Olivia Anderson

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A stressful pregnancy matters — it can affect a baby’s genes

Everyone has heard of postnatal depression, but not everyone knows that mothers are as likely to be depressed during pregnancy as afterwards. As well as the distress of the mother herself, this matters because of the effects on the developing baby in her womb. We have long known that how we turn …

New Gene Therapy Lights up Vision

By Drs. David Niesel and Norbert Herzog, Medical Discovery News<p>We all need light to see, but now a new gene therapy is restoring sight to those with vision problems by figuratively lighting up their vision.<p>Your vision cannot process anything without light. When light comes in contact with the …

A single gene mutation might dramatically increase the risk of schizophrenia

A new study published in Nature Neuroscience shows that rare mutations in the SETD1A gene dramatically increase the risk of developing schizophrenia.<p>This implicates a specific biological pathway in schizophrenia, which may also be of significance beyond the condition.<p>Brain development<p>Patients with …

Could a gene-editing tweak make pigs organ donors for ailing humans?

Despite their slovenly habits in agricultural settings, pigs raised in biomedical labs are clean enough that many humans would welcome —indeed, do welcome — the use of their tissue for life-saving transplants. Transplanted heart valves routinely come from pigs as well as cows.<p>But the dream of …

Genetics

Scientists grow human stem cells with genes of only one 'parent'

Special cells have a single copy of genome, like eggs and sperm, but can divide and form tissues in step towards pinpoint diagnosis of genetic disorders<p>Scientists for the first time have generated a type of embryonic stem cell that carries a single copy of the human genome rather than the usual …

Genetics

This new gene can help detect breast cancer early

A gene that is known for its ability to repair DNA appears to instead cause breast cancer on mutation, a new study has found.<p>The gene GT198, whether …

Blind woman may see thanks to gene therapy and light

Optogenetics, or mixing gene therapy with light treatments, is finally getting a proper field test: doctors have given a blind Texas woman the first optogenetics-based therapy in hopes of restoring some of the vision lost to a degenerative retina disease. The procedure injected her eye with viruses …

Autism genes are in all of us, new research reveals

New light has been shed on the genetic relationship between autistic spectrum disorders and ASD-related traits in the wider population. Autism …

Autism

Your DNA Could Make You Resistant To Certain Bacteria

Gene expression could help explain why some people are more immune to infection than others<p>You probably know that your DNA contains the blueprints for every protein your body needs, plus instructions on how to regulate them. But your DNA could also strongly influence your immune system, making you …

U.S. researchers find new bacteria that causes Lyme disease | Reuters

ATLANTA (Reuters) - Researchers have discovered a new bacteria that causes Lyme disease in humans, a U.S. health agency said Monday.<p>A deer tick, or blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is seen on a blade of grass, in this undated picture from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. …

Disease

Chemists turn anthrax bacteria into cancer-fighting zombies

An MIT research team takes one of our biggest biological enemies and recruits it as an expert drug delivery bug in the fight against cancer.<p>Zombies don't usually do anything good for humanity (except make for some fine entertainment). But thanks to a chemical process invented at MIT, zombie …

Cancer Cells

This Startup Wants to Use Bacteria to Revolutionize How Our Food Is Produced

Most Americans have long believed that all bacteria is bad bacteria. The more sterile we can make our homes and our bodies the better.<p>It’s only …

Body’s bacteria don’t outnumber human cells so much after all

Human bodies don’t contain 10 times as many bacteria as human cells, new calculations suggest.<p>A “standard man” weighing 70 kilograms has roughly the …

Engineered Cells Can Create Medicine Inside Your Body

These genetically engineered cells are micro-sized disease sentries and drug factories.<p>Someday, popping a pill <i>after</i> you've become sick may seem like a thing of the past. Scientists have just genetically retooled human cells to act as micro disease sentries and drug factories inside the body. The …

To Cool Off, This Fish Leaves the Water

Hot Weather Sends This Fish to Dry Land | The Weather Channel

Nature<p>Hot Weather Sends This Fish to Dry Land<p>By Annie Hauser<p>October 21 2015 04:00 PM EDT<p>weather.com<p>If you can't stand the heat, get out of the water. …

The Fish That Doesn’t Swim

If you’re at 125 feet underwater and you see a fish with bloated red lips, walking like a drunk guy, with a horn like a unicorn and shaped like a …

Fish

El Niño Effect on Plankton Could Hurt Food Supply for Fish, and Ultimately Humans

News<p>El Niño Effect on Plankton Could Hurt Food Supply for Fish, and Ultimately Humans<p>By Ada Carr<p>October 30 2015 12:00 AM EDT<p>weather.com<p>This year’s El …

Global Warming

Study: Fish die-off linked to ocean warming

It’s commonly accepted that fish off the New England coastline are on the move, headed north or offshore to deeper waters to find relief from a …

A Terminator Fish Is Moving at Record Speed Toward the Great Lakes

Asian carp are on the move in Illinois, and that could spell bad news for the Great Lakes.<p>Late last month, officials from the United States Fish and …

South China Sea Dispute: Fish Are On The Brink Of Extinction Due To Conflict, Experts Say

As tensions rise over the disputed South China Sea, certain species of fish in the area are "close to extinction," according to experts. For some …

Scientists learn how some fish can supercharge their vision | Reuters

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Superman can use his X-ray vision whenever the need arises. It turns out that in real life, some fish and amphibians can do something nearly as super when it come to their sight.<p>Salmon swim upstream in a river outside Yuzhno-Kurilsk, the main settlement on the Southern Kurile …

Biology

This Three-Eyed Fish Caught In Brooklyn Is Nothing Like ‘The Simpsons’ Promised Us

This video shows an apparent three-eyed catfish caught by a risk-taking fisherman in Brooklyn. The term “fisherman” should be used lightly here, for nobody should ever forage for food in the Gowanus Canal. This famed superfund site stands as one of the most highly polluted areas in the United …

A guy pulled what looks like a 3-eyed fish out of a sewage-infested canal

If you've spent time in Brooklyn, New York, you're probably familiar with the Gowanus Canal as one of the most polluted bodies of water in America.<p>So …

California's Fishing Industry Feels the Pinch From Toxic Crabs | VICE News

A toxic menace is lurking off the shores of California and it's brought the state's $60 million commercial crab industry to a grinding halt.<p>The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) announced an immediate delay of the commercial crab season because Dungeness crabs have become too toxic …

Flying fish: why fresh salmon are a crucial cargo for Heathrow

Salmon have taken off as a key UK export being shipped through Heathrow, along with gold, jet engines - and raincoats<p>Almost 50,000 tonnes of fresh salmon for sale in other countries is shipped through Heathrow a year, making fish by far the airport’s biggest export by weight.<p>New Customs and Excise …

After mass extinctions, the meek (fish) inherit the earth

A new study suggests that being a little shrimpy might come in handy when the going gets tough. A mass extinction called the Hangenberg event, which took place some 359 million years ago, led to a reduction in vertebrate size for around 40 million years afterward. The research, published Thursday …

Extinction

A New Law Brings Back Subsistence Fishing in Hawaii

On Kauai, the state has established a Community-Based Subsistence Fishing Area to protect a centuries-old way of life.<p>Presley Wann remembers life on the north shore of Kaua’i, Hawaii’s fourth-largest island, during his 1950s childhood, when there was a gravel road to the beach and cows, not cars, …

Fish Out Of Water: Learning the Codes of a New Environment

Have you ever been somewhere you thought you were supposed to be and wondered, "What am I doing here?" Perhaps it was a social function, or maybe a conference, or even your job or a family gathering. You may have felt completely invisible or hyper visible. No one paid any attention to you, or …

Leadership

El Nino sends rare tropical visitors to California waters

LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - El Nino's warm currents have brought fish in an unexpected spectrum of shapes and colors from Mexican waters to the ocean off California's coast, thrilling scientists with the sight of bright tropical species and giving anglers the chance of a once-in-a-lifetime big …

Sport Fishing