Samuel Cromwell

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How to Plan a Crusade by Christopher Tyerman review – the role of reason in medieval religious wars

‘Medieval’ is often associated with barbarism and bigotry, but this fascinating study suggests it should refer to sophisticated propaganda and meticulous preparation<p>This book opens disarmingly with a novice historian stumbling through a lecture, “wondering why he had ever begun”. He is saved by his …

The best (and worst) ways to spot a liar

Forget body language or eye movements. There are much better ways to identify the deceitful.<p><i>This story is part of BBC Future’s “Best of 2015” list, our greatest hits of the year. Browse the full list.</i><p>-<p>Thomas Ormerod’s team of security officers faced a seemingly impossible task. At airports across …

Body Language

Learn to draw world maps from one of D&D's best cartographers

Jared Blando is an accomplished concept artist and cartographer. Over the past few years, he's worked quite a bit with the team behind the fifth edition of Dungeons & Dragons, creating the maps for both <i>The Hoard of the Dragon Queen</i> and <i>The Rise of Tiamat</i> campaign books. Now, he's written a …

British intelligence files reveal identity of Soviet spy during World War II

Newly declassified British intelligence files have revealed the identity of a spy who passed military secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II.<p>The files, which were released on Friday by the British internal security service MI5, reveal that author and journalist Cedric Belfrage passed …

People with these rare brain disorders have a disturbingly skewed perception of reality

These are just a few of the strange brain disorders that have plagued a rare set of people over the years. Oliver Sacks' classic book "The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat" introduced us to some of the strangest brain disorders people suffer from, but that's only the tip of the iceberg.<p>Here are a …

Creative Commons

Here’s What Actually Gets Terrorists To Tell The Truth — And It’s Not Torture

Over the past five years, psychological research — some involving real terrorist suspects — has shown how to get information from people who don’t want to talk. Now Washington has the chance to put these findings into practice.<p>Hollywood has a lot to answer for. Thanks to the hit TV show <i>24</i> and …

What stress does to your brain

New research examines the myriad ways chronic stress and anxiety can damage your long-term health<p>Thor Benson<p>August 15, 2015 12:00pm (UTC)<p>This article originally appeared on ATTN:.<p>Stress can be a dangerous enemy for the brain. In fact, it can have serious effects on your brain's ability to operate …

University of California

Robot mother builds 'cube babies' then watches them take first steps

Cambridge University has built evolution by natural selection into a robot for the first time<p>A ‘mother’ robot which can build its own ‘children’, test which ones do best, then modify their design, has been developed by scientists at Cambridge University.<p>In an astonishing video released by the …

How Zombie Spiders Are Enslaved As Wasp Nursery Builders

Parasitic wasps are horrible things. They inject their quarry with chemicals that turn them into zombies, forcing the host animal to do their bidding. A new study has some insight into how a species of spider is forced to build a nursery for tiny wasp babies, ensuring their survival after the …

The Divinization of the Earth: A “Religion” Without a “God”

Saladin's Triumph: The Battle of Hattin, 1187

Frankish disunity and impetuosity produced a disaster that lost Christendom the holy city of Jerusalem.<p>In a battle fought near the western shore of …

Throughout history, debt and war have been constant partners | Giles Fraser: Loose canon

As Greece’s spending on weapons shows, it’s not pensions or benefits that cripple economies, it’s the military-industrial complex<p>Somewhere in a Greek jail, the former defence minister, Akis Tsochatzopoulos, watches the financial crisis unfold. I wonder how partly responsible he feels? In 2013, Akis …

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7 psychological steps to getting people to trust you

The benefits of projecting trustworthiness are enormous, and as Columbia University professor Heidi Grant Halvorson explains in her book "No One Understands You And What To Do About It," the costs of failing to do so are significant as well.<p>One study published in the Journal of Knowledge Management …

Psychology

Aztec Warfare

Ross Hassig questions whether the rationale behind the fighting in Mexico which Cortes encountered in 1519 has not been misunderstood.<p>Seen through …

How The US Military Tried To Root Out Psychopaths During World War II

How many potential American soldiers, going off to fight in World War II, were rejected because they were thought to be psychopaths? In some places, …

False memories implanted into the brains of sleeping mice | Mo Costandi

Artificial memories implanted into sleeping mice influence the animals’ behaviour when they wake up<p>Neuroscientists in France have implanted false memories into the brains of sleeping mice. Using electrodes to directly stimulate and record the activity of nerve cells, they created artificial …

Archaeology

Why Self-Awareness Is the Secret Weapon for Habit Change

More than we’d probably like to admit so many of our days are spent in a state of self-delusion, an internal monologue of justifying our actions, …

Self-awareness

10 Odd Jobs From the World War II Military Classification Guide

Click on the History Channel or open up a high school textbook, and you might end up concluding that World War II was exclusively won by troops and …

Why You Can’t Punish a Psychopath, According to Science

Recent research shows that psychopaths might not only be unwilling to make decisions like ‘normal’ people, but unable to.<p>The word “psychopath” evokes …

Psychology: the man who studies everyday evil

Why are some people extraordinarily selfish, manipulative, and unkind? David Robson asks the scientist delving into the darkest sides of the human mind.<p>If you had the opportunity to feed harmless bugs into a coffee grinder, would you enjoy the experience? Even if the bugs had names, and you could …

Rethinking One of Psychology's Most Infamous Experiments

In the 1960s, Stanley Milgram's electric-shock studies showed that people will obey even the most abhorrent of orders. But recently, researchers have begun to question his conclusions—and offer some of their own.<p>In 1961, Yale University psychology professor Stanley Milgram placed an advertisement …

Psychology

Why The Super-Successful Get Depressed

Whether the uber-successful – the CEOs, the founders, the innovators – are more or less prone to depression than the average person is a tricky and fascinating, not to mention controversial, question. We know that the average CEO is more likely to possess subtle psychopathic traits and be more …

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