Asim Almotawa

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New Knee Ligament Discovered: Anterolateral Ligament, ALL, Found by Belgium Surgeons

A new knee ligament has been discovered by knee surgeons at the University Hospitals Leuven, called the anterolateral ligament.<p>D.r Steven Claes and …

Belgium

A Rare New Bacterium Thrives In Spacecraft Cleanrooms

A recently discovered bacterium thrives in the cleanest places on Earth—where spacecraft are assembled.<p><i>Tersicoccus phoenicis</i> is no ordinary microbe. This rare bacterium can withstand chemical cleaning, ultraviolet rays, and a dearth of nutrients to live in some of the most sterile places around: …

The World Health Organisation says it has received reports of a suspected outbreak of polio in war-torn Syria - the first in 14 years http://bbc.in/17coRro Syrian's Ministry of Public Health is launching an urgent response, but experts fear the disease will be hard to control amid civil unrest. It is also almost impossible to give immunisations in regions under heavy shellfire. Outbreak risks have also increased due to overcrowding, poor sanitation and deterioration in water supply. Photo courtesy of LOUAI BESHARA/AFP/Getty Images.

Shortcut lets brain make memories in a flash

Nerve cells have a special “pre-assembly” technique that enables the brain to quickly form memories.<p>The technique speeds up protein production at …

Not-so special K: Big Pharma wants ketamine clones to treat depression

Some companies are betting big on the club drug<p>It's commonly used as an anesthetic, and perhaps best known as hallucinogenic club drug Special K, but ketamine might soon have a third application: as a prescription treatment for depression, and one that portends to be the biggest breakthrough in the …

This tiny capsule could let surgeons ‘feel’ again

A small, wireless “palpitation capsule” could restore the sense of touch that surgeons lose during minimally invasive procedures.<p>During open surgery, …

Sex Positions That Won't Break Your Artificial Hip, According To Science

A motion capture study explores the range of hip motion required for sexual activities.<p>These are questions you try not to think about when your graddad gets his hip replaced, but when you get an artificial joint, some hip-shaking activities become a little more risky. Like, uh, dancing. Or sex.<p>As a …

Biomechanics

Blood clot risk varies with estrogen pills

Of two types of estrogen taken as pills to treat menopause symptoms, one is associated with a lower risk of blood vessel clots.<p>A recent observational …

Major U.S. Company Makes A Breast Cancer Risk Test Using Once-Patented Genes

Just four months after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled genes can't be patented, Myriad Genetics is seeing some competition.<p>Remember when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled genes can't be patented? Well, now we're seeing the consequences. A major U.S. medical testing company—it's America's largest by …

Breast Cancer

Method of recording brain activity could lead to mind-reading devices, scientists say

“We’re now able to eavesdrop on the brain in real life,” said Josef Parvizi, the study’s senior author.<p>A brain region activated when people are asked …

The Brain

Worming Our Way Towards New Therapies for Chronic Disease

Over the last five decades, the prevalence of chronic conditions such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis and autism spectrum disorders have grown significantly. Public health research has been working fervently to find a way to treat and hopefully cure the ailments. Yet the …

Why Brain Surgeons Want Help From A Maggot-Like Robot

Brain surgery is a dicey business. Even the most experienced surgeons can damage healthy tissue while trying to root out tumors deep inside the brain.<p>Researchers from the University of Maryland are working on a solution, and it sounds like something out of a sci-fi movie. They're developing a tiny, …

Turn A Heart On And Off With The Flick Of A Switch

Stanford scientists are working on a light-controlled pacemaker.<p>A heartbeat is really a pretty magical thing. Every time that beautiful little hunk of muscle in your chest wants to send blood rushing around your body, it requires an electrical signal generated by your body to tell it to do so. This …

These Contact Lenses Work Like Telescopes For Your Eyes

Researcher Eric Tremblay explains the invention.<p><i>What is it? A real contact lens that can switch between magnifying an image and standard vision. it could be useful for both military personnel and patients with retinal diseases.</i><p>We built a telescope into a contact lens. It is similar to a hard …

Embryonic tissue acts like a liquid and a solid

Scientists have developed a model for studying tissue—specifically how it organizes into organs and layers during embryonic development.<p>Central to …

The Case Of The Girl Who Couldn't Feel Pain

A team of European researchers finds the genetic mutation responsible for a subject's inability to feel pain.<p>"Index Subject 1"—the anonymous girl or woman who participated in this new study—is unusual in a couple of ways. For one thing, she cannot feel pain. It's a dangerous condition for her. …

Small Animals See The World In Slow Motion

This is why it's so hard to catch a fly bare-handed.<p>Ever wonder how a fly or a chipmunk can evade your clumsy human grasp so easily? A new study published in Animal Behavior finds that, generally, the smaller the animal, the more information it can see in a small amount of time. That means certain …

Wise old birds teach migration route to young whooping cranes

A study of captive-bred whooping cranes found that young birds learn their migration routes over many years, and migrating alongside older birds improves the migratory efficiency of younger birds.<p>Ever since people first realised that birds migrate long distances on a seasonal basis, they've …

FYI: What Would Happen If Every Element On The Periodic Table Came Into Contact Simultaneously?

There are two ways to go about testing this, neither of which are practical. One requires the energy of dozens of Large Hadron Colliders. The other could yield a cauldron-full of flaming plutonium. Both, however, would probably create carbon monoxide and a pile of rust and salts rather than a cool …

How sights, sounds, and touch are mapped onto the brain

<i>Chapter 8 of my book, 50 Human Brain Ideas You Really Need to Know. Here's the introduction to the book, the chapter about mirror neurons, and my post about the most important idea in neuroscience</i>.<p>Summary: The body's surface and certain features of the external world are mapped onto the brain in a …

7 Reasons Why Coffee Is Good For You

Coffee isn't just warm and energizing, it may also be extremely good for you.<p>In recent years and decades, scientists have studied the effects of coffee on various aspects of health and their results have been nothing short of amazing.<p>Here are 7 reasons why coffee may actually be one of the …

Rough Sketch: "A Snail Could Be Used as a Battery"

Our biofuel cell generates power from glucose sugar in a snail's body. We drill holes through the shell and implant enzyme-coated electrodes in the hemolymph, or snail blood, that naturally collects between the snail's body and shell. Like any battery, ours is based on chemical reactions that …

The Week In Numbers: Scientists Grow A Brain, Element 115 Exists, And More

<b>4 millimeters</b>: the size of a three-dimensional, self-organizing model of a developing human brain grown in a lab using stem cells<p><b>10 octillion</b>: the number of two-megaton nuclear bombs that would need to explode simultaneously to match the sound of a supernova<p><b>225 million years</b>: the time it would take …