Jona Weisser

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A Body to Kick, but Still No Soul to Damn: Legal Perspectives on Robotics

A Body to Kick, but Still No Soul to Damn: Legal Perspectives on Robotics 2012 (English)In: Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of …

Robotics

Ethics and Morality: Library & Information Science Book Chapter | IGI Global

Morality

Here's How Tesla Solves A Self-Driving Crash Dilemma

With very rare exceptions, automakers are famously coy about crash dilemmas. They don’t want to answer questions about how their self-driving cars would respond to weird, no-win emergencies. This is understandable, since any answer can be criticized—there’s no obvious solution to a true dilemma, so …

Self-driving cars don't care about your moral dilemmas

Would it be better to hit a granny or swerve to hit a toddler? It seems like a dilemma, but the designers of self-driving cars say otherwise<p>As self-driving cars move from fiction to reality, a philosophical problem has become the focus of fierce debate among technologists across the world. But to …

Evolutionary Origins of Morality

Philosophy

How to Hold Algorithms Accountable - MIT Technology Review

Algorithms are now used throughout the public and private sectors, informing decisions on everything from education and employment to criminal …

Machine Learning

Machine Ethics and Artificial Moral Agents

How to design machines with ethically-significant behaviors<p>There has been a lot of talk over the past months about AI being our best or worst …

BBC - Intermediate 2 Bitesize Modern Studies - Causes and Types of Crime : Revision

Causes of Crime<p>What exactly is a crime and why do people commit crimes?<p>The Oxford Dictionary defines a crime as 'an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law'.<p>So we may do something 'wrong' that is not a crime. Lying to a friend may be wrong but it may not be a crime. …

From Computation to Consciousness: Can AI reveal the nature of our minds?

The question: “Who are we?”: — How does our mind work, and how does it relate to the universe? — is the most fascinating riddle we humans can ask …

Machine Learning

From elementary computation to ethics?

The universe is probably a reversible computational process, i.e. a non-branching state machine, where every state is given by a set of bits, and a …

The Circus of Morality | Sadhguru

Memetics Criticisms

Most of the arguments that have been deployed against a science of memetics have been misguided and misinformed, and they betray a distinct whiff of …

Ethics, Law and the Politics of Information

A Point of View: The ethics of the driverless car

<b>Driverless cars are being heralded as the answer to all our motoring problems. But long-term backseat driver Adam Gopnik has a few moral questions to raise.</b><p>I do not know how to drive a car.<p>There - it's out. In Britain, I think this is merely a little unusual. In the US, it is positively shaming. …

The Definition of Morality (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1. Descriptive definitions of “morality”<p>An initial naïve attempt at a descriptive definition of “morality” might take it to refer to the most …

Philosophy

Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

Not to be confused with North Atlantic oscillation.<p>The <b>Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation</b> (<b>AMO</b>) is a climate cycle that affects the sea surface …

Dennett Review of "Against Moral Responsibility"

Bruce N. Waller, <i>Against Moral Responsibility</i>, 2011, MIT Press/Bradford Book<p>An original mistake, well made, can be a fine contribution to a research …

Free will and the Moral Agents Club | Activities

For Daniel Dennett the only kind of freedom of any importance, freedom that is really worth wanting to have, is that which allows us to be morally …

Climate change is increasing flood risks in Europe | John Abraham

A new study finds strong agreement that flood risks in central and western Europe are rising due to global warming.<p>As humans continue to emit greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, the world continues to warm. We see that warming everywhere – in the atmosphere, in the oceans, with rising sea levels, …

Climate Change

Resource Depletion, Climate Change, and Economic Growth1

Chapter:<p>(p.381) 6 Resource Depletion, Climate Change, and Economic Growth1<p>Source:<p>Towards a Better Global Economy<p>Publisher:<p>Oxford University …

Lapse rate | meteorology

<b>Alternative Title:</b> temperature lapse rate<p><b>Lapse rate</b>, rate of change in temperature observed while moving upward through the Earth’s atmosphere. The …

Lecture Notes for Chapter 7 - Stability and Cloud Development - Survey of Meteorology I at Lyndon State College

Global Carbon Emissions

<b>IPCC Carbon Budget</b><p>Countries that signed the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted a target to stop the average global temperature from …

Climate Change

CO2 lags temperature - what does it mean?

What the science says...<p>Select a level...<p><b>Basic</b><p>CO2 didn't initiate warming from past ice ages but it did amplify the warming. In fact, about 90% of …

Climate Change

Monckton misuses IPCC equation

What the science says...<p>Select a level...<p><b>Intermediate</b><p>The IPCC surface temperature projections have been exceptionally accurate thus far.<p>The …

Climate Change

Is the Livestock Industry Destroying the Planet?

Seemingly benign bovines and other livestock eat soybeans from the deforested tropics, emit clouds of methane, pollute streams and gobble up 30 …

Stern report: the key points

<b>The dangers</b><p><b>·</b> All countries will be affected by climate change, but the poorest countries will suffer earliest and most.<p><b>·</b> Average temperatures could rise by 5C from pre-industrial levels if climate change goes unchecked.<p><b>·</b> Warming of 3 or 4C will result in many millions more people being flooded. By …

CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) | Data

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.