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Functionalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Functionalism is the doctrine that what makes something a thought, desire, pain (or any other type of mental state) depends not on its internal …

Incompatibilist (Nondeterministic) Theories of Free Will (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Some incompatibilist accounts require neither that a free action be caused by anything nor that it have any internal causal structure. Some views of …

Integrity (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1. Integrity as Self-Integration<p>On the self-integration view of integrity, integrity is a matter of persons integrating various parts of their …

Ethics of Stem Cell Research (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

The potential therapeutic benefits of HESC research provide strong grounds in favor of the research. If looked at from a strictly consequentialist …

Justice and Access to Health Care (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1. What Societies Do About Access to Care<p>We might seek guidance from how some societies assure access to care, keeping in mind that what societies …

Moral Reasoning (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

This article takes up moral reasoning as a species of practical reasoning — that is, as a type of reasoning directed towards deciding what to do and, …

The Grounds of Moral Status (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1. For Which Entities Does the Question of Moral Status Arise?<p>A variety of applied ethics debates regarding how certain beings – human beings, …

The Logic of Action (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Already St. Anselm studied the concept of action in a way that must be classified as logical; had he known symbolic logic, he would certainly have …

Cloning (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Strictly speaking, cloning is the creation of a genetic copy of a sequence of DNA or of the entire genome of an organism. In the latter sense, …

Moral Luck (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

The idea that morality is immune from luck finds inspiration in Kant:<p>A good will is not good because of what it effects or accomplishes, because of …