Rational Human

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Gut bacteria mechanism behind the anti-seizure effects of ketogenic diet uncovered

The ketogenic diet was originally developed a century ago to treat children with severe epilepsy, but how it actually worked was always unclear. Now …

Diabetes

'Uniquely Human' Muscles Found in Apes Contradict Key Evolutionary Dogmas

'These are unverifiable 'just-so stories.'<p>In his 1863 book <i>Evidence as to Man’s Place in Nature</i>, Thomas Henry Huxley raised hell by arguing that …

Muscle

How Bipolar II is Different

For those unfamiliar with bipolar disorder, it may seem that it only consists of two phases: severe depression and acute mania. Bipolar disorder is …

Of Blood and Oil – How the Fight for Petroleum in WW1 Changed Warfare Forever

“World War One was the first conflict to be fuelled by oil. For the first time in warfare, petroleum possession became the lifeblood of armies and it …

Military History

Harvard scientists think they've pinpointed the physical source of consciousness

Scientists have struggled for millennia to understand human consciousness — the awareness of one's existence. Despite advances in neuroscience, we still don't really know where it comes from, and how it arises.<p>But researchers think they might have finally figured out its physical origins, after …

How Cold Showers Can Change Your Brain And Boost Your Mental Health

Have you ever taken a cold swim? How does it make you feel? After you get over the initial shock of the cold, it’s usually very stimulating. This is …

Mental Health

How your washing machine could be damaging fertility

The mystery of how hormone-disrupting chemicals have come to be found in lakes and rivers has been solved, and the culprit is the washing machine.<p>Scientists have long puzzled as to how flame retardant compounds and chemicals used to make plastics bendy end up in the environment as factories are …

What Is the Mediterranean Diet?

The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional foods eaten by people living in the Mediterranean region, especially Greece. It's loaded with …

Nutrition

UN: More than 700 refugees feared drowned off Italy

The UN refugee agency said more than 700 refugees may have drowned in three Mediterranean Sea shipwrecks south of Italy in the past few days.<p>Speaking to Al Jazeera from Geneva, William Spindler, a UNHCR spokesman for Europe, said there had been a spate of incidents in the Mediterranean last …

North Africa

TimesLIVE

Our report on America’s military court proceedings that followed the My Lai massacre

The massacre took place on March 16th, 1968. From 1971: Who are the war criminals?<p>Unlike most tribunals, a military court does not explain its …

Viva vagus: Wandering nerve could lead to range of therapies

With outposts in nearly every organ and a direct line into the brain stem, the vagus nerve is the nervous system’s superhighway. About 80 percent of …

India’s middle class is actually the world’s poor

Virtually the entire discussion among economists on defining the middle class in “emerging economies” pertains to levels of consumption expenditure or income. No doubt, income is a relevant indicator, but not when taken in isolation.<p>None of them attempt to base the definition on the concerned …

Income Inequality

Scientists Have Discovered Brain Networks Linked to Intelligence For The First Time

And we may even be able to manipulate them.<p>For the first time ever, scientists have identified clusters of genes in the brain that are believed to be …

Doctor who ordered unnecessary heart surgery and risky tests jailed for 20 years

Dr Harry Persaud of Ohio made more than $7m from health insurance fraud while abusing patients’ ‘sacred trust’, says FBI<p>A cardiologist who ordered patients to undergo unnecessary open heart surgery and performed risky tests and procedures in order to reap fraudulent payments from Medicare and …

Medicine

GSK had the biggest global health breakthrough of 2015

<i>The staff of Fortune recently assembled the best business moments of 2015. Here’s one of our picks.</i><p>It’s taken 30 years and more than $565 million to …

Behind the scenes in the Marine Corps mission against the Islamic State

TAQADDUM, Iraq — The war here smells like diesel fumes and nostalgia.<p>In the distance, there is an explosion, a single thud that has the Marines of Baker Company, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, on their radios trying to figure out what it was. “Iraqi artillery, I think,” the Marine sitting in a …

Military

Racist who terrorised hitlist of people with threats of rape and torture jailed

A racist who kept a haul of weapons and terrorised a hitlist of people with threats to rape or torture them has been jailed for nearly five years.<p>Lukas Vongyer, 40, kept weapons including a samurai sword, crossbows and hunting knives, as well as ammonia, at his flat, Scotland Yard said.<p>He drew up a …

Crime

15 years ago the CIA tried to predict the world in 2015. Here's what they got wrong

In the year 2000, Agency experts released a report about the challenges of the future. So how right were they? And what did they miss?<p>Way back in the futuristic year 2000, the CIA convened a group of experts from outside the Agency. Their mission: to gaze into the near future and predict what 2015 …

Modi seen pivoting from roads to fields in next budget | Reuters

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi will recalibrate budget priorities in 2016 to focus on social initiatives, such as the country’s first major crop insurance scheme, while capping previously prioritized infrastructure spending, officials say.<p>A farmer channels water to …

India

Paris climate summit: hackers leak login details of more than 1,000 officials

Hackers have leaked the private login details of nearly 1,415 officials at the UN climate talks in Paris in an apparent act of protest against arrests of activists in the city.<p>Anonymous, the hacktivist movement, hacked the website of the summit organisers, the UN Framework Convention on Climate …

Climate

Russia: Turkish president benefits from ISIL oil deals

Russia has upped its dispute with Turkey further by claiming to have evidence that proves President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his family are benefiting from the illegal smuggling of oil from territory held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group (ISIL).<p>Moscow has repeatedly been making the …

Islamic State (ISIS)

Do Ghost Ships Full of Dead People Belong to Kim Jong Un?

Close to 200 ships full of dead bodies have been found off the coast of Japan over the past two years—and experts think North Korea is to blame.<p>TOKYO …

North Korea

Bill Nye Explains Everything You Need to Know About Earth's Changing Climate

You’d have to live in an underwater cave to have missed the news that human activity is warming the planet. But climate change is a really complex …

Type 2 diabetes can be cured through weight loss, Newcastle University finds

Millions of people suffering from Type 2 diabetes could be cured of the disease if they just lost weight, a new study suggests.<p>Scientists at Newcastle University have shown the disease is caused by fat accumulating in the pancreas and losing less than one gram from the organ can reverse the …

Diabetes

Shooting of pro-Kurdish Human Rights Lawyer Deepens Turkey's Political Crisis

GlobalVoices.org | – –<p>On November 28, Tahir Elçi, one of Turkey's most prominent pro-Kurdish lawyers, was holding a press conference close to the …

Saudi Arabia: Strong evidence kingdom will go ahead with mass execution, says rights group

There is growing evidence that Saudi Arabia will go ahead with the mass execution of more than 50 people convicted of terrorism, a human rights group …

Qatar’s inaction on labor reform a ‘human rights disaster’ – Amnesty

Qatar has done “almost nothing” to curb the exploitation of its migrant workforce as it prepares to host the 2022 World Cup, casting shame on both the Gulf State and FIFA, Amnesty International has said.<p><i>“Too little has been done to address rampant migrant labor abuse. Qatar’s persistent labor</i> …

Human Rights Watch to Obama: Prosecute Bush officials for torture

Human Rights Watch, in a new report out Tuesday, urged President Barack Obama to prosecute top officials from George W. Bush’s administration as well as CIA contractors or their roles in creating, approving and implementing so-called enhanced interrogation techniques against detainees in CIA …

Cybercrime

Saudi Arabia’s Art Scene Is Horrified by the Death Sentence Given to Poet Ashraf Fayadh

News of his upcoming execution has made international headlines, but the harsh court ruling just underscores how hard it is to be an artist in Saudi Arabia.<p>Ashraf Fayadh, a poet recently sentenced to death in Saudi Arabia by beheading, relayed a simple but grim message to the world from his prison …

Saudi Arabia