Katerina Gawronski

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Lumosity's Stumble Reveals How We Think About Thinking

There is no silver bullet for preventing cognitive decline. That doesn’t stop millions of people from playing brain-training games.<p>The ads were pervasive, popping up on CNN, Fox News, NPR, and Google searches. And they were persuasive: Playing Lumosity games would do your brain good.<p>“Can you …

Journalism

With a deft snip, potential treatment emerges for deadly childhood Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Using cells from patients with<p>Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, a genetic disease that affects one in 5,000 boys, UCLA scientists have devised a strategy for creating "corrected" stem cells that could restore tissue under attack by the deadly muscle-wasting disorder.<p>A gene-editing procedure described by …

4 surprising ways science is battling aging

It takes 70 or 80 years to get really good at the whole business of being alive, and no sooner does that happen than mortality begins looking your way, tapping its watch and discreetly reminding you that there's a line waiting for your table.<p>It's the job of aging—and the multiple diseases that …

Stem Cells

Grocery wars spur industry consolidation

Call it the Target effect.<p>The U.S. discount chain's arrival has forced big Canadian retailers to rethink their strategies. Montreal-based <b>Metro Inc.</b> is the latest to make a move, announcing Wednesday it will restructure its Ontario operations and bolster its pharmacy business in Quebec – teaming up …

Scientists aim to fight malaria with genetically engineered mosquitoes

Watch out,<p>malaria— scientists are coming for you with genetically engineered mosquitoes.<p>A team of researchers has altered the DNA in mosquitoes so they can fight and kill the parasites that cause malaria inside their own bodies. That way, the insects can't transmit the deadly parasites to …

Indestructible Water Bears Have a Genome That Is Seriously Weird

Water bears, known to scientists as tardigrades, are famously adorable microscopic creatures who can survive anything: freezing, total dehydration, …

Single Artificial Neuron Taught to Recognize Hundreds of Patterns - MIT Technology Review

Artificial intelligence is a field in the midst of rapid, exciting change. That’s largely because of an improved understanding of how neural networks …

Neuroscience

The switch that could turn off your nightmares and dreams

<i>Editor’s note: Have questions about your dreams? Join us at 1 p.m. EST tomorrow on Twitter for #NewsHourChats. We’ll have a panel of sleep experts</i> …

Sleep
Genetics

There’s a Mystery Machine That Sculpts the Human Genome

Geneticists can’t see this machine, but they can see its works—and they say it might be the key to reshaping the genome.<p>Genomes are so regularly represented as strings of letters—As, Gs, Cs, and Ts—that it’s easy to forget that they aren’t just abstract collections of data. They exist in three …

Genetics

Searching for the Genes That Are Unique to Humans

The human genome is littered with unique genes that may have been important to our evolution. And they’re a bit like Oreos.<p>The human genome contains between 20,000 and 25,000 genes. Most of these pre-date our species by millions of years, and have counterparts in chimps, mice, flies, yeast, and …

Genetics

3 scientists just won a Nobel for discovering the genetic mechanisms that explain why we don’t all have cancer

The three scientists, from Sweden, the US, and Turkey, respectively, received an equal share of the prestigious 8m Swedish kronor (£631,000) award for "mechanistic studies of DNA repair." Their research mapped and explained how the cell repairs its DNA in order to prevent errors occurring in …

Genetics

Bill Gates Just Gave $6 Million To Genetically Engineer An HIV Vaccine

The new approach proposes injecting genes to fight HIV, bypassing our immune systems entirely. But scientists warn that when it comes to an HIV vaccine, we’re still years away.<p>In a bid to someday provide people with the ability to fend off HIV, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation awarded $5.8 …

Smoking Doesn’t Kill Them: The Strange Science of the Longevity Gene

Why do some cigarette smokers live to old age while others die young? Scientists are getting closer to an answer.<p>It’s a well-established fact that …

Melatonin May Influence Multiple Sclerosis Disease Activity

<b>New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital offers an answer to the MS ‘seasonal paradox’.</b><p>For patients and clinicians alike, it’s long been a …

Neuroscience

What might we do with the genomics of the entire planet? – Dawn Field

In case you weren’t paying attention, a lot has been happening in the science of genomics over the past few years. It is, for example, now possible …

Genetics

A newly discovered brain disease may point to something disturbing about Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

© AFP/File Thomas SamsonResearch published last week has identified the first new human prion disease in 50 years.<p>The paper's lead author, Stanley Prusiner, who won the Nobel prize in 1997 for his discovery that Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) could be transmitted by a "misfolded" protein, says …

Dementia

Peer review, preprints and the speed of science

Peer review is often claimed to be the guarantor of the trustworthiness of scientific papers, but it is a troubled process. Preprints offer a way out<p>A few weeks ago my collaborators and I submitted our latest paper to a scientific journal. We have been investigating how noroviruses subvert the …

Peer Review

Everything You Need to Know About Precision Medicine

Before it can reach its full potential, it has to become more precise<p>Tania Swain got bad news: her ovarian cancer had come back. This was in November 2013; almost three years before, Swain, who is herself a physician, had been surprised by the initial diagnosis. And despite the surgery that removed …

Cancer

Is our desire for genetic answers cultural rather than scientific?

Genes and the Bioimaginary, by Professor Deborah Lynn Steinberg, investigates whether the foundations of much genetic research are scientifically sound<p>The last few decades have seen what some describe as a “genetic revolution”. Advances in genetic science have seen genes become all-encompassing in …

Genetics

A new $100 million company could transform the way we interact with our own DNA

Yet despite all that, most people don't get their own DNA sequenced — in part because it's still hard for the average person to get any practical knowledge from the information in their genomes. We still don't know how to interpret a lot of our genetic information.<p>Unless a person is curious about …

Genetics

Men's Fashion, Style, Grooming, Fitness, Lifestyle, News & Politics

Sneakers<p>Available for pre-order tomorrow on Yeezy Supply.<p>By Jake Woolf1 day agoView More<p>Fitness<p>For the top-ranked man on the planet, a "rest day" …

DNA could be used to store data more efficiently than computers, scientists find

Scientists exploring archiving potential of DNA conduct test to cope with threat of 'digital dark age' find potential solution<p>DNA could be used to store digital information and preserve essential knowledge for thousands of years, research has shown.<p>Scientists exploring the archiving potential of …

Genetics

Learning New Information is Easier When it is Composed of Familiar Elements

<b>Carnegie Mellon psychologists uncover critical relationship between working memory and strength of information ‘chunks’.</b><p>People have more difficulty …

Carnegie Mellon University

Two Ways to Better Care for Patients with Dementia

In September 2014, President Obama announced the $100 million federal Brain Initiative to revolutionize our understanding of the human mind and uncover new ways to treat, prevent, and cure brain disorders. In time, the unique public-private sector initiative will hopefully yield new ways to manage …

Health Care

The genetic technology that's going to change everything is at a critical turning point

There weren't many people studying that system then, especially compared to now, and those working in that area were doing what's called basic, or fundamental science, investigating something for the sake of curiosity or interest — not because they knew that research would have a practical or …

Genetics

Flu could one day be wiped out without the need for a vaccine

Scientists at Ohio State University have discovered that ramping up a key protein could stop flu ever replicating in the body<p>Flu could one day be wiped out without the need for a vaccine after scientists discovered how to ramp up the body's own defences to the virus before it even enters the …