Andrew Thomas

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Doctors Are Using Lasers To Treat People With Severe Psychological Conditions

Not your grandmother’s lobotomy<p>In the middle of the 20th century, lobotomies were a relatively common treatment for people with severe mental illnesses. The controversial procedure surgically destroyed neurons connecting a patient’s prefrontal cortex to the rest of the brain. Since the 1960s, the …

The first imperative: Science that isn’t transparent isn’t science

Today we launch a new initiative to promote ‘open science’ or as we hope to one day call it, ‘science’<p>In today’s issue of <i>Science</i> Magazine we unveil a series of guidelines to promote <b>transparency</b> and <b>reproducibility</b> in research practices - critical aspects of science that are frequently overlooked in …

What Happens To Your Body When You Get Drunk And Stoned At The Same Time?

The science of the spins<p>The intoxicating effects of alcohol and of marijuana have been widely studied, but their combined effect—getting "cross-faded"—is woefully underexplored scientific territory. Here's a look at what we know about how pot and booze together affect the brain.<p>First, the basics: …

Are men's lives ruled by testosterone?

Does testosterone make men brave, aggressive, reckless or attractive? Chris Moss talks to a professor who has a firm grip on the much-maligned source of maleness<p>Most of the time, when you hear the word testosterone it is followed by some non-scientific generalisation about anger, adultery or …

My Beautiful Broken Brain review - moving study of life after stroke

This study of a young stroke patient’s struggle to regain language and memory manages to be at once visually arresting, deeply moving and uplifting<p>My Beautiful Broken Brain is the story of stroke patient Lotje Sodderland. Sodderland suffered a catastrophic brain haemorrhage in 2011 at the age of …

Horses that heal: how equine therapy is helping people find peace of mind

Photograph: Joshua Thaisen<p>Sarah and makes contact with a horse.<p>276<p>http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2015/6/22/1435002910994/da006d21-3fd8-4eb6-b81f-70797252f47c-460x276.jpeg<p>460<p>Photograph: Joshua Thaisen<p>Sarah and makes contact with a …

Textbooks got it wrong: How your brain understands words

For 140 years, scientists’ understanding of language comprehension in the brain came from individuals with stroke.<p>Based on language impairments …

Northwestern University

His pain and her pain may not be the same

Males and females process pain using different cells, a new study with mice suggests.<p>The findings could help researchers develop the next generation …

Pain

Sugary drinks linked to 25,000 deaths in the U.S. each year

By contributing to obesity and, through that, to diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer, the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks appears to claim the lives of about 25,000 American adults yearly and is linked worldwide to the deaths of 180,000 each year, new research says.<p>Low- and …

Britain’s obesity epidemic fuelled by sheer abundance of food

Britain produces and imports far more food than is needed, leading to an overabundance of calories<p>Britain’s obesity epidemic is being fuelled by the sheer abundance of food, researchers have warned, after finding that there are around 50 per cent more calories available to each person than …

Sleep deprivation could prevent traumatic memories and flashbacks

Sleep-deprived group experienced around 40 per cent fewer intrusive memories than those who had been able to sleep normally<p>Sleeping after a traumatic event or going to bed angry could make bad memories and flashbacks worse, Oxford University has found.<p>Although a good night’s sleep has long been …

Facebook CEO Says Telepathy Is Coming After Virtual Reality

Zuckerberg says you'll be able to share emotions virtually ‘one day'<p>During his usually glitchy townhall Q&A session on his Facebook page today, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg shared his idea of what a technologically integrated future looks like: and it’s a lot like an episode of Charlie Brooker’s</i> …

Bad sleep can make bipolar worse for women

Sleep problems are common in both men and women with bipolar disorder, but new research suggests lack of sleep can make depression and mania worse …

Penn State

‘My dentist saved my tooth, but wiped my memory’

After simple dental surgery, William lost his ability to form new memories. What happened? This real-life medical mystery should change the way we think about the brain, says David Robson.<p>William’s internal clock is eternally jammed at 13:40 on 14 March 2005 – right in the middle of a dentist …

Why teens ignore risk for a little reward

Give teenagers just a tiny promise of a reward and they throw caution to the wind. The reason why: They’re brains don’t work the same way as adult …

Neuroscience

Total recall: brain process for memory formation revealed

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - With a little help from Clint Eastwood, Jennifer Aniston and Josh Brolin - or at least photos of them - scientists have gained a new understanding of how memories of everyday events are formed in the brain.<p>Neuroscientist Rodrigo Quian Quiroga (L) and Matias J. Ison, a …

Neurophilosophy

Google is 'ruining our memories', study claims

Over-reliance on Google and smartphones is causing 'digital amnesia' across the UK as people struggle to recall basic phone numbers<p>The UK population is suffering from 'digital amnesia', brought on by over-reliance on smartphones and Google to summon up information people no longer retain as …

Chronic depression shrinks brain's memories and emotions

The hippocampus, an area of the brain responsible for memory and emotion, shrinks in people with recurrent and poorly treated depression, a global study has found.<p>The findings highlighted the importance of treating depression early, particularly in teenagers and young adults, the study …