Jennifer Evans

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Why cholera is worse if you have type O blood

People with blood type O often get more severely ill from cholera than people of other blood types. New research may explain why.<p>In people with blood …

Medical Research

HPV vaccine reduces cervical abnormalities in young women: study

Young women immunized against human papilloma virus were significantly less likely to have potentially cancerous cervical abnormalities compared to those who didn't receive the HPV vaccine, a study of more than 10,000 subjects has found.<p>In a study published Monday in the Canadian Medical …

Effects of malaria vaccine fade over time, research shows

<b>(CNN) —</b> The United States eradicated malaria by spraying mosquito breeding grounds with DDT in 1951, roughly two decades after most of Western Europe eliminated the disease.<p>History then offers hope, even as the world's first malaria vaccine, called RTS,S or Mosquirix, faces challenges: The …

Public Health

Being Infected With Malaria Helped Ebola Victims to Survive

A recent study revealed a surprising finding: Of those infected in the West African Ebola epidemic in 2014, patients who had an active malaria …

Disease

New Single-Dose Treatment Cures Malaria In Mice

The compounds defeated the parasite at all stages of its lifecycle<p>Researchers have discovered several compounds that can cure mice of malaria in a single dose. The new treatment is effective against malaria-causing parasites in all stages of development, scientists reported September 7 in …

Zika Mutates Extremely Quickly, Which Is Why It's So Scary

One thing that’s especially confounding about Zika is that as soon as something about the virus is understood, it comes under question.<p>Until …

Public Health

Zika Fears Cause American Olympians to Scramble

Becoming an Olympian requires devoting yourself to a single cause at the exclusion of virtually everything else. Years of training, often in …

Public Health

New vaccination strategies coach immune system to make HIV-neutralizing antibodies

New approaches that could spur the human body to produce HIV-blocking antibodies have been successful in mice mimicking the human immune system, …

Immune System

Meningitis B vaccine has halved number of cases in babies, tests show

The number of babies suffering from meningitis B and related infections has almost halved since a new vaccine was introduced, research shows.<p>Since last autumn, all newborn babies have been offered the jab.Those aged under one are at greatest risk of the infection, which can prove deadly.<p>However, it …

The Number Of Parents Who Refuse To Vaccinate Is On The Rise

This could explain our dismal HPV vaccination rates.<p>A decade ago, the first vaccine against human papilloma virus was administered in Australia to help prevent several deadly cancers, including cervical, anal and throat and tongue cancer. Since then, the HPV vaccine has been introduced in 130 …

Clostridium difficile Is More Common Than You Think

Researchers have revealed how many of us could be carrying this potentially deadly pathogen<p>When <i>Clostridium difficile</i> was discovered in 1935, it was considered to be an occasional pathogen of humans. Yet, in 2005, that changed with a rampant outbreak in Canada that killed more than fifteen percent …

Detection dog Angus to sniff out C. difficile in Vancouver hospital

A Vancouver hospital is targeting C. difficile infections by deploying a detection dog to sniff out the superbug that's notorious for spreading in health facilities.<p>Angus, a two-year-old English springer spaniel, is believed to be the world's only dog trained to track the scent of the potentially …

Your gut bacteria predates appearance of humans, genetic study finds

Origins of human migration could be traced through gut bacteria, as research suggests microbiome is strongly influenced by evolutionary history<p>The evolutionary history of the bacteria in your guts predates the appearance of humans, and mirrors that of our great ape relatives, according to a genetic …

Successful Ebola vaccine provides 100% protection in trial

Study also demonstrates ability to develop a vaccine quickly during an outbreak.<p>An experimental Ebola vaccine seems to confer total protection …

How to beat the next Ebola

The world is ill-prepared for the next epidemic or pandemic. But the horror of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa may drive change.<p>If there was one …

Smoking addiction and lung health linked to genetics, say British scientists

Reasons why some lifelong smokers manage to maintain heathy lungs can be traced back to genetics, new scientific research indicates.<p>A team of British scientist funded by the Medical Research Council say that their research will help develop better treatments for lung diseases such as chronic …

Meet the lungs | Respiratory system physiology | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Exosomes - structure, biogenesis and biological role in non-small-cell lung cancer.

2015 Jan;81(1):2-10. doi: 10.1111/sji.12247.<p>1Department of Immunology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.<p>Abstract<p>Many different …

Does vitamin D help with asthma? More study needed

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Asthma sufferers who received vitamin D supplements for six months, in addition to their regular inhalers, could breathe a little easier than those who relied only on the inhalers, in a recent study in Iran.<p>The researchers say the results - if confirmed by larger studies …

Asthma and Exercise

Most people with Asthma can exercise and become fit. But the type, and intensity of exercise Asthmatics can do varies greatly from person to person. Here's a video that outlines the rules of thumb.<p>Asthmatic or not, be sure to consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program. Asthma is a …

Harvard-made lung muscle could yield asthma insights

As someone with asthma, I can tell you that it's not fun to feel as though a 200-pound man is sitting on your chest after you've just run a marathon. Up a flight of stairs. With a gag in your mouth. So when there's news about asthma research, my alveoli really perk up.<p>That's why I was drawn to new …

The Link Between Asthma and This Chemical

Bisphenol A, or BPA, lurks in the plastics of all kinds of consumer goods, from can linings to plastic bottles—but its influence doesn’t end with the …

University of Maryland

Clinical significance of mTOR, ZEB1, ROCK1 expression in lung tissues of pulmonary fibrosis patients

Clinical significance of mTOR, ZEB1, ROCK1 expression in lung tissues of pulmonary fibrosis patients<p>Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal …

In A Victory For Gene Research, Vertex Drug Combo Clears Lungs Clogged By Cystic Fibrosis

In the war against genetic disease, scientists just gained some important ground.<p>This morning, Vertex Pharmaceuticals of Boston is announcing that a combination of two drugs improved the lung capacity of patients with the deadly disease cystic fibrosis, helping them gain weight and preventing …

Toward an Effective Tuberculosis Vaccine

Thanks to an infected hospital worker, hundreds of babies in Texas are being tested for TB. Why has it been so hard to develop an effective vaccine for the disease?<p>When reports surfaced last week of a former El Paso, Texas, hospital nursery employee testing positive for active tuberculosis, the …

WHO revises global tuberculosis estimate up by 500,000

<b>The World Health Organization has revised up its estimate of how many people have tuberculosis by almost 500,000.</b><p>In 2013 nine million people had developed TB around the world, up from 8.6 million in 2012, the WHO said.<p>However, the number of people dying from TB continued to decline, it added.<p>TB …