Toni McDaniel

112 Flips | 3 Magazines | 45 Followers | @ToniMcDanie2015 | Keep up with Toni McDaniel on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates a personalized magazine full of everything, from world news to life’s great moments. Download Flipboard for free and search for “Toni McDaniel”

Europe’s Triumphs and Troubles Are Written in Swiss Ice

As plague swept through Europe in the mid-1300s, wiping out more than a third of the region’s population, a glacier in the Alps was recording the upheaval of medieval society.<p>While tens of millions of people were dying, pollen from the plants, trees and crops growing in Western Europe were being …

Glaciers

Freddie Oversteegen, Dutch resistance fighter who killed Nazis through seduction, dies at 92

By Harrison Smith<p>Harrison Smith<p>Obituary writer<p>Email Bio Follow<p>She was 14 when she joined the Dutch resistance, though with her long, dark hair in braids she looked at least two years younger.<p>When she rode her bicycle down the streets of Haarlem in North Holland, firearms hidden in a basket, Nazi …

World War II

A Swastika on a Church Bell: A Village Splits on How to Confront Nazi Past

HERXHEIM AM BERG, Germany — After she found out there was a swastika on the church bell, Sigrid Peters refused to continue playing the organ during services.<p>Shielded from public view, high up a rickety wooden staircase inside the yellow church tower, the bell is still suspended where it was first …

World History

Long-lost Roman library reemerges in Germany after 2,000 years in darkness

When the Romans expanded across Europe 2,000 years ago, they made inroads into almost every corner of the continent, fighting as far away as Scotland and sending its coins to what today is Estonia.<p>But Germany posed a particular challenge. In the year 9 of our modern calendar system, the Romans …

German History

An ancient lake holds secrets to the Mayan civilization’s mysterious collapse, study finds

The sediment under a lake in Mexico contains some of the long-sought answers to the mystery of the Mayan demise.<p>Ancient Mayans, primarily concentrated in what is now the Yucatan Peninsula, were among the most advanced civilizations of their time. Mayans were some of the first to build cities. They …

The Decline of the Civil War Re-enactor

GETTYSBURG, Pa. — The sun rose on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, 2018, to reveal a line of cars parked behind the Union Army’s tents.<p>It was an annoying historical anachronism for the brigade’s commander, Ted Brennan, 49, who was brushing his teeth with a horsehair toothbrush.<p>“We try to …

War

Found: Rosa Parks’s Arrest Warrant, and More Traces of Civil Rights History

MONTGOMERY, Ala. — Fred Gray, 87, bespectacled and a bit hard of hearing, stood quietly over the archival box. His hands, though, were a twitching blur: flipping past some folders, opening others, rustling through records that dated back more than half a century.<p>“Some of these,” said Mr. Gray, who …

Newly Discovered ‘Limb Pit’ Reveals Civil War Surgeons’ Bitter Choices

WASHINGTON — Side by side, in a shallow pit, two soldiers were hastily buried — and along with them, not flowers or mementos, but 11 arms and legs.<p>The limbs belonged to the fallen soldiers’ comrades, according to archaeologists, and were likely gathered from the amputation tables of deluged Union …

Vatican Gets Back Stolen Columbus Letter, but Case Remains a Whodunit

VATICAN CITY — When American authorities contacted officials at the Vatican Apostolic Library in 2012 to tell them that a prized copy of a letter by Christopher Columbus in its collection could be a fake, the Vatican’s librarians almost didn’t believe it.<p>“I must admit it took us rather by …

Ancient horse found in Pompeii’s ashes, another testament to cataclysmic eruption

By Meagan Flynn<p>Meagan Flynn<p>Morning Mix reporter<p>Email Bio Follow<p>The horse’s big buck teeth were still faintly white, despite being buried beneath volcanic ash for nearly 2,000 years.<p>In the stable where it died, the horse lay on its side, its legs bent slightly at the knee, its jaw open and jutting …

Archaeology

Is technology bringing history to life or distorting it?

By Steve Hendrix<p>Steve Hendrix<p>Feature writer without portfolio based on Local Enterprise but filing for National, Foreign, Magazine and other sections<p>Email Bio Follow<p>When John F. Kennedy’s convertible was crossing Dealey Plaza, he was five minutes from the Trade Mart in Dallas, where 2,000 people …

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Ships Unearthed in Virginia Offer Glimpse of Colonial Era

OLD TOWN ALEXANDRIA, Va. — Nestled in centuries of dirt and debris, several well-preserved ships and artifacts have been unearthed that offer a glimpse of life at what was once one of the busiest ports in the North American colonies.<p>At the site for Robinson Landing, a new townhouse and condominium …

Archaeology

Washington and Lincoln were great presidents. But only one was a great poet.

By Gillian Brockell<p>Gillian Brockell<p>Video editor in the opinions section<p>Email Bio Follow<p>When it comes to ranking the presidents, there are only two contenders for the top spot: George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. They had a few things in common: Both lost a parent as a child, both had a serious …

George Washington

A rare copy of the Declaration of Independence survived the Civil War hidden behind wallpaper. Later it was tossed in a box.

By Michael E. Ruane<p>Michael E. Ruane<p>Reporter covering local news, Washington institutions and historical topics<p>Email Bio Follow<p>During the Civil War, the precious document was hidden behind wallpaper in a home in Virginia to keep Union soldiers from finding it.<p>Later, it sat in a closet in Kentucky, …

War

Germans Quietly Pass an Equinox of Unity, but the Walls Remain

BERLIN — Durs Grünbein was conceived two months after the Berlin Wall was built, in the cold winter of 1961. He spent half his life behind the wall, or, as he prefers to put it: “I spent one life as a hostage and another life free.”<p>Last week, the barrier that once divided Berlin, Germany and the …

Poland’s ‘Death Camp’ Law Tears at Shared Bonds of Suffering With Jews

OSWIECIM, Poland — When the Nazis looked to build Auschwitz, the most notorious death camp of the Holocaust, they chose this out-of the-way village that had been home to a Polish Army barracks.<p>Unlike in France or Norway, there was no collaborationist government in Poland. The Nazis wanted to …

A State of the Union delivered by the president in person? Congress was agog.

By Karen Tumulty<p>Karen Tumulty<p>Columnist covering national politics<p>Email Bio Follow<p>When President Trump steps into the well of the House on Tuesday to give his first formal State of the Union address, he will be performing one of the most familiar presidential rituals.<p>But for nearly half the nation’s …

Bill Clinton

Israel and Poland try to tamp down tensions after Poland’s ‘death camp’ law sparks Israeli outrage

By Ruth Eglash and<p>Ruth Eglash<p>Reporter covering Israel and the Palestinian territories<p>Email Bio Follow<p>Avi Selk<p>Avi Selk<p>Reporter<p>Email Bio Follow<p>JERUSALEM — Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki spoke by phone Sunday and agreed to open a dialogue to …

Israel

France’s epic Bayeux Tapestry is headed to Britain, in a loan for the ages

By William Booth and<p>William Booth<p>London bureau chief<p>Email Bio Follow<p>James McAuley<p>James McAuley<p>Foreign correspondent focusing on French and European politics and culture<p>Email Bio Follow<p>LONDON — It is probably the most famous piece of medieval embroidery in the world, a ribbon of scrolling tapestry …

World History

The classic explanation for the Black Death plague is wrong, scientists say

By Ben Guarino<p>Ben Guarino<p>Reporter covering biology, genetics, nature, paleontology and the culture of science<p>Email Bio Follow<p>Plague came to Europe in the 14th century and rapidly conquered the continent. The pandemic, one of the worst in human history, killed tens of millions. Up to 60 percent of …

World Politics

Secret Tunnel in Berlin Is an Echo From the Cold War

BERLIN — “It was a very touching moment. It brought back memories of a time when as a young man I had sworn to fight the wall.”<p>Those were the words of Carl-Wolfgang Holzapfel, a 73-year-old retiree who says that he helped dig a tunnel under the Berlin Wall in the 1960s.<p>The entrance to the tunnel, a …

World News

Scanning an Ancient Biblical Text That Humans Fear to Open

In a basement laboratory of the Morgan Library and Museum in New York, an X-ray scanner is pumping invisible beams into a clump of charred parchment leaves that looks as delicate as a long dead flower.<p>The leaves are the remains of a severely scorched early book, or codex, which was written in …

New Testament

Unearthed in Rome’s New Subway: Extinct Elephants and Persian Peach Pits

ROME — The ancient Romans were celebrated for their engineering feats: roads that helped expand an empire; aqueducts that quenched throngs and supplied lavish fountains; monumental bridges, some of which are still in use today.<p>So it seems apt that a modern engineering achievement — the construction …

Where's Santa Buried? Resting Places of the Real St. Nick

The mortal remains of the 4th-century Greek bishop are likely scattered around the world as holy relics.<p>This story was updated on December 6, 2017.<p>The story of how St. Nicholas became the red-suited chimney hopper we know as Santa is fascinating in its own right. But the final chapter of the holy …

An archaeological dig unearths one of the earliest slave remains in Delaware

By Michael E. Ruane<p>Michael E. Ruane<p>Reporter covering local news, Washington institutions and historical topics<p>Email Bio Follow<p>The blow to the head of the man in grave 10 was so severe that it chipped off a bone near his right eyebrow, fractured part of his face, and probably helped to kill him.<p>He …

Archaeology

Humans didn't outsmart the Neanderthals. We just outlasted them.

By Sarah Kaplan<p>Sarah Kaplan<p>Reporter for Speaking of Science<p>Email Bio Follow<p>By the standards of the Paleolithic age, members of <i>Homo neanderthalensis</i> were the height of sophistication. These ancient hominins ranged across Europe and parts of Asia for more than 300,000 years, producing tools, jewelry …

Humanity

Experts have uncovered remains at the first permanent English colony. But whose bones are they?

By Michael E. Ruane<p>Michael E. Ruane<p>Reporter covering local news, Washington institutions and historical topics<p>Email Bio Follow<p>JAMESTOWN, Va. — The ancient thigh bone was that of a robust man, a chap in his 40s, with wear and tear in his joints and a hip socket that showed he had been a horseman and …

Archaeology

Santa Claus's tomb may have been uncovered beneath Turkish church

Archaeologists say they have found almost fully intact temple and burial grounds of Saint Nicholas in Antalya<p>Turkish archaeologists have dashed the hopes of millions of children by claiming to have uncovered the likely burial place of Saint Nicholas.<p>Surveys have uncovered an intact temple and …

Archaeology

Who betrayed Anne Frank? Artificial intelligence could finally solve the mystery.

By Cleve R. Wootson Jr.<p>Cleve R. Wootson Jr.<p>General assignment reporter covering national and breaking news<p>Email Bio Follow<p>For nearly 75 years, some of the greatest investigative minds have tried to figure out who tipped off the Nazis about Anne Frank and the seven other Jews who were hiding behind …

Artificial Intelligence