Ziri Riri

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KS3 History - The Islamic world in the Middle Ages - Revision 1

A summary of the Islamic world in the Middle Ages<p>The 'Islamic world' was not a single state in the Middle Ages, but the different countries which formed it had many things in common:<p>It was united – the Umma was the community of all Muslim believers and shared a commitment to Islam.<br>• Religion and …

When will Britain face up to its crimes against humanity?

After the abolition of slavery, Britain paid millions in compensation – but every penny of it went to slave owners, and nothing to those they enslaved. We must stop overlooking the brutality of British history. By Kris Manjapra<p>On 3 August 1835, somewhere in the City of London, two of Europe’s most …

Abolition

Know Your Lore: The forgotten kingdom of Alterac

Perhaps it never should have been a kingdom at all. These days, the only time anyone hears the word Alterac is in reference to a snowy valley, rich …

Ottoman Empire on the Offensive: 1300 - 1600 - Timeline of the Crusades

A Timeline of the Crusades, 1300 - 1600: Christianity vs. Islam<p>Although the Crusades themselves were long finished, Christian Europe continued to be …

Palestinians have spent decades battling Israel. Now they’re battling each other.

A Palestinian civil war is making independence seem further away than ever before.<p>Palestinians are facing an existential crisis over the future of their struggle for independence, but this time the enemy isn’t just Israel. Instead, they’re fighting each other — and the clash has major stakes for …

Modern Wars Are a Nightmare for the Army's Official Historians

The researchers compiling the U.S. Army’s accounts of Iraq and Afghanistan have an unprecedented—and overwhelming—volume of material to work through.<p>When Major Spencer Williams was ordered to “shut down shop and move out” of Afghanistan in 2005, he closed his final message from the field as he …

The Moor’s Last Stand and Blood and Faith review – the expulsion of Muslims from Spain

Two books, one by Elizabeth Drayson and one by Matthew Carr, investigate the harsh fate of the Moors and their heirs from the 15th to 17th centuries<p>For centuries, visitors from the rest of Europe were disgusted by Spain. The problem was not that city streets remained unpaved, or that its rough …

World History

Fifty Fantastic Facts from the First World War

How did WW1 air pilots became 'Aces'? How many shells were fired by the British during the Battle of the Somme? Why were trenches built in a zig-zag and who was the youngest winner of the Victoria Cross?<p>If you want to know the answers to these questions and many more like it, then check out these …

20 priceless monuments lost in conflict - CNN Style

It is a cruel irony that a region so blessed with the treasures of early human civilizations is also among those most troubled by conflict. As violence threatens to annihilate some of history's greatest monuments, we count the cost of our irreplaceable losses.

Why Is Syria Hell on Earth? Here’s the Ugly but True Answer…

The son of the president was driving way too fast through the early morning fog. He was rushing to the airport to catch a flight to Germany. He …

Six years of war in Syria: 'I regret that so many innocent people had to die,' says the boy whose defiance sparked the conflict

Mouawiya Syasneh does not like to reflect on the past six years as the memories only bring pain and sadness. But it is the sense of guilt that weighs heaviest on the 20-year-old.<p>Syasneh became an unlikely revolutionary when at 14-years-old, he and a group of friends spray-painted graffiti on the …

5 Major Myths About Syria Debunked

The country's long civil war has spawned plenty of misinformation.<p>Syria’s civil war is a conflict rife with misinformation and reports that are difficult to prove. Much of the country is inaccessible to journalists on the ground, and news coming out of the country is often filtered through …

Middle East

Wadi Barada – What Happened to Damascus’s Water?

On the 23rd of December, the water supply to Damascus was cut off by the Damascus Water Authority after it was alleged to have been contaminated with …

Middle East

Why I deserted the Syrian army

Since the first months of the Syrian revolution in 2011, desertions from the ranks of the Syrian regime's army have been a daily phenomenon. Tens of …

NFL, College Sports, NBA and Recruiting

Why one-sided reporting on Syria harbours big dangers

There is no such thing as “objective" journalism. Most journalists and analysts would agree on that. Instead, coverage can be compared with the …

The 100-Year-Old Carve-Up Bleeding the Middle East Today

How two men, one British, one French, got together and drew a new map – betraying promises and inventing nations like Syria and Iraq. And left a mess …

Syrian Opposition Factions in the Syrian Civil War

<i>The following collaboratively written article is the result of months of research in a joint project by</i> <i>Ryan O’Farrell</i> <i>and</i> <i>Cody Roche. Please save or</i> …

The 10 Best Modern World War II Movies

The films made in recent years that continue to illuminate specific corners of one of history's darkest chapters.<p><i>Editor’s Note: This article is</i> …

World War II

Why is Castello Road important for residents of Syria’s Aleppo?

How to stay anonymous online

Anonymity networks protect people living under repressive regimes from surveillance of their Internet use. But the recent discovery of …

MIT

These maps show the progression of Russian airstrikes in Syria

The first map appeared less than 24 hours after the Russians began strikes and they continue today as do the strikes despite a declared "cessation of hostilities" and an alleged Russian withdrawal.<p>These maps helped show the world that Russia's claims of striking "terrorists" were clearly not …

Middle East

Is Israel Preparing for War Against Hezbollah?

BEIRUT -- How does Israel read the Middle East these days? Few details on its national security strategy are explicitly and publicly expressed. But at the annual Herzliya Security Conference in mid-June, it was possible to read between the lines of officials' speeches and form a fairly accurate …

This one map shows the mounting tensions between NATO and Russia

With the continuation of hostilities in Ukraine and the US and Russia backing opposite sides in the Syrian Civil War, relations between Moscow and NATO have continued to sink to some of their lowest levels since the end of the Cold War.<p>This continuation of tensions has led Russia and NATO to carry …

Russia

The US and Russia may have just sealed Al Qaeda's fate in Syria

Al Qaeda has thrived in Syria thanks to the continued political survival of Syrian President Bashar Assad and Washington's failure to adequately support the revolution's more moderate opposition groups, Syria expert Charles Lister wrote Wednesday.<p>"The principal benefactor of Assad's survival is not …

Elie Wiesel’s two sides: The Holocaust survivor gave voice to Jewish victims while ignoring others’ suffering

<b>FILE - In this Dec. 10, 2009 file photo, Elie Wiesel listens during an interview with The Associated Press in Budapest, Hungary. Wiesel, the Nobel laureate and Holocaust survivor has died. His death was announced Saturday, July 2, 2016 by Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial. (AP Photo/Bela</b> …

Israel

The US Has Screwed Up in the Muslim World for 36 Years

Beginning with the Carter Doctrine, the US has aggressively injected itself into the Muslim world but with little to show for it besides a record of …

Which Is the Greater Evil -- Terrorism or Governments' Response to It?

<i>Co-authored by Jim Sisco</i><p>Governments can maintain greater legitimacy among their populace and be more effective combating terrorism if they harness the collective power of their people in fighting it, rather than operating under the premise that it is their people who are the source of the problem. …

The Top-Secret Cold War Plan to Keep Soviet Hands Off Middle Eastern Oil

Fearing a Russian invasion, the U.S. and Britain were prepared to ravage the region’s oil industry—and even considered going nuclear.<p>On a cool summer day in London in 1951, an American CIA officer told three British oil executives about a top-secret U.S. government plan. The goal was to ravage the …

11 basic Excel tricks that will change your life

Microsoft Excel is an amazing piece of software, and even regular users might not be getting as much out of it as they can. Improve your Excel efficiency and proficiency with these basic shortcuts and functions that absolutely everyone needs to know.<p>Of course you can move from cell to cell with …

Tutorials