Graham Aitken

444 Flips | 8 Magazines | 26 Likes | 6 Following | 30 Followers | @GJPhotography | Keep up with Graham Aitken on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates a personalized magazine full of everything, from world news to life’s great moments. Download Flipboard for free and search for “Graham Aitken”

“Luck is What Happens When Preparation Meets Opportunity”

This is a famous quote by the Roman philosopher Seneca, and it’s been a guiding principal in my photography as well as life in general. There is a …

Landscape Photography

GePMI: A statistical model for personal intestinal microbiome identification

1.<p>Turnbaugh, P. J. et al. A core microbiome in obese and lean twins. <i>Nature</i> <b>457</b>, 480–484 (2008).<p>2.<p>Schwartz, S. et al. A metagenomic study of …

Microbiome

Scientists Have Discovered The Protein That Enables Hearing And Balance

Scientists at Harvard Medical School have discovered that a protein called TMC1 converts sound and head motion into electrical signals, thus enabling hearing and balance.<p>The findings were published this week in the journal <i>Neuron</i>.<p>Sensitivity to sound has been a powerful evolutionary force, but the …

Neuroscience

Street Photography Composition Manual

Dear friend, This is an attempt (an essay/assay) into making a comprehensive (yet simple) manual to street photography composition. It will be based …

Street Photography

Creating Over-Under Water Images

I never tire of creating over-under water images, a technique advanced and popularized by National Geographic photographer David Doubilet. The …

Modulation without surgical intervention

A multitude of brain disorders have debilitating impacts on the quality of life of a large patient populace, accounting for ∼30% of the global burden …

Opiates increase the number of hypocretin-producing cells in human and mouse brain and reverse cataplexy in a mouse model of narcolepsy

Opiate addiction and narcolepsy: Opposite sides of the same coin?<p>The neurological mechanisms that maintain opiate addiction and prevent long-term …

The effects of ketamine on prefrontal glutamate neurotransmission in healthy and depressed subjects

1.<p>Berman RM, Cappiello A, Anand A, Oren DA, Heninger GR, Charney DS, et al. Antidepressant effects of ketamine in depressed patients. Biol …

Gut microbiota modulate neurobehavior through changes in brain insulin sensitivity and metabolism

1.<p>Cani PD, Bibiloni R, Knauf C, Waget A, Neyrinck AM, Delzenne NM, et al. Changes in gut microbiota control metabolic endotoxemia-induced …

Epigenetic regulation of the oxytocin receptor is associated with neural response during selective social attention

1.<p>Menon, V. in <i>Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference</i> (ed. Toga, A. W.) 597–611 (Academic Press, Elsevier, 2015).<p>2.<p>Hopfinger, J. B., Buonocore, M. …

Understanding Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization

Psychologist Abraham Maslow's theory of self-actualization contends that individuals are motivated to fulfill their potential in life. …

Behavioral Sciences

How to Reduce Noise in Astrophotography Using Photoshop

Using a high ISO setting to capture starry skies is a pretty common practice when shooting astrophotography, though such an ISO setting can result in …

Astrophotography

Top-Down Processing and Perception

Top-down processing is when we form our perceptions starting with a larger object, concept, or idea before working our way toward more detailed …

Gut vagal sensory signaling regulates hippocampus function through multi-order pathways

1.<p>Grill, H. J. & Hayes, M. R. Hindbrain neurons as an essential hub in the neuroanatomically distributed control of energy balance. <i>Cell. Metab.</i> <b>16</b>, …

All languages speak syllables at about the same rate. Neuroscientists now know why

Neuroscientists have known that speech is processed in the auditory cortex for some time, along with some curious activity within the motor cortex. …

Linguistics

Unique neuronal firing patterns in our "second brain" observed for the first time

Using a newly developed imaging technique, a team of researchers in Australia has directly observed a unique neural motor firing pattern outside of …

Imaging

Habituation of phase-locked local field potentials and gamma-band oscillations recorded from the human insula

1.<p>Liberati, G. <i>et al</i>. Nociceptive Local Field Potentials Recorded from the Human Insula Are Not Specific for Nociception. <i>PLoS Biol.</i> <b>14</b>, e1002345 (2016).<p>…

Parkinson's, dementia: Is this the key to preventive therapy?

Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies are both characterized by impaired brain function tied to neural death. A landmark new study has …

Dementia

Major Schools of Thought in Psychology

When psychology first emerged as a science separate from biology and philosophy, the debate over how to describe and explain the human mind and …

Psychology

Certain common medications tied to 30% higher dementia risk, study finds

<b>(CNN) —</b> Many older adults know that long-term use of certain medications can negatively affect cognition and increase one's risk of dementia.<p>But a new study suggests that some classes of anticholinergic drugs -- particularly those used to treat depression, Parkinson's and urinary incontinence -- …

The Brain

The Cutoff Technique in Street Photography

Dear friend,A technique I learned from my good friend Charlie Kirk in street photography: what he calls the ‘cutoff technique’.<b>CONQUER YOUR FEARS AND</b> …

Photoshop Basics: What Is Unsharp Mask and How to Use It to Sharpen Your Photos So They Pop (VIDEO)

Here’s a quick Photoshop tutorial video from Run N Gun that explains the basics of the Unsharp Mask tool and why it’s essential to helping you …

Dopamine's Role in Borderline Personality Disorder

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter (a chemical released by nerve cells) that plays an important and diverse role in how your brain functions.<p>Dopamine's …

Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Camera Basics: Understanding Hyperfocal Distance, Depth of Field, and How Focus Works (VIDEO)

Just because you have a camera with a fast and accurate autofocus system, and a bag of lenses to match, that doesn’t mean you should simply depress …

Neuroscientists develop potential tools for the study of brain function: Thermogenetics could aid research in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

Thermogenetics could aid research in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's<p>A team of neuroscientists are inching closer to developing the tools needed to decipher …

The Amygdala Is NOT the Brain's Fear Center

I’ve been studying the amygdala for more than 30 years. When I started this work, research on this brain region was a lonely field of inquiry. The …

Chinese scientists analyze human brain's "CPU"

Chinese scientists have analyzed the developmental landscape of the human prefrontal cortex (PFC), considered the CPU of the human brain, to get a …

Why You Must Follow Your Own Voice in Street Photography

Dear friend,Never let anyone tell you how to shoot street photography, what “street photography” is and isn’t. Rather, define street photography for …

These Nikon 'Surf Photo Of The Year' Images Will Take Your Breath Away

Earlier this month Nikon held its annual Surf Photo of the Year awards (in partnership with Surfing Australia). Photos in the comp can be taken …

Take Sunset Photography to the Next Level with These Pro Tips for Shooting into the Light (VIDEO)

Adam Karnacz is a British pro known for his stunning nature and landscape photography. In this four-minute tutorial, he explains how to overcome two …

Landscape Photography