Vincent van der Puyl

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What Are Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are specialized structures unique to the cells of animals, plants and fungi. They serve as batteries, powering various functions of the …

Antibiotic Resistance: Combating Deadly 'Superbugs' Weak In Most Countries, World Health Organization Report Says

While reports of deadly "superbugs" and drug-resistant infections make headlines with increasing frequency, few countries have mapped out plans to …

What Chipotle's 'Ban' on Genetically Modified Foods Really Means

Chipotle's decision to prepare only food that does not contain genetically modified ingredients is adding fuel to an ongoing debate about the health …

Importance of Microbial Diversity in Gut Health and Disease

<b>By Dr. Mercola</b><p>Your gastrointestinal tract is now considered one of the most complex microbial ecosystems on Earth. You may have a basic awareness …

The Scientists Who Want to Fix America’s Intestines Started With Their Own

Cute Family.<p>And You Should See Their Bacteria.<p>The scientific clan bringing microbe diversity to the dinner table.<p>Justin and Erica Sonnenburg with …

Microbiology

Once-Deadly Viruses Evolved To Protect Early Human Embryos

"We are creatures controlled by viruses," Luis Villarreal, a professor of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry at the University of California at …

Hopes raised for new genetic therapy to prevent inherited diseases

Researchers in the US have raised hopes for a simple genetic therapy that could prevent devastating diseases being passed on from mothers to their children.<p>A team at the Salk Institute in California demonstrated in mice that a single injection into embryos could rewrite faults in the DNA of …

Genetics

Whole Genome Sequencing Helps FDA Identify Dangerous Bacteria

Whole genome sequencing is a cutting-edge technology that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has put to a novel and health-promoting use: …

Cancer treatment: The killer within

The immune system can be a powerful weapon against cancer — but researchers are still grappling with how to control it.<p>The first tumour was a small …

Immunologist Tetyana Obukhanych: Unvaccinated Children Pose “No Extra Danger to the Public”

<b>Re: VACCINE LEGISLATION</b><p>Dear Legislator:<p>My name is Tetyana Obukhanych. I hold a PhD in Immunology. I am writing this letter in the hope that it will …

Microbes help produce serotonin in gut

The researchers next wanted to find out whether specific species of bacteria, out of the diverse pool of microbes that inhabit the gut, are …

A single dose of a new HIV drug weakens the virus for 28 days

The antibody-based drug might reduce people's need for antiretrovirals<p>A new class of HIV drugs might be around the corner. By injecting people infected with HIV with a single dose of antibodies, researchers were able to reduce the presence of the virus in the blood of study participants — for 28 …

Researchers develop harmless artificial virus for gene therapy

Researchers of the Nanobiology Unit from the UAB Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, led by Antonio Villaverde, managed to create artificial …

Why do we have allergies?

Allergic reactions to everything from pollen to peanuts make life a misery for millions. But why does our body over-react to seemingly benign intruders? Carl Zimmer reports.<p>For me, it was hornets.<p>One summer afternoon when I was 12, I ran into an overgrown field near a friend’s house and kicked a …

Immunotherapy

How microbes define, shape — and might even heal us

As both a scientist and a human being, I am continually awestruck by discoveries about the power of the microbiome to define and shape us. But what …

Immune System

Microbes Are Partly To Blame For Arctic’s Melting Permafrost

Oh good, more fuel for climate change<p>The whole idea behind the term permafrost, is that it is a permanently frozen layer of soil. Perma = Permanent, Frost = Brrr. Perma + Frost = You aren't getting warm again anytime soon. But in Greenland, that equation is starting to look a little less …

Global Warming

CRISPR-Cas editing of C. albicans holds promise for overcoming deadly fungal infections

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (April 3, 2015) - By modifying the CRISPR-Cas genome editing system, Whitehead Institute researchers are now able to manipulate</i> …

Genetics

A Longer Life May Lie in Number of Anti-Inflammatory Genes

Why do some kinds of animals live longer than others? For mammals, part of the answer may lie in the number of anti-inflammatory genes.<p>From mouse to …

Anthropologist explains why we cheat on people we love

Simply put, she says, that person becomes the center of the world. You have an intense craving to be with that person, not just sexually, but emotionally. You can list the things you don't like about them, but all that gets pushed aside and you focus only on what you do like about them.<p>"It's an …

The Next Manhattan Project

Anticipating cutting-edge scientific research before it happens may be key to protecting against bioterrorism.<p>In June 2012, a team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin published a paper in the journal <i>Nature</i> about airborne transmission of H5N1 influenza, or bird flu, in ferrets. The …

Could Mothers’ Milk Nourish Mind-Manipulating Microbes?

Breast milk seems like a simple nutritious cocktail for feeding babies, but it is so much more than that. It also contains nutrients that feed the beneficial bacteria in a baby’s gut, and it contains substances that can change a baby’s behaviour. So, when a mother breastfeeds her child, she isn’t …

Biology

"No Sugar" Foods with Maltodextrin Mess with Your Gut Microbiome - Effects are Significant and Could Explain Rise in IBD, Crohn's, Ulcerative Colitis & Co

No, sugar may not be extra-healthy, but there's accumulating evidence that it's alleged "no-sugar" replacement maltodextrin may be even worse.I find …

Aztec human sacrifice was a bloody, fascinating mess

The common consensus—outside academic circles, at least—is that the Aztec empire, like most indigenous American nations, crumbled under the combined …

Genome Editing Poses Ethical Problems That We Cannot Ignore

The ability to precisely and accurately change almost any part of any genome, even in complex species such as humans, may soon become a reality …

The Secret of Gobekli Tepe: Cosmic Equinox and Sacred Marriage - Part 1

Göbeklitepe is an ancient and significant site which has been pushing back the beginnings of civilization further than we previously assumed. As each …

Will religion ever disappear?

Atheism is on the rise around the world, so does that mean spirituality will soon be a thing of the past? Rachel Nuwer discovers that the answer is far from simple.<p>A growing number of people, millions worldwide, say they believe that life definitively ends at death – that there is no God, no …

Religion

GMOs Will Not Feed the World, New Report Concludes

By the year 2050, the Earth's population will reach more than 9 billion people. With so many mouths to feed, agribusiness giants have argued that …

GMOs of the Future: Two Recent Studies Reveal Potential of Genetic Technologies

For four years, the state of California has experienced a devastating drought. It's not just a little dry—according to scientists, it's the worst …

Pest Control

Poverty may affect the growth of children’s brains

Stark and rising inequality plagues many countries, including the United States, and politicians, economists, and—fortunately—scientists, are …

Neuroscience