Julian

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Paris Review - Susan Sontag, The Art of Fiction No. 143

Interviewed by Edward Hirsch<p>Issue 137, Winter 1995<p>Susan Sontag lives in a sparsely furnished five-room apartment on the top floor of a building in Chelsea on the west side of Manhattan. Books—as many as fifteen thousand—and papers are everywhere. A lifetime could be spent browsing through the books …

Literature

Paris Review - Anthony Powell, The Art of Fiction No. 68

Interviewed by Michael Barber<p>Issue 73, Spring-Summer 1978<p>Photograph by Dmitri Kasterine<p>With the publication of <i>Hearing Secret Harmonies,</i> Anthony Powell's long serial novel, <i>A Dance to the Music of Time,</i> will have reached its climax. And to judge from the reception accorded to previous volumes, the …

Literature

Paris Review - Iris Murdoch, The Art of Fiction No. 117

Interviewed by Jeffrey Meyers<p>Issue 115, Summer 1990<p>Iris Murdoch was born in Dublin on July 15, 1919 and grew up in London. She was educated at Badminton School in Bristol and studied classics at Somerville College, Oxford from 1938 until 1942, receiving first-class honors. She was assistant …

Literature

Paris Review - Primo Levi, The Art of Fiction No. 140

Interviewed by Gabriel Motola<p>Issue 134, Spring 1995<p>Born in Turin in 1919 of middle-class parents whose ancestors fled the Spanish Inquisition, Primo Levi was subjected in the thirties first to Italian racial laws that threatened his academic studies, and then to German racial edicts that threatened …

Literature

Paris Review - Eugene Ionesco, The Art of Theater No. 6

Interviewed by Shusha Guppy<p>Issue 93, Fall 1984<p>Eugene Ionesco, ca. 1985. Photograph by Eugene Ionesco<p>The last few years have been exceptionally busy for Eugène Ionesco. His seventieth birthday was celebrated in 1982 with a series of events, publications, and productions of his work, not only in …

Literature

Paris Review - Kenzaburo Oe, The Art of Fiction No. 195

Interviewed by Sarah Fay<p>Issue 183, Winter 2007<p>Kenzaburo Oe in 2002.<p>Kenzaburo Oe has devoted his life to taking certain subjects seriously—victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, the struggles of the people of Okinawa, the challenges of the disabled, the discipline of the scholarly life—while …

Literature

Paris Review - Kurt Vonnegut, The Art of Fiction No. 64

Interviewed by David Hayman, David Michaelis, George Plimpton, Richard Rhodes<p>Issue 69, Spring 1977<p>Kurt Vonnegut, ca. 1972. Photograph by PBS<p>This interview with Kurt Vonnegut was originally a composite of four interviews done with the author over the past decade. The composite has gone through an …

Literature

Paris Review - Tom Stoppard, The Art of Theater No. 7

Interviewed by Shusha Guppy<p>Issue 109, Winter 1988<p>Tom Stoppard, ca. 1980<p>At the time of this interview, Stoppard was near the end of rehearsals for his new play, <i>Hapgood</i>, which opened in London in March, 1988. For the duration of the rehearsals Stoppard had rented a furnished apartment in central …

Literature

Paris Review - Gabriel García Márquez, The Art of Fiction No. 69

Interviewed by Peter H. Stone<p>Issue 82, Winter 1981<p>Gabriel García Márquez was interviewed in his studio/office located just behind his house in San Angel Inn, an old and lovely section, full of the spectacularly colorful flowers of Mexico City. The studio is a short walk from the main house. A low …

Literature

Paris Review - Graham Greene, The Art of Fiction No. 3

Interviewed by Simon Raven & Martin Shuttleworth<p>Issue 3, Autumn 1953<p>The eighteenth century succeeds to the twentieth on the ground floors at the bottom of St. James’s Street. The gloss and the cellophane of oyster bars and travel agencies are wrapped incongruously round the legs of the dignified …

Literature

Paris Review - Simone de Beauvoir, The Art of Fiction No. 35

Interviewed by Madeleine Gobeil<p>Issue 34, Spring-Summer 1965<p>Simone de Beauvoir had introduced me to Jean Genet and Jean-Paul Sartre, whom I had interviewed. But she hesitated about being interviewed herself: “Why should we talk about me? Don’t you think I’ve done enough in my three books of …

Literature

Paris Review - Pablo Neruda, The Art of Poetry No. 14

Interviewed by Rita Guibert<p>Issue 51, Spring 1971<p>Pablo Neruda, ca. 1956<p>“I have never thought of my life as divided between poetry and politics,” Pablo Neruda said in his September 30, 1969, acceptance speech as the Chilean Communist Party candidate for the presidency. “I am a Chilean who for decades …

Literature

Paris Review - Alice Munro, The Art of Fiction No. 137

Interviewed by Jeanne McCulloch and Mona Simpson<p>Issue 131, Summer 1994<p>There is no direct flight from New York City to Clinton, Ontario, the Canadian town of three thousand where Alice Munro lives most of the year. We left LaGuardia early on a June morning, rented a car in Toronto, and drove for …

Literature

Paris Review - Arthur Miller, The Art of Theater No. 2

Interviewed by Olga Carlisle and Rose Styron<p>Issue 38, Summer 1966<p>Arthur Miller.<p>Arthur Miller’s white farmhouse is set high on the border of the roller-coaster hills of <i></i>Roxbury and Woodbury, in Connecticut’s Litchfield County. The author, brought up in Brooklyn and Harlem, is now a county man. His …

Literature

Paris Review - Herta Müller, The Art of Fiction No. 225

Interviewed by Philip Boehm<p>Issue 210, Fall 2014<p>Müller, in 2009.<p>In awarding Herta Müller the 2009 Nobel Prize for literature, the Swedish Academy praised the author “who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed.”<p>This is a landscape with …

Literature

Paris Review - Guillermo Cabrera Infante, The Art of Fiction No. 75

Interviewed by Alfred Mac Adam<p>Issue 87, Spring 1983<p>Miriam Gomez and Guillermo Cabrera Infante by Nestor Almendros<p>Guillermo Cabrera Infante was born on April 22, 1929, in Gibara, a small town on the northern coast of the Cuban province of Oriente—also the birthplace of Fulgencio Batista and Fidel …

Literature

Paris Review - Camilo José Cela, The Art of Fiction No. 145

Interviewed by Valerie Miles<p>Issue 139, Summer 1996<p>Born in 1916 in Iria Flavia, a hamlet located in La Coruña, Galicia, Spain, into a wealthy family descended from Italian and English immigrants, Camilo José Cela later moved with his family to Madrid in 1925. In 1936, the year the Spanish civil war …

Literature

Paris Review - Italo Calvino, The Art of Fiction No. 130

Interviewed by William Weaver, Damien Pettigrew<p>Issue 124, Fall 1992<p>Upon hearing of Italo Calvino’s death in September of 1985, John Updike commented, “Calvino was a genial as well as brilliant writer. He took fiction into new places where it had never been before, and back into the fabulous and …

Literature

Paris Review - Henry Miller, The Art of Fiction No. 28

Interviewed by George Wickes<p>Issue 28, Summer-Fall 1962<p>Henry Miller: Self portrait.<p>In 1934, Henry Miller, then aged forty-two and living in Paris, published his first book. In 1961 the book was finally published in his native land, where it promptly became a best-seller and a cause célèbre. By now …

Literature

Paris Review - Truman Capote, The Art of Fiction No. 17

Interviewed by Pati Hill<p>Issue 16, Spring-Summer 1957<p>Sketch by Rosalie Seidler, 1957.<p>Truman Capote lives in a big yellow house in Brooklyn Heights, which he has recently restored with the taste and elegance that is generally characteristic of his undertakings. As I entered he was head and shoulders …

Literature

Paris Review - Javier Marías, The Art of Fiction No. 190

Interviewed by Sarah Fay<p>Issue 179, Winter 2006<p>Marias in Madrid, around 2000.<p>A waiter at a restaurant in Madrid gasped when I mentioned that I was in town to interview Javier Marías. “You know him?” he asked, as if I’d named a president or a movie star. “Sometimes we see him walking down the street.”<p>…

Literature

Paris Review - John Steinbeck, The Art of Fiction No. 45

Interviewed by Nathaniel Benchley<p>Issue 48, Fall 1969<p>EDITOR’S NOTE: John Steinbeck had agreed to a Paris Review interview late in his life. He had earlier been coy about it, but then wanted the interview very much. He was, unfortunately, too sick to work on the project, though it was at the end …

Literature

Paris Review - Aldous Huxley, The Art of Fiction No. 24

Interviewed by Raymond Fraser, George Wickes<p>Issue 23, Spring 1960<p>Drawing by Paul Darrow.<p>Among serious novelists, Aldous Huxley is surely the wittiest and most irreverent. Ever since the early twenties, his name has been a byword for a particular kind of social satire; in fact, he has immortalized …

Literature

Paris Review - Paul Auster, The Art of Fiction No. 178

Interviewed by Michael Wood<p>Issue 167, Fall 2003<p>In 1985, after seventeen New York publishers had rejected <i>City of Glass</i>, the lead novella in The New York Trilogy, it was published by Sun and Moon Press in San Francisco. The other two novellas, <i>Ghosts</i> and <i>The Locked Room</i>, came out the next year. Paul …

Literature

Paris Review - Lawrence Durrell, The Art of Fiction No. 23

Interviewed by Gene Andrewski & Julian Mitchell<p>Issue 22, Autumn-Winter 1959-1960<p>The interview took place at Durrell’s home in the Midi. It is a peasant cottage with four rooms to which he has added a bathroom and a lavatory. He writes in a room without windows, with notices of his work in foreign …

Literature

Paris Review - Woody Allen, The Art of Humor No. 1

Interviewed by Michiko Kakutani<p>Issue 136, Fall 1995<p>Woody Allen, ca. 1969. <i>Take the Money and Run</i><p>As New Yorkers know, Woody Allen is one of its more ubiquitous citizens—at courtside in Madison Square Garden watching the Knicks, at Michael’s Pub on Monday evenings playing the clarinet, on occasion at …

Literature

Paris Review - Octavio Paz, The Art of Poetry No. 42

Interviewed by Alfred MacAdam<p>Issue 119, Summer 1991<p>Though small in stature and well into his seventies, Octavio Paz, with his piercing eyes, gives the impression of being a much younger man. In his poetry and his prose works, which are both erudite and intensely political, he recurrently takes up …

Literature

Paris Review - Umberto Eco, The Art of Fiction No. 197

Interviewed by Lila Azam Zanganeh<p>Issue 185, Summer 2008<p>The first time I called Umberto Eco, he was sitting at his desk in his seventeenth-century manor in the hills outside Urbino, near the Adriatic coast of Italy. He sang the virtues of his <i>bellissima</i> swimming pool, but suspected I might have …

Literature

Paris Review - Julio Cortázar, The Art of Fiction No. 83

Interviewed by Jason Weiss<p>Issue 93, Fall 1984<p>When Julio Cortázar died of cancer in February 1984 at the age of sixty-nine, the Madrid newspaper <i>El Pais</i> hailed him as one of Latin America’s greatest writers and over two days carried eleven full pages of tributes, reminiscences, and farewells.<p>Though …

Literature