Javi Da Igual
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US Marine, Staff Sergeant Federico Claveria who was a Combat photographer with the 5th Amphibous Corps, stops by a barbed wire fence to offer sweets to a Japanese child held in an Internment Camp on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands. August 1944. The Battle of Tinian was fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from the 24th of July to the 1st of August 1944. The island is about 40 square miles in size. The taking of Saipan by US forces made Tinian, only 3.5 miles southwest of Saipan, the next logical step in the Marianas. The 2nd and 4th Marine divisions were landed on the 24th of July, while the naval forces bombarded the island and artillery was fired across the strait from Saipan. During the battle the Japanese resorted to the same tactics they had used at Saipan, retreating during the day and attacking at night. Tanks and artillery could be employed more successfully owing to the more gentle terrain on Tinian. After nine days of fighting the island was secured by the U.S. forces By the 10th of August, 13,000 Japanese civilians were interned, but up to 4,000 were dead through suicide, murdered by Japanese troops or killed in combat. (Photo by US Marine Combat Photographer Cpl. George Mattson. Official U.S. Marine Corps photo Nº 90935) (Colourised by Paul Reynolds. https://www.facebook.com/PhotoColourisation Historic Military Photo Colourisations)
The second battle of Warsaw. The second battle of Warsaw, 7-25 November 1914, was a German offensive launched to prevent a Russian invasion of Silesia in eastern Germany. In the early months of the First World War the Russians had launched invasions of East Prussia and of Galicia. The attack in East Prussia had failed, but the attack in Galicia had ended with a great Russian victory (battles of Lemberg), which saw the Austro-Hungarian armies forced back to the Carpathian Mountains. This disaster left eastern Germany vulnerable to a Russian invasion. Hindenburg and Ludendorff responded by shifting their Ninth Army from East Prussia to Silesia, and launching an invasion of south west Poland (first battle of Warsaw, 19-30 October). The Russians had moved their armies from the Carpathian front north towards Warsaw and repulsed the German attack. At the end of October the Russians had three armies in the west of Russian Poland and were preparing to advance towards Germany. On 3 November Hindenburg decided to move the Ninth Army north from Silesia to the line between Posen and Thorn. From this new position it would once again invade Poland, heading towards Warsaw, and strike the advancing Russian armies on their right flank. The Germans were in place by 10 November. The Silesian border was defended by Army Section Woyrsch, a mix of Landwehr and Austrian troops. Their job was to delay the Russian advance as much as possible to give the Ninth Army time to launch its attack. On 10 November the Russian Second and Fifth Armies were advancing towards Silesia, unaware of the German movements. The initial German assault, commanded by General Mackensen, disrupted the Russian right wing, and captured 12,000 prisoners. The decisive moment of the overall battle came on 15-16 November (this phase of the fighting is also known as the battle of Lodz). The advancing Germans split open the Russian lines north of Lodz. The Russian First Army was isolated along the Vistula, while the Germans threatened to cut off the Russian Second Army around Lodz. The German XXV Reserve Corps, under General Scheffer, was east of Lodz by the end of 18 November. The Russian Second Army was now cut off to the west, north and east. Yet another mass surrender beckoned. The situation was saved by Grand Duke Nicholas, the Russian commander-in-chief. On 17 November he recognised the danger at Lodz, and abandoned the invasion of Silesia. The Russian Fifth Army, to the south, was ordered to turn to its right and march to the aid of the Second Army. On 21 November they reached Lodz, and attacked the German XXV Reserve corps. A third Russian force, the Lovitch Force, was detached from the First Army and marched south. It too reached Lodz on 21 November, attacking XXV Reserve corps from the north. Scheffer’s corps was now surrounded. On 22 November it stayed on the defensive, fighting on four fronts, but on 23 November it marched north, hitting the 6th Siberian Division from the Lovitch Force. The Siberians held out during 23 November, but no reinforcements arrived, and the next day the division collapsed. Only 1,500 men remained, most of the rest having escaped while they could. Scheffer had escaped from the trap, and was able to resume his place in the German line. In the aftermath of the battle the Russians pulled back to a new line based on Warsaw, while the Germans occupied Lodz. The fighting on this front then died down over the winter. The threat of a Russian invasion of Silesia was removed. The Russians turned south, resuming the attack on the Austro-Hungarian Empire, suffering another defeat at Limanowa-Lapanów, 6-12 December 1914.
Mud goes so stiff as it dries on the clothes<br>And it gets in the rifles and ammo<br>And men live in the mud for day after day<br>And they die there as the …