Berkay Köfteci

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50 Common Cognitive Distortions

Becoming mindful of these common cognitive distortions will help you understand yourself and other people better, and improve your decision making.<p><b>1.</b> …

Psychology

People are dying because we misunderstand how those with addiction think

A philosopher explains why addiction isn’t a moral failure.<p>The American opioid epidemic claimed 42,300 lives in 2016 alone. While the public policy challenge is daunting, the problem isn’t that we lack any effective treatment options. The data shows that we could save many lives by expanding …

Why we are sceptical of antidepressant analysis | Letters

It was disappointing to read such an uncritical description of the latest analysis of antidepressant trials that does not address doubts about the widespread use of these drugs (The drugs do work, says study of antidepressants, 22 February).<p>The analysis consists of comparing “response” rates …

Want to Be the Most Interesting Person in Any Conversation? Experts Say These 5 Techniques Will Work

Whether you're a social butterfly or a total introvert, it doesn't matter. These techniques will help you shine in any conversation.<p>You walk into a room at a social event where people are mingling and networking near the bar. In one corner of the room, something catches your eye. You notice a small …

Better Sleep Can Build Emotional Resilience

A new study suggests that people who naturally get more REM sleep may be less sensitive to frightening things.<p>There might have been a secret reason Albert Einstein could make a decision as scary as the one he made in 1939, when he went against his personal pacifist convictions and encouraged …

The Brain

An Expert Explains What Brain Fog Really Is — and What's Causing It

<i>What's his name again? I'm totally drawing a blank. Ugh, where are my keys?! I just had them. Crap! I totally forgot to prepare for that meeting starting in five minutes.</i> If this inner-monologue sounds familiar, you might have brain fog.<p>The most common words to describe the sensation include …

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is the source of our self-obsession

Whether you know it or not, a powerful cult is recruiting you. Cults display unwarranted admiration for a person or thing, and this one has chosen an especially irresistible figurehead: you.<p>The Cult of Self lulls us into believing that we’re better than others, that our needs matter more, and that …

Behavioral Sciences

Arthur Janov, psychologist behind 'primal scream' therapy, dies aged 93

Janov achieved celebrity with the idea that repressed childhood trauma leads to mood disorders, addiction and even epilepsy<p>Arthur Janov, a psychotherapist whose “primal therapy” had celebrities screaming to release their childhood traumas and spawned a bestselling book in the 1970s, has died. He …

Celebrity Gossip

Introverts Hate Being in Charge, But They're Pretty Good at It

Introverts actually tend to outperform extroverts in several leadership situations.<p>Introverts often don't think they will enjoy leadership roles and so are less likely to go for the top job, new research finds. In fact, introverts in our study thought they would be worried and distressed in …

Exercise may alter men's food choices, but not women's

Regular exercise and a healthful diet are key for maintaining good health. Now, a new study sheds light on how the former affects the latter, after …

University of California

<b>Higher levels of education are tied to later ages of peak cognitive functioning, according to new research published today in the journal PLoS One.</b><p>The study, led by UC Berkeley researchers, examined relationships between educational attainment, cognitive performance and learning in order to …

10 Signs You're a People-Pleaser

Over the years, I’ve seen countless people-pleasers in my therapy office. But more often than not, people-pleasing wasn’t really their problem; their …

Self-help

Research: Sleep Deprivation Can Make It Harder to Stay Calm at Work

When new managers and their employees meet for the first time, they begin to forge their working relationship, which will be a crucial factor in how they both experience work, how much they trust each other, and how effectively they can work together. You may have a direct report that you hold in …

Keeping It in the Family: Why We Pick Partners the Way We Do

The peacock’s dazzling tail feathers do not exist for them to carry out everyday activities such as eating or sleeping, but because their …

Why Freud Survives

He’s been debunked again and again—and yet we still can’t give him up.<p>Sigmund Freud almost didn’t make it out of Vienna in 1938. He left on June 4th, on the Orient Express, three months after the German Army entered the city. Even though the persecution of Viennese Jews had begun immediately—Edward …

Literature

Patients can be pretty good therapists to themselves

Seeking out the perfect therapist can feel as significant and difficult as finding a romantic partner. A study on the effectiveness of trained therapists versus self-help treatment, though, suggests that therapists are not as important as they seem.<p>A meta-analyses of 15 studies, published in this …

Depression

The Irrationality of Alcoholics Anonymous

Its faith-based 12-step program dominates treatment in the United States. But researchers have debunked central tenets of AA doctrine and found dozens of other treatments more effective.<p>J.G. is a lawyer in his early 30s. He’s a fast talker and has the lean, sinewy build of a distance runner. His …

The Mental Trick You Can Use This Weekend to Become More Resilient and Confident

Building unshakable confidence and layers of resiliency starts with this mental shift.<p>Abundance is commonly accepted as something that helps us live more fulfilling lives. But why?<p>Simply, it's because operating in a state of abundance leads to a growth mindset. While operating in a state of …

The Dark Side of Resilience

Resilience, defined as the psychological capacity to adapt to stressful circumstances and to bounce back from adverse events, is a highly sought-after personality trait in the modern workplace. As Sheryl Sandberg and Adam Grant argue in their recent book, we can think of resilience as a sort of …

The Brain Literally Starts Eating Itself When It Doesn't Get Enough Sleep

Holy crap.<p>The need for sleep goes far beyond simply replenishing our energy levels every 12 hours. Our brains actually change states when we sleep to …

The Secret Life of Secrets

Everybody has secrets. You do. I do. Maybe even the President of the United States does. For better or worse, science can’t much help in revealing the details of any particular secret. But it is gaining a better handle on the nature of secrets generally. For instance, according to a recent study by …

‘I don’t know who I am without it’: the truth about long-term antidepressant use

Prescriptions have doubled in a decade, but very little is known about the effect of taking SSRIs for years and years. Is it a lifesaver or a happiness trap?<p>Sarah never planned to take antidepressants for 14 years. Three years after she began taking them, when she was 21, she went to her GP and …

Depression

EMDR: Taking a Closer Look

<b>More than 500 brands of psychotherapy</b> exist, with new ones springing up on a nearly monthly basis. Although a handful of these neophyte treatments …

EMDR Treatment: Less Than Meets the Eye?

Scott O. Lilienfeld, Ph.D.<p>Assertions about the utility and validity of psychological techniques must answer to a common-sense demand: 'Show me.' EMDR …

Psychology

7 Incredible Things That Happen Once You Learn To Enjoy Being Alone

Great things happen when you spend time alone. If these 7 benefits don't motivate you to enjoy solitude more often, nothing will.<p>We live in a world of constant contact--a place that's losing sight of the importance of being alone. Offices are abandoning cubicles in favor of shared desks and …

Emotional Intelligence

Stop Trying to Sound Smart When You’re Writing

When I read a piece of business writing, whether it’s a proposal, a report, or a simple email, I’m turned off by people who have invested more energy trying to <i>sound</i> smart than in trying to <i>be</i> smart. Ideally, I’d like to read communications where I don’t notice the writing at all. The best writing is …

11 Writing Tips To Help You Get More Done In 2017

This is the year. The year that you finally finish that draft of your novel, or start that blog, or maybe even just fill up that journal that your …

17 Easy Ways To Become A Happier And Calmer Person In 2017

Being a stressed out mess is so last year.<p>These past 52 weeks weren’t the best when it came to mental health, between the very real development of election anxiety to the tragic events that happened regularly. How could a person <i>not</i> live in a perpetual state of stress?<p>If you’re still looking for a …

3 Ways to Better Understand Your Emotions

Dealing effectively with emotions is a key leadership skill. And naming our emotions — what psychologists call <i>labeling</i> — is an important first step in dealing with them effectively. But it’s harder than it sounds; many of us struggle to identify what exactly we are feeling, and often times the most …