon an enclosed space that has on its periphery small stone constructions …

Prehistory

Stupa

The stupa, an architectural structure usually housing the cremated remains or possessions of important saintly figures, is considered to be the …

Religion

Indus Script

The Indus Script is the writing system developed by the Indus Valley Civilization, an ancient civilization located in what today is eastern Pakistan …

A Short History of the Buddhist Schools

Introduction

Like any other religious tradition, Buddhism has undergone a number of different transformations that have led to the emergence of many …

The dates of the Buddha

Buddhism is one of the most influential traditions of the Eastern world, with about two and a half thousand years of development. It has touched and …

Cultural links between India and the Greco-Roman world

Cyrus the Great (558-530 BC) built the first universal empire, stretching from Greece to the Indus River. This was the famous Achaemenid Dynasty of …

Zoroaster

Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra) was an important religious figure in ancient Persia (present-day Iran and surrounding areas), whose teachings …

Theology

Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BCE) was the longest-lasting of China’s dynasties. It followed the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BCE) and it finished when …

Asia

Yin and Yang

The principle of Yin and Yang is a fundamental concept in Chinese philosophy and culture in general dating from the third century BCE or even …

Vishnu

Vishnu is one of the most important gods in the Hindu pantheon and, along with Brahma and Shiva, is considered a member of the holy trinity …

Upanishads

The Upanishads are a collection of texts of religious and philosophical nature, written in India probably between c. 800 BCE and c. 500 BCE, during a …

Religion

The Vedas

The Vedas are a collection of hymns and other religious texts composed in India between about 1500 and 1000 BCE. It includes elements such as …

Sutra

Sutra is a type of religious literature present in many Asian traditions such as Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. The word sutra is a Sanskrit term …

Susanoo

Take-haya-Susa-no-wo or Susanoo is the storm god of the Shinto religion. Younger brother of the sun goddess Amaterasu, he is infamous for his …

Sun-Tzu

Sun Tzu is known as a Chinese military strategist, Taoist philosopher, and general in the 6th century BCE who is widely recognized for his work The