Paul Williams

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Artificial intelligence learns Mario level in just 34 attempts

Perhaps it's that all the levels have simple, left-to-right objectives, or maybe it's just that they're so iconic, but for some reason older Mario games have long been a target for those interested in AI and machine learning. The latest effort is called MarI/O (get it?), and it learned an entire …

Extremely short, sharp flash of radio waves from unknown source in the universe, caught as it was happening

A strange phenomenon has been observed by astronomers right as it was happening -- a 'fast radio burst'. The eruption is described as an extremely …

7 Ways Students Use Diigo To Do Research and Collaborative Project Work

January 14, 2015<br>Diigo is an excellent social bookmarking tool that enable you to save, annotate, and share bookmarks. The power of Diigo lies in the …

Planets Outside Of Our Solar System

55 Cancri e is a super-Earth - more massive than the Earth but lighter than a gas giant. This planet is so close to its Sun that it orbits every 18 hours. Its light was detected by the Spitzer Space Telescope.

A Very Useful Tool to Create Educational Animated Videos on Google Drive

December 21, 2014<br>PowToon is a very powerful web app which you can use on Google Drive to create beautiful animated videos and presentations. PowToon …

Warning: A computer science degree may be a waste of your time and money

When he was 15, Shlomo Zippel got his first job programming. And that was pretty much the end of his academic career.<p>"I had an arrangement with the …

Wave particle duality or complementarity?

First off I have found several different definitions of <i>duality</i> and <i>complementarity</i>, so if anyone has a clear idea on what it meant with these terms …

The Hot and Energetic Universe

X-ray astronomy is crucial for seeing the Universe as it really is, not as we think it to be.<p>Traditionally, space has been thought of as a place of …

Sleepy space probe New Horizons awakens for close-up with Pluto

<b>(CNN) —</b> Three billion miles away from Earth, in an unchartered slice of our solar system, a small space probe is shaking off its deep sleep and getting ready to become the first spacecraft to visit Pluto and its moons.<p>It's the "beginning of the mission's primary objective: the exploration of Pluto …